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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: P1
Previous research has indicated that the H (high) of a nuclear accent may be realized as a flat stretch of contour rather than as a single turning point. Both the duration of this plateau and its alignment within the accented syllable are affected by the segmental and prosodic structure of the utterance. The present work investigates whether a non-structural variable, namely pitch span, also affects the realization of the plateau. Speakers replicated all-sonorant utterances in different pitch spans. Results show that both the duration and alignment of the plateau vary with pitch span but in ways different from the way they vary with prosodic structure. Importantly, results also indicate that, when using a proportional measure of alignment, the end of the plateau is anchored within the syllable for each speaker and may be a marker of linguistic structure.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

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    • GRPNNUM, N. (1991). Prosodic parameters in a variety of regional Danish standard languages, with a view towards Swedish and German. Phonetica 47, 188-214.
    • "T HART, J. (1981). Differential sensitivity to pitch distance, particularly in speech. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 69, 811-821.
    • HOUSE, D. (1990). Tonal Perception in Speech. Lund: Lund University Press.
    • HOUSE, J., DANKOVICˇ OVA´ , J. & HUCKVALE, M. (1999). Intonational Modelling in ProSynth: An integrated prosodic approach to speech synthesis. Proceedings XIVth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences 3, 2343-2346.
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    • KNIGHT, R.-A. (2004). The realisation of intonational plateaux: effects of foot structure. In Astruc, L. & Richards, M. (eds.), Cambridge Occasional Papers in Linguistics 1, 157-164.
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    • LADD, D. R., FAULKNER, D., FAULKNER, H. & SCHEPMAN, A. (1999). Constant 'segmental anchoring' of F0 movements under changes in speech rate. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 106, 1543-1554.
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    • NOLAN, F. (2002). Intonation in speaker identification: an experiment on pitch alignment features. Forensic Linguistics 9, 1-21.
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    • ROSEN, S. & FOURCIN, A. (1986). Frequency selectivity and the perception of speech. In Moore, B. (ed.), Frequency Selectivity in Hearing, 373-488. London: Academic Press.
    • ROSSI, M. (1971). Le seuil de glissando ou seuil de perception des variations tonales pour les sons de la parole. Phonetica 23, 1-33.
    • SILVERMAN, K. & PIERREHUMBERT, J. (1990). The timing of prenuclear high accents in English. In Kingston, J. & Beckman, M. (eds.), Papers in Laboratory Phonology I: Between the Grammar and Physics of Speech, 72-106. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • STEELE, S. (1986). Nuclear accent F0 peak location: effects of rate, vowel, and number of following syllables. Journal of the Acoustical Society (Supplement 1) 80, s51.
    • WICHMANN, A., HOUSE, J. & RIETVELD, T. (1999). Discourse constraints on peak timing in English: experimental evidence. Proceedings of XIVth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences 3, 1765- 1768.
    • XU, Y. (2002). Articulatory constraints and tonal alignment. In Bel, B. & Marlien, I. (eds.), Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Speech Prosody, Aix-en-Provence, France, 91-100.
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