Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Morleo, Michela; Cook, Penny A.; Elliott, Gill; Phillips-Howard, Penelope (2013)
Publisher: BioMed Central
Journal: BMC Public Health
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Alcohol, Research Article, Adolescents, wa_30, wm_20, ws_460, health_and_wellbeing, Parents, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Background: Developing timely and effective strategies for preventing alcohol misuse in young people is required\ud in order to prevent related harms since, worldwide, alcohol consumption was associated with 320,000 deaths\ud amongst 15–29 year olds in 2004. Providing guidance and advice to parents is essential if alcohol misuse is to be\ud reduced. However, prevention of risky behaviours is hampered if parents are unaware of the risks involved.
\ud Methods: A cross-sectional school-based survey of parent–child dyads, simultaneously questioning 935 children\ud aged 11–17 years old and their parent(s). Univariate and multivariate associations are reported between\ud demography, alcohol behaviours and parental knowledge of their child’s alcohol consumption.
\ud Results: 41.1% (n = 384) of children reported drinking alcohol. Of these, 79.9% of their parents were aware of their\ud child’s alcohol consumption. Children aged 11–14 years had over a twofold greater odds of consuming alcohol\ud without parental knowledge compared with 15–17 year olds (AOR: 2.7, 95% CI: 1.3-5.7). Of parent–child dyads\ud where the child reported consuming alcohol, 92.7% of parents reported that they had spoken to their child about\ud alcohol at least once in the past three months, whereas 57.3% of their children reported that this had occurred.\ud Children who consumed alcohol and whose parents did not know they drank alcohol were less likely to report\ud having a parental discussion about alcohol in the last three months (AOR: 0.4, 95% CI: 0.1-1.0) or report lifetime\ud receipt of at least one other parenting protective measure (AOR: 0.5, 95% CI: 0.2-0.9) compared with those children\ud who drank alcohol with parental knowledge.
\ud Conclusions: Whilst only small numbers of young adolescents in our sample were drinking alcohol compared with\ud older adolescents, those who did were more likely to do so without their parents’ knowledge. These two factors\ud combined (drinking earlier and drinking without parental knowledge) could place children at risk of immediate\ud harm. Further research is essential to identify whether public health strategies should be developed which could\ud support parents to employ lifestyle parenting techniques even before the parent believes the child to be at risk.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. World Health Organization: Global health risks: mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2009.
    • 2. World Health Organization: Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2010.
    • 3. Jernigan DH: Global status report: alcohol and young people. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2001.
    • 4. Morleo M, Hennessey M, Smallthwaite L, Perkin C, Bellis MA: Changes in young people's alcohol consumption and related violence, sex and memory loss. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University; 2011.
    • 5. Fuller E, Sanchez M: Smoking, drinking and drug use among young people in England in 2009. London: NHS Information Centre for Health and Social Care; 2010.
    • 6. Measham F: Turning the tides of intoxication: young people's drinking in Britain in the 2000s. Health Educ 2008, 108:207-222.
    • 7. Bellis MA, Morleo M, Hughes K, Downing J, Wood S, Smallthwaite L, Cook PA: A cross-sectional survey of compliance with national guidance for alcohol consumption by children: measuring risk factors, protective factors and social norms for excessive and unsupervised drinking. BMC Public Health 2010, 10:547.
    • 8. Hibell B, Guttormsson U, Ahlstrom S, Balakireva O, Bjarnason T, Kokkevi A, Kraus L: The 2007 ESPAD report: substance use among students in 35 European countries. Stockholm: Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and other Drugs; 2009.
    • 9. Coleman L, Cater S: Underage 'risky' drinking. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation; 2005.
    • 10. Kiene SM, Barta WD, Tennen H, Armeli S: Alcohol, helping young adults to have unprotected sex with casual partners: findings from a daily diary study of alcohol use and sexual behavior. J Adolesc Health 2009, 44:73-80.
    • 11. Phillips-Howard PA, Bellis MA, Briant LB, Jones H, Downing J, Kelly IE, Bird T, Cook PA: Wellbeing, alcohol use and sexual activity in young teenagers: findings from a cross-sectional survey in school children in North West England. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 2010, 5:27.
    • 12. Local Alcohol Profiles for England. [www.lape.org.uk]
    • 13. van Hoof JJ, Lely N, Bouthoorn SH, van Dalen WE, Pereira RR: Adolescent alcohol intoxication in the Dutch hospital departments of pediatrics: a 2-year comparison study. J Adolesc Health 2010, 48:212-214.
    • 14. Crews F, He J, Hodge C: Adolescent cortical development: a critical period of vulnerability for addiction. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2007, 86:189-199.
    • 15. Stueve A, O'Donnell LN: Early alcohol initiation and subsequent sexual and alcohol risk behaviors among urban youths. Am J Public Health 2005, 95:887-893.
    • 16. Ellickson PL, Tucker JS, Klein DJ: Ten-year prospective study of public health problems associated with early drinking. Pediatrics 2003, 111:949-955.
