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Hill, SJ
Publisher: Wiley
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: D1
Much has been written about how the American Revolutionary War affected the British Isles. However, Liverpool (arguably the second city of empire) rarely features within such literature. This article redresses this oversight, and considers the socio-cultural impact of the war on the town. Liverpool will illustrate three key themes: first, that, contrary to some suggestions, eighteenth-century warfare did impact on British society; second, that both the localities and the central fiscal-military state influenced the agenda; third, that warfare generated division and unity. This third point has important implications for our understanding of British opinion, imperial ideology and national identity c.1775-83.
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    • 17 H.V. Bowen, War and British Society 1688-1815 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), 41.
    • 18 K. Wilson, 'Introduction: Histories, Empires, Modernities', in K. Wilson, ed., A New Imperial History: Culture, Identity and Modernity in Britain and the Empire 1660-1840 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), 5-6.
    • 19 M.J. Power, 'The Growth of Liverpool', in J. Belchem, ed., Popular Politics, Riot and Labour: Essays in Liverpool History 1790-1940 (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1992), 28-37.
    • 20 M. Macilwee, The Liverpool Underworld: Crime in the City 1750-1900 (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2011), 69-88.
    • character was 'nautical and so infinitely below our expectations.' A. Oliver, ed., The Journal of Samuel Curwen Loyalist Volume 2 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1972), 627-8.
    • 110 Liverpool General Advertiser, 8 June 1780. Also see D. Wahrman, 'The English Problem of Identity in the American Revolution', American Historical Review, 106, 4 (2001), 1238.
    • 111 British Library, The Dismember'd Empire (Liverpool, 1782), RB.23.B.929.
    • 112 Liverpool Athenaeum (hereafter LA), Liverpool Poll Book 1780, A New Song.
    • 113 G. Newman, The Rise of English Nationalism: A Cultural History 1740-1830 (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1997), 194-200.
    • 114 P. Woodland, 'Meredith, Sir William, third baronet (bap. 1724, d. 1790)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/18580; accessed 11 June 2015.
    • 116 J. Lindsay, 'Pennant, Richard, Baron Penrhyn (c.1737-1808)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21859, accessed 11 June 2015.
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