Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Harland, Robert George
Languages: English
Types: Unknown
This thesis presents a model for analysing the graphic object as urban object, by considering atypical fields of discourse that contribute to the formation of the object domain. The question: what is graphic design as urban design? directs the research through an epistemological design study comprising: an interrogation of graphic design studio practice and the articulation of graphic design research questions; a review and subsequent development of research strategy, design and method towards the articulation of methodology that reflects the nature of the inquiry; a detailed analysis of five different ways to study and research graphic design as urban design, in geography, language, visual communication, art and design, and urban design. The outcome of the investigation is a model that enables future research in the urban environment to benefit from micro-meso-macrographic analysis. The model endeavours to provide a way to evaluate, design and enhance ‘public places and urban spaces’ by considering different scales of symbolic thought and deed. This has been achieved by acknowledging the relationship between the relatively miniscule detail of graphic symbolism, the point at which this becomes visible through increased scale, and the instances when it dominates the urban realm. Examples are considered that show differences between, for example, the size and spacing of letter shapes on a pedestrian sign, compared to the ‘visual’ impact of an iconic building in the cityscape. In between is a myriad of graphic elements that are experienced and designed by many different professional disciplines and occupations. These are evidenced and explained. Throughout the study an indiscriminating literature review is interwoven with the text, accompanied by tabular information, and visual data in the form of photographs and diagrams. This is mainly research-driven data utilising photographs from fieldwork in Brazil, Canada, Hong Kong, Italy, Portugal, South Korea, United Kingdom, and United States of America. The methodology integrates a transdisciplinary adaptive theory approach derived from sociological research, with graphic method (utilising a wider scope of visual data usually associated with graph theory). The following images provide sixteen examples of artefacts representing the graphic object as urban object phenomenon.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Harland, R. G. Loschiavo dos Santos, M. C. (2010). Education as a practice of affiliation: facilitating dialogue between developed and developing nations. Design and Complexity: Design Research Society International Conference 2010, Montreal 7-9 July 2010.
    • 2008. New Views 2: conversations and dialogues in graphic design. An international symposium defining graphic design for the future. 9-11 July. London.
    • ARMSTRONG, H. (ed.) 2009. Graphic design theory: readings from the field, New York: Princeton Architecural Press.
    • ARTHUR, P. & PASSINI, R. [1992] 2002. Wayfinding: people, signs, and architecture, Toronto, McGraw-Hill Ryerson.
    • BROWN, V. A. 2010. Conducting an imaginative transdisciplinary inquiry. In: BROWN, V. A., HARRIS, J. A. & RUSSELL, J. Y. (eds.) Tackling wicked problems through the transdisciplinary imagination. London: Earthscan Ltd.
    • BROWN, V. A., DEANE, P. M., HARRIS, J. A. & RUSSELL, J. Y. 2010a. Towards a just and sustainable future. In: BROWN, V. A., HARRIS, J. A. & RUSSELL, J. Y. (eds.) Tackling wicked problems through the transdisciplinary imagination. London: Earthscan Ltd.
    • BROWN, V. A., HARRIS, J. A. & RUSSELL, J. Y. (eds.) 2010b. Tackling wicked problems through the transdisciplinary imagination, London: Earthscan Ltd.
    • CLIFFORD, N. J., HOLLOWAY, S. L., RICE, S. P. & VALENTINE, G. (eds.) 2009b. Key Methods in Geogaphy, London: SAGE Publications Ltd.
    • FRIEDMAN, K. 2003. Theory construction in design research: criteria: approaches, and methods.
    • Design Studies, 24.
    • KINDRED, B. 1979a. Put out more flags. Streets ahead. London: Design Council in association with the Royal Town Planning Institute.
    • U. & CAMPARI, I., eds. Spatial Information Theory: A Theoretical Basis for GIS, Proceedings COSIT '93., 1993.
    • UN-HABITAT 2008. State of world cities 2008/2009: Harmonious Cities, London, Earthscan.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article