    • 17. Minimum age limits worldwide. [http://www.icap.org/Table/MinimumAgeLimits Worldwide]
    • 18. Bremner P, Burnett J, Nunney F, Ravat M, Mistral W: Young people, alcohol and influences: a study of young people and their relationship with alcohol. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation; 2011.
    • 19. Morleo M, Cook PA, Bellis MA, Smallthwaite L: Use of fake identification to purchase alcohol amongst 15-16 year olds: a cross-sectional survey examining alcohol access, consumption and harm. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 2010, 5:12.
    • 20. Bellis MA, Hughes K, Morleo M, Tocque K, Hughes S, Allen T, Harrison D, Fe-Rodriguez E: Predictors of risky alcohol consumption in schoolchildren and their implications for preventing alcohol-related harm. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 2007, 2:15.
    • 21. Bellis M, Phillips-Howard P, Hughes K, Hughes S, Cook P, Morleo M, Hannon K, Smallthwaite L, Jones L: Teenage drinking, alcohol availability and pricing: a cross-sectional study of risk and protective factors for alcoholrelated harms in school children. BMC Public Health 2009, 9:380.
    • 22. Foley KL, Altman D, Durant RH, Wolfson M: Adults approval and adolescent alcohol use. J Adolesc Health 2004, 34:345. e317 - 326.
    • 23. Komro KA, Maldonado-Molina MM, Tobler AL, Bonds JR, Muller KE: Effects of home access and availability of alcohol on young adolescents alcohol use. Addiction 2007, 102:1597-1608.
    • 24. Donaldson L: Guidance on the consumption of alcohol by children and young people. London: Department of Health; 2009.
    • 25. O'Donnell L, Stueve A, Duran R, Myint UA, Agronick G, San Doval A, Wilson-Simmons R: Parenting practices, parents' underestimation of daughters' risks, and alcohol and sexual behaviors of urban girls. J Adolesc Health 2008, 42:496-502.
    • 26. Cox L, Sheriff N, Coleman L, Roker D: Parent-young people communication about alcohol. Brighton: Trust for the Study of Adolescence; 2006.
    • 27. Engels RC, Van der Vorst H, Dekovic M, Meeus W: Correspondence in collateral and self-reports on alcohol consumption: a within family analysis. Addict Behav 2007, 32:1016-1030.
    • 28. Mares SH, van der Vorst H, Engels RC, Lichtwarck-Aschoff A: Parental alcohol use, alcohol-related problems, and alcohol-specific attitudes, alcohol-specific communication, and adolescent excessive alcohol use and alcohol-related problems: an indirect path model. Addict Behav 2011, 36:209-216.
    • 29. O'Donnell L, Myint UA, Duran R, Stueve A: Especially for daughters: parent education to address alcohol and sex-related risk taking among urban young adolescent girls. Health Promot Pract 2010, 11:70S-78S.
    • 30. Stace S, Roker D: Monitoring and supervision in 'ordinary' families. London: National Children's Bureau; 2005.
    • 31. Department for Education: Performance Tables 2010. London: Department for Education; 2010.
    • 32. Department of Communities and Local Government: Indices of Deprivation 2007. vol. 2010. London: Department of Communities and Local Government; 2007.
    • 33. Mares SH, Lichtwarck-Aschoff A, Burk WJ, van der Vorst H, Engels RC: Parental alcohol-specific rules and alcohol use from early adolescence to young adulthood. J Child Psychology Psychiatry 2012, 53:798-805.
    • 34. Underage drinking: furnishing alcohol to minors. [http://www.alcoholpolicy. niaaa.nih.gov/Furnishing_Alcohol_to_Minors.html]
    • 35. Schinke SP, Schwinn TM, Fang L: Longitudinal outcomes of an alcohol abuse prevention program for urban adolescents. J Adolesc Health 2010, 46:451-457.
    • 36. Faggiano F, Vigna-Taglianti F, Burkhart G, Bohrn K, Cuomo L, Gregori D, Panella M, Scatigna M, Siliquini R, Varona L, et al: The effectiveness of a school-based substance abuse prevention program: 18-month follow-up of the EU-Dap cluster randomized controlled trial. Drug Alcohol Depend 2010, 108:56-64.
    • 37. Watkins JA, Howard-Barr EM, Moore MJ, Werch CC: The mediating role of adolescent self-efficacy in the relationship between parental practices and adolescent alcohol use. J Adolesc Health 2006, 38:448-450.
    • 38. Stockwell T, Donath S, Cooper-Stanbury M, Chikritzhs T, Catalano P, Mateo C: Under-reporting of alcohol consumption in household surveys: a comparison of quantity-frequency, graduated-frequency and recent recall. Addiction 2004, 99:1024-1033.
    • 39. Fulkerson JA, Pasch KE, Perry CL, Komro K: Relationships between alcoholrelated informal social control, parental monitoring and adolescent problem behaviors among racially diverse urban youth. J Community Health 2008, 33:425-433.
    • 40. van der Vorst H, Engels RC, Meeus W, Dekovic M, Van Leeuwe J: The role of alcohol-specific socialization in adolescents' drinking behaviour. Addiction 2005, 100:1464-1476.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article