OpenAIRE is about to release its new face with lots of new content and services.
During September, you may notice downtime in services, while some functionalities (e.g. user registration, login, validation, claiming) will be temporarily disabled.
We apologize for the inconvenience, please stay tuned!
For further information please contact helpdesk[at]

fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Taylor, Charlotte (2015)
Publisher: Elsevier
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: P
This paper aims to cast light on the somewhat neglected area of mock politeness. The principle objectives are to describe the ways that mock politeness is talked about and performed. In order to investigate such usage, I analyse data from informal, naturally occurring conversations in a UK-based online forum. The paper introduces a range of metalinguistic expressions which are used to refer to mock polite behaviours in lay interactions and describes the different structures of mock polite behaviours. The analysis shows that both metalanguage and structure are more diverse than anticipated by previous research and, as a result, the paper argues against equating mock politeness with sarcasm and calls for further research into mock politeness as an important strategy of impoliteness.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Alba-Juez, Laura, Attardo, Salvatore, 2014. The evaluative palette of verbal irony. In: Alba-Juez, Laura, Geoffrey, Thompson (Eds.), Evaluation in Context. John Benjamins, Amsterdam, pp. 93--116.
    • Attardo, Salvatore, 2000a. Irony as relevant inappropriateness. J. Pragmat. 32 (6), 793--826.
    • Attardo, Salvatore, 2000b. Irony markers and functions: towards a goal-oriented theory of irony and its processing. Rask 12 (1), 3--20.
    • Attardo, Salvatore, 2001. Humorous Texts: A Semantic and Pragmatic Analysis. Mouton de Gruyer, Berlin/New York.
    • Attardo, Salvatore, 2013. Intentionality and irony. In: Gurillo, L.R., Ortega, M.B.A. (Eds.), Irony and Humor: From Pragmatics to Discourse. John Benjamins Publishing, Amsterdam, pp. 39--58.
    • Baroni, Marco, Bernardini, Silvia, 2004. BootCaT: bootstrapping corpora and terms from the web. In: Proceedings of LREC 2004. Available from: baroni/publications/lrec2004/bootcat_lrec_(2004).pdf
    • Blas Arroyo, José Luis, 2013. 'No eres inteligente ni para tener amigos. . . Pues anda que tú' ['You are not even clever enough to have any friends. . . Look who's talking!']: a quantitative analysis of the production and reception of impoliteness in present-day Spanish reality television In: Lorenzo-Dus, Nuria, Blitvich, Pilar G.C. (Eds.), Real Talk: Reality Television and Discourse Analysis in Action. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, pp. 218--244.
    • Bousfield, Derek, 2007. Beginnings, middles, and ends: a biopsy of the dynamics of impolite exchanges. J. Pragmat. 39 (12), 2185--2216.
    • Bousfield, Derek, 2008. Impoliteness in Interaction. Pragmatics and Beyond New Series. John Benjamins, Amsterdam/New York.
    • Bousfield, Derek, 2010. Researching impoliteness and rudeness: issues and definitions. In: Locher, M., Sage, Lambert G. (Eds.), Interpersonal Pragmatics. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin, pp. 101--134.
    • Brown, Lucien, 2013. 'Mind your own esteemed business': sarcastic honorifics use and impoliteness in Korean TV dramas. J. Politeness Res. 9 (2), 159--186.
    • Brown, Penelope, Levinson, Stephen C., 1987. Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
    • Cashman, Holly R., 2006. Impoliteness in children's interactions in a Spanish/English bilingual community of practice. J. Politeness Res. 2 (2), 217--246.
    • Cashman, Holly R., 2008. 'You're screwed either way': an exploration of code-switching, impoliteness and power. In: Bousfield, D., Locher, M. (Eds.), Impoliteness in Language. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin, pp. 225--279.
