LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Journal: Structures
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: civil, TA
This paper presents test results to evaluate the slip and fatigue performance of Resin Injected Bolted\ud Joints (RIBJs) for pultruded Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) material. The objective of the test\ud series is to provide a robust method of connection for structural engineering that is both fatigue and\ud slip resistant. Forty-six joints (using 23 specimens) were subjected to either static or combined\ud static/cyclic loading at ambient room temperature. Ten specimens (five batches of two) had bolted\ud connections without injected resin and were included to provide baseline static joint strengths.\ud Sikadur®-30 and RenGel®-SW404 were the two cold-curing epoxy based resins used to fabricate\ud the 13 RIBJ specimens. Testing was conducted with double lap-shear joints in accordance with\ud modified guidance from Annex G and Annex K in standard BS EN 1090-2:2008. The specimen’s\ud geometry was established using this British Standard and an American Society of Civil Engineers\ud pre-standard for pultruded thin-walled structures. Rectangular plates for the lap joints were cut from\ud either a wide flange section of size 254×254×9.53 mm or a flat sheet of 6.35 mm thickness. Bolting\ud was with either M16 or M20 steel threaded bolts of Grade 8.8. Sixteen specimens, for eight batches\ud of two specimens were failed in a short duration for static strength. Four RIBJ specimens had static\ud load cycling to an assumed service load level. Three specimens out of 23 were subjected to staged\ud static and cyclic fatigue loadings to determine stiffness changes, life-time ‘slip’ load and residual\ud joint strength. The reported results are evaluated for slip and fatigue performance and the main\ud finding is that resin injection shows much promise as a mechanical method of connection in\ud pultruded FRP structures.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • [1] Bank LC. Composites for construction - structural design with FRP materials. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons; 2006.
    • [2] Godwin EW, Matthews FL. A review of the strength of joints in fibre-reinforced plastics: part 1. Mechanically fastened joints. Composites 1980;11(3):155-60.
    • [3] Thoppul SD, Finegan J, Gibson RF. Mechanics of mechanically fastened joints in polymer-matrix composites - a review. Compos Sci Technol 2009;69:301-29.
    • [4] Standard specifications for highway bridges. 17th ed. Washington D.C.: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials; 2002
    • [5] de Jesus AMP, da Silva JFN, Figueiredo MV, Ribeiro AS, Fernandes AA, Correia JAFO, et al. Fatigue behaviour of resin-injected bolts: an experimental approach. Iberian conference on fracture and structural integrity; 2010. p. 17-9 (Porto, Portugal, March 2010).
    • [6] Clarke JL, editor. Structural design of polymer composites - EUROCOMP design code and handbook. London: S. & F. N. Spon; 1996. p. 703-18.
    • [7] Gresnigt AM, Sedlacek G, Paschen M. Injection bolts to repair old bridges; December 22, 2012 349-60(http://www.epicuro.co.uk/uploads/349.pdf).
    • [8] British Standards Institution. Eurocode 3: design of steel structures - part 1-9: fatigue. BS EN 1993-1-9:2005. United Kingdom.
    • [9] Mottram JT. Friction and load transfer in bolted joints of pultruded fibre reinforced polymer section. 2nd International Conference on FRP Composites in Civil Engineering (CICE04). London: Taylor and Francis plc; 2005. p. 845-50.
    • [10] AnonymousThe strategy for sustainable construction. HM government in association with strategic forum for construction; June 2008(www.berr.gov.uk/files/file46535. pdf) (November 11, 2015).
    • [11] Vassilopoulos AP. Fatigue life prediction of composites and composites structures. USA: Woodhead Publishing Limited and CRC Press; 2010.
    • [12] van Wingerde AM, van Delft DRV, Knudsen ES. Fatigue behaviour of bolted connections in pultruded FRP profiles. Plast Rubber Compos 2003;32(2):71-6.
    • [13] Gresnigt AM, Stark JWB. Design of bolted connections with injection bolts. Connections in steel structures III, behaviour, strength & design, proceedings of the third international workshop. Trento, Italy: Pergamon; 29-31 May 1995. p. 77-87.
    • [14] European Convention for Constructional Steelwork (ECCS). European recommendations for bolted connections with injection bolts. ECCS Publication No. 79; 1994.
    • [15] British Standards Institution. Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures Part 2: technical requirements for the execution of steel structures, BS EN 1090-2: 2008. United Kingdom.
    • [16] Pre-standard for Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) of pultruded Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) structures (Final). American Composites Manufacturers Association, American Society of Civil Engineers; November 9, 2010.
    • [17] The new and improved Pultex® pultrusion design manual. Alum Bank, PA.: Creative Pultrusions Inc.; December 22, 2015(www.creativepultrusions.com/library.html).
    • [18] AnonymousStrongwell design manual. Bristol, VA: Strongwell; December 22, 2015(www.strongwell.com/).
    • [19] Qureshi J, Mottram JT. Resin injected bolted connections: a step towards achieving slip-resistant joints in FRP bridge engineering. In: Halliwell S, Whysall C, editors. Proceedings FRP bridges 2012. Chesterfield: NetComposites; 2012. p. 56-66.
    • [20] Smith PA, Ashby MF, Pascoe KJ. Modelling clamp-up effects in composite bolted joints. J Compos Mater 1987;21(10):878-97.
    • [21] Mottram JT. Short- and long-term structural properties of pultruded beam assemblies fabricated using adhesive bonding. Compos Struct 1993;25(1-4):387-95.
    • [22] Scott DW, Lai JS, Zureick A-H. Creep behavior of fiber-reinforced polymeric composites: a review of technical literature. Reinf Plast Compos J 1995;14(6):590-617.
    • [23] Mottram JT. Prediction of net-tension strength for multi-row bolted connections of pultruded material using the Hart-Smith semi-empirical modeling approach. J Compos Constr 2010;14(1):105-14.
    • [24] Matharu NS. Aspects of bolted connections in pultruded fibre reinforced polymer structures. The University of Warwick; September, 2014(PhD thesis).
    • [25] British Standards Institution. Eurocode 0 - basis of structural design. BS EN 1990: 2002. United Kingdom.
  • Inferred research data

    The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    Title Trust
    45
    45%
  • No similar publications.