Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Clark, B.; Lyons, G.; Miller, P.
Languages: English
Types: Unknown
Like it or not, Wikipedia has become an influential source of information for the public and for professionals on many subjects, including transport. Enter either ‘high speed 2’ or ‘peak car’ (a debate of increasing academic interest) into Google and the associated Wikipedia articles are ranked second and first respectively (10th July 2012). Such observations provide the context for this paper, which explores the implications of Wikipedia’s increasing presence for the transport planning and research community.\ud The paper begins with a general review of academic studies of Wikipedia, uncovering the contested and unresolved debates around Wikipedia’s credibility. The review reveals: the altruistic motivations of Wikipedia contributors; the remarkably small number of contributors accounting for most Wikipedia content; the internal hyper-linking that drives the high ranking of Wikipedia articles in search engine results; and, most significantly, the way Wikipedia is now being embraced as a mainstream information source in other disciplines – for example being widely used by both patients and doctors in relation to medicine.\ud The paper goes on to explore the extent to which Wikipedia is becoming a repository of transport knowledge. An audit of Wikipedia content confirms that the majority of nationally significant transport infrastructure schemes and transport debates (since the 1998 transport White Paper) are both covered on Wikipedia and the associated articles are ranked highly by Google. More detailed article case studies reveal the expected link between official information releases and increased article viewing and editing. Interviews with selected transport planners and researchers underpin the hypothesis that Wikipedia is indeed regularly read by transport professionals, but the professional community has not yet widely engaged in adding or editing Wikipedia content. On the basis of this exploration, the paper concludes by repeating Nature’s (2005) call for transport professionals and researchers to “read Wikipedia cautiously and amend it enthusiastically”.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Institute of Civil Engineers (2012b) ICE IS Panel March 2012 meeting minutes. London: Institute of Civil Engineers. Available from www.ice.org.uk/.../topics/.../ISP-Minutes-20- March-2012.doc.aspx [Accessed 29th August 2012].
    • Institute of Civil Engineers (2012c) ICE IS Panel June 2012 meeting minutes. London: Institute of Civil Engineers. Available from www.ice.org.uk/.../topics/.../IS.../ISP-Minutes-13- June-2012.doc.asp [Accessed 29th August 2012].
    • Intelligent Positioning (2012) Wikipedia: Page one of Google UK for 99% of searches [online] Available from http://www.intelligentpositioning.com/blog/2012/02/wikipedia-page-one-ofgoogle-uk-for-99-of-searches/ [Accessed 31st May 2012].
    • Kittur, A. And Kraut, R (2008) Harnessing the wisdom of crowds in Wikipedia: quality through coordination. In CSW08: Proceedings of the ACM 2008 conference on Computer supported collaborative work. New York: ACM Press.
    • Klobas, J. (2006) Wikis: Tools for information work and collaboration. Oxford: Chandos Publishing.
    • Kummervold PE, Chronaki CE, Lausen B, Prokosch HU, Rasmussen J, Santana S, Staniszewski A, Wangberg SC (2008) eHealth Trends in Europe 2005-2007: A PopulationBased Survey, Journal Medical Internet Research 2008;10(4):e42.
    • Kuznetsov, S. (2006) Motivations of contributions to Wikipedia, Computers and Society, 36(2).
    • Laurent, M., Vickers, T. (2009) Seeking health information online: Does Wikipedia matter? Journal of American Medical Informatics Association 16(4): p.471-479.
    • Lih, A. (2004). Wikipedia as participatory journalism: reliable sources? Metrics for evaluating collaborative media as a news resource. Paper presented at the 5th International Symposium on Online Journalism (April 16-17, 2004), University of Texas at Austin.
    • Nature (2005) Wiki's wild world, Nature, 438(7070) p.890.
    • Network Rail (2012a) Improving the railway [online] Available from http://www.networkrail.co.uk/aspx/6306.aspx [Accessed 13th July 2012].
    • Network Rail (2012b) High speed rail development [online] Available from http://www.networkrail.co.uk/highspeedrail/ [Accessed 13th July 2012].
    • Network Rail (2012c) Electrification [online] Available from http://www.networkrail.co.uk/aspx/12273.aspx [Accessed 13th July 2012].
    • Network Rail (2012d) Building better stations [online] Available from http://www.networkrail.co.uk/aspx/6220.aspx [Accessed 13th July 2012].
    • SEOBook (2007) When will Wikipedia rank for everything? [online] Available from http://www.seobook.com/other-side-high-wikipedia-rankings [Accessed 31st May 2012].
    • Spoerri, A. (2007) What is popular on Wikipedia and why? First Monday, 12(4).
    • Stein, K. & Hess, C. (2007). Does it matter who contributes: a study on featured articles in the German Wikipedia. In Proceedings of the 18th Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia, Manchester, UK, September 10 - 12, 2007, (pp. 171-174). New York, NY: ACM.
    • Trivers, R. (1971) The evolution of reciprocal altruism, The Quarterly Review of Biology, 46.
    • VTPI (2011) Online TDM Encyclopedia [online] Available from: http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/ [Accessed 20th August 2012].
    • Wikimedia (2012a) Wikipedia Statistics [online] Available from: http://stats.wikimedia.org/EN/TablesCurrentStatusVerbose.htm [Accessed 29th May 2012].
    • Wikimedia (2012b) GLAM [online] Available from: http://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/GLAM [Accessed 29th August 2012].
    • Wikimediafoundation (2012) Home [online] Available from http://wikimediafoundation.org/wiki/Home [Accessed 30th August 2012].
    • Wikipedia (2012a) Nupedia [online] Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nupedia [Accessed 29th May 2012].
    • Wikipedia (2012b) Attribution [online] Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Attribution#Citing_yourself [Accessed 29th August 2012].
    • Wilkinson, D. And Huberman, B. (2007) Assessing the value of cooperation in Wikipedia, First Monday, 12(4).
    • Willinksy, J. (2007) What open access research can do for Wikipedia, First Monday, 12(3).
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Download from

Cite this article