    • Colston, Herbert, Gibbs, Raymond, 2007. A brief history of irony. In: Gibbs, R., Colston, H. (Eds.), Irony in Language and Thought: A Cognitive Science Reader. Lawrence Erlbaum, New York/Abingdon, pp. 3--21.
    • Culpeper, Jonathan, 1996. Towards an anatomy of impoliteness. J. Pragmat. 25 (3), 349--367.
    • Culpeper, Jonathan, 2005. Impoliteness and entertainment in the television quiz show: The Weakest Link. J. Politeness Res. 1 (1), 35--72.
    • Culpeper, Jonathan, 2009. The metalanguage of IMPOLITENESS: explorations in the Oxford English Corpus. In: Baker, P. (Ed.), Contemporary Corpus Linguistics. Continuum, London, pp. 64--86.
    • Culpeper, Jonathan, 2011. Impoliteness: Using Language to Cause Offence. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
    • Culpeper, Jonathan, Bousfield, Derek, Wichmann, Anne, 2003. Impoliteness revisited: with special reference to dynamic and prosodic aspects. J. Pragmat. 35 (10--11), 1545--1579.
    • Culpeper, Jonathan, Marti, Leyla, Mei, Meilian, Nevala, Minna, Schauer, Gina, 2010. Cross-cultural variation in the perception of impoliteness: a study of impoliteness events reported by students in England, China, Finland, Germany and Turkey. Intercult. Pragmat. 7 (4), 597--624.
    • Davies, Bethan, Merrison, Andrew J., Haugh, Michael, 2011. Epilogue. In: Davies, B., Merrison, A.J., Haugh, M. (Eds.), Situated Politeness. Continuum, London, pp. 270--278.
    • Dynel, Marta, 2009. Humorous Garden-Paths: A Pragmatic-Cognitive Study. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle.
    • Dynel, Marta, 2013. Irony from a neo-Gricean perspective: on untruthfulness and evaluative implicature. Intercult. Pragmat. 10 (3), 403--431.
    • Dynel, Marta, 2014. Isn't it ironic? Defining the scope of humorous irony. Humor 27 (4), 619--639.
    • Eelen, Gino, 2001. A Critique of Politeness Theories. St. Jermome Publishing, Manchester.
    • Eisterhold, Jodi, Attardo, Salvatore, Boxer, Diana, 2006. Reactions to irony in discourse: evidence for the least disruption principle. J. Pragmat. 38 (8), 1239--1256.
    • Garcés-Conejos Blitvich, Pilar, 2010a. A genre approach to the study of impoliteness. Int. Rev. Pragmat. 2 (1), 46--94.
    • Garcés-Conejos Blitvich, Pilar, 2010b. The YouTubification of politics, impoliteness and polarization. In: Taiwo, R. (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Discourse Behavior and Digital Communication: Language Structures and Social Interaction. IGI Global, Hershey, PA, pp. 540--563.
    • García, Carmen, 2010. 'Cuente conmigo': the expression of sympathy by Peruvian Spanish speakers. J. Pragmat. 42 (2), 408--425.
    • Gervais, Sarah J., Vescio, Theresa K., 2012. The effect of patronising behavior and control on men and women's performance in stereotypically masculine domains. Sex Roles 66 (7--8), 479--491.
    • Gibbs, Raymond W., 2000. Irony in talk among friends. Metaphor Symb. 15 (1/2), 5--27.
    • Gibbs, Raymond W., Colston, Herbert L., 2007. Irony in Language and Thought: A Cognitive Science Reader. Taylor & Francis, New York/ Abingdon.
    • Giles, Howard, Fox, Susan, Smith, Elisa, 1993. Patronising the elderly. Res. Lang. Soc. Interact. 26, 129--149.
    • Glick, Peter, Fiske, Susan T., 1997. Hostile and benevolent sexism. Psychol. Women Q. 21 (1), 119--135.
    • Goffman, Erving, 1967. Interaction Ritual: Essays on Face-to-Face Behaviour. Pantheon Books, New York.
    • Grice, H. Paul, 1975. Logic and conversation. In: Cole, P., Morgan, J. (Eds.), Syntax and Semantics. Speech Acts, vol. 3. Academic Press, New York, pp. 41--58.
    • Haiman, John, 1998. Talk is Cheap: Sarcasm, Alienation and the Evolution of Language. Oxford University Press, New York.
    • Haugh, Michael, 2007. The discursive challenge to politeness research: an interactional alternative. J. Politeness Res. 3 (2), 295--317.
    • Haugh, Michael, 2010. Jocular mockery, (dis)affiliation, and face. J. Pragmat. 42 (8), 2106--2119.
    • Haugh, Michael, 2012. Epilogue: the first--second order distinction in face and politeness research. J. Politeness Res. 8 (1), 111--134.
    • Haugh, Michael, 2013. Im/politeness, social practice and the participation order. J. Pragmat. 58 (1), 52--72.
    • Haugh, Michael, 2014a. Im/politeness Implicatures. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin.
    • Haugh, Michael, 2014b. Jocular mockery as interactional practice in everyday Anglo-Australia conversation. Aust. J. Linguist. 34 (1), 76--99.
    • Haugh, Michael, Bousfield, Derek, 2012. Mock impoliteness, jocular mockery and jocular abuse in Australian and British English. J. Pragmat. 44 (9), 1099--1114.
    • Hehman, Jessica A., Corpuz, Randy, Bugental, Daphne, 2012. Patronising speech to older adults. J. Nonverbal Behav. 36 (4), 249--261.
    • Hummert, Mary L., Ryan, Ellen B., 2001. Patronising. In: Robinson, W.P., Giles, H. (Eds.), The New Handbook of Language and Social Psychology. Wiley, Chichester, pp. 253--269.
    • Iwata, Seizi, 2015. And mockery: a two-layer account. Lang. Sci. 50, 30--48.
    • Jaworski, Adam, Coupland, Nikolas, Galasin´ ski, Dariusz, 2004. Metalanguage: why now? In: Jaworski, A., Coupland, N., Galasin´ ski, D. (Eds.), Metalanguage: Social and Ideological Perspectives. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin, pp. 3--10.
    • Jucker, Andreas H., Taavitsainen, Irma, Schneider, Gerold, 2012. Semantic corpus trawling: expressions of 'courtesy' and 'politeness' in the Helsinki Corpus. In: Suhr, C., Taavitsainen, I. (Eds.), Developing Corpus Methodology for Historical Pragmatics (Studies in Variation, Contacts and Change in English 11). Research Unit for Variation, Contacts and Change in English, Helsinki.
    • Koestler, Arthur, 1964. The Act of Creation. Hutchinson, London.
    • Leech, Geoffrey, 1983. The Principles of Pragmatics. Longman, London/New York.
    • Leech, Geoffrey, 2014. The Pragmatics of Politeness. OUP, Oxford.
    • Locher, Miriam A., 2011. Situated impoliteness: the interface between relational work and identity construction. In: Davies, B., Haugh, M., Merrison, A.J. (Eds.), Situated Politeness. Continuum, London, pp. 187--208.
    • Locher, Miriam A., Bousfield, Derek, 2008. Introduction: impoliteness and power in language. In: Bousfield, D., Locher, M.A. (Eds.), Impoliteness in Language: Studies on its Interplay with Power in Theory and Practice. Peter Lang, Bern, pp. 1--16.
    • Mitchell, N., Haugh, M., 2015. Agency, accountability and evaluations of impoliteness. J. Politeness Res. 11 (2), 207--238.
    • Mumsnet. (last updated 29.01.15, retrieved 12.05.15)
    • Norrick, Neal R., 1993. Conversational Joking: Humor in Everyday Talk. Indiana University Press, Bloomington.
    • Nuolijarvi, Pirkko, Tiitula, Liisa, 2011. Irony in political television debates. J. Pragmat. 43 (2), 572--587.
    • Partington, Alan, 2007. Irony and reversal of evaluation. J. Pragmat. 39 (9), 1547--1569.
    • Pexman, Penny M., Olineck, Kara M., 2002. Does sarcasm always sting? Investigating the impact of ironic insults and ironic compliments. Discourse Process. 33 (3), 199--217.
    • Romero-Trillo, Jesus, 2008. Introduction: pragmatics and corpus linguistics: a mutualistic entente. In: Romero-Trillo, J. (Ed.), Pragmatics and Corpus Linguistics: A Mutualistic Entente. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin, pp. 1--10.
    • Rychly, Pavel, Kilgarriff, Adam, 2007. An efficient algorithm for building a distributional thesaurus. In: Proceedings of the ACL. Prague, Czech Republic Available from:
    • Sinclair, John M., 2007. Language and computing, past and present. In: Ahmad, K., Rogers, M. (Eds.), Evidence-Based LSP: Translation Text and Terminology. Peter Lang, Bern, pp. 22--51.
    • Spencer-Oatey, Helen, 2000. Rapport management: a framework for analysis. In: Spencer-Oatey, H. (Ed.), Culturally Speaking: Managing Rapport Through Talk Across Cultures. Continuum, London/New York, pp. 11--46.
    • Spencer-Oatey, Helen, 2002. Managing rapport in talk: using rapport sensitive incidents to explore the motivational concerns underlying the management of relations. J. Pragmat. 34 (5), 529--545.
    • Spencer-Oatey, Helen, 2008. Face, (im)politeness and rapport. In: Spencer-Oatey, H. (Ed.), Culturally Speaking: Culture, Communication and Politeness Theory. Continuum International Publishing Group, London, pp. 11--47.
    • Taylor, Charlotte, 2011. Negative politeness features and impoliteness: a corpus-assisted approach. In: Davies, B., Merrison, A., Haugh, M. (Eds.), Situated Politeness. Continuum, London, pp. 209--231.
    • Taylor, Charlotte, 2015. Mock Politeness in English and Italian: A Corpus-Assisted Study of the Metalanguage of Sarcasm and Irony (Unpublished PhD thesis). Lancaster University.
    • Terkourafi, Marina, 2005. An argument for a frame-based approach to politeness: evidence from the use of the imperative in Cypriot Greek. In: Lakoff, R., Ide, S. (Eds.), Broadening the Horizon of Linguistic Politeness. John Benjamins, Amsterdam, pp. 99--116.
    • Terkourafi, Marina, 2011. From Politeness1 to Politeness2: tracking norms of im/politeness across time and space. J. Politeness Res. 7 (2), 159--185.
    • van der Bom, Isabelle, Mills, Sara, 2015. A discursive approach to the analysis of politeness data. J. Politeness Res. 11 (2), 179--206.
    • Vescio, Theresa, Gervais, Sarah J., Snyder, Mark, Hoover, Ann, 2005. Power and the creation of patronising environments: the stereotype-based behaviors of the powerful and their effects on female performance in masculine domains. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 88 (4), 658.
    • Waters, Sophia, 2012. 'It's rude to VP': the cultural semantics of rudeness. J. Pragmat. 44 (9), 1051--1062.
    • Watts, Richard, Ide, Sachiko, Ehrlich, Konrad, 1992. Introduction. In: Watts, R., Ide, S., Ehrlich, K. (Eds.), Politeness in Language: Study in its History, Theory and Practice. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin, pp. 1--17.
    • Wilson, Deidre, 2013. Irony comprehension: a developmental perspective. J. Pragmat. 59 (1), 40--56.
    • Ytsma, Jehannes, Giles, Howard, 1997. Reactions to patronising talk: some Dutch data. J. Sociolinguist. 1 (2), 259--268.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Cookies make it easier for us to provide you with our services. With the usage of our services you permit us to use cookies.
More information Ok