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Ahearne, G (2016)
Publisher: Hmso
Languages: English
Types: Article
Sex workers are a hidden demographic of the female prison estate. The Corston Report2 called for a new Reducing Reoffending Pathway 9 for women who have engaged in prostitution. Yet this involves having to locate the women who sell sex and having the support in place inside prison. Those engaging in sex work have specific needs relating to health care, securing housing, engaging with charities who assist with safer worker practices and exiting support, and coping with the additional stigma of being a prisoner who also works in the sex industry, particularly in a street-based setting. This paper derives from my Ph.D research at HMP New Hall. There are no official records kept for the number of sex workers in custody. And despite the plethora of research on various elements of the sex industry,3 there is little on the specific group of sex workers in prison.4 My study seeks to be a small part of remedying that shortfall.
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    • 5. Levy, J (2015) Criminalising the Sale of Sex Lessons from Sweden, Oxon: Routledge, p. 12; Sanders, T (2006) 'Sexing Up the Subject: Methodological Nuances in Researching the Female Sex Industry', Sexualities, 9, pp. 449-468.
    • 6. Davis, P (2013) Reading and the Reader The Literary Agenda, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    • 7. O'Neill, M (2001) Prostitution & Feminism Towards a Politics of Feeling, Cambridge: Polity Press; Sweeney, M (2008) 'Books as Bombs: Incendiary Reading Practices in Women's Prisons', Theories and Methodologies, pp. 666-672.
    • 8. Brooks, A & Johnson, R (2010) 'Exposed Yet Unrevealed: Reflections on the Poetry of Women Prisoners', Gender Issues, Vol. 27, pp. 146-164.
    • 9. Billington, J & Robinson, J (2014) An Evaluation of a Pilot Study of a Literature Based Intervention with Women in Prison, CRILS, University of Liverpool.
    • 10. Billington, J; Dowrick, C; Hamer, A; Robinson, J & Williams, C (2010) An investigation into the therapeutic benefits of reading in relation to depression and well-being, Liverpool: Liverpool Health Inequalities Research.
    • 11. Sweeney, M (2012) (ed.) The Story Within Us Women Prisoners Reflect on Reading, Illinois: University of Illinois.
    • 12. ibid.
    • 13. Goffman, E (2009) Stigma Notes of the management of spoiled identity, London: Penguin.
    • 14. Balfour, R & Allen, J (2014) A Review of the Literature on Sex Workers and Social Exclusion, London: University College London Institute of Health Equity, p.9.
    • 15. Home Office (2009) Policing and Crime Act 2009, London: HMSO.
    • 16. Home Office (2010b) Home Office Circular 006/2010: Policing and Crime Act 2009 - New Prostitution Provisions, London: Home Office.
    • 17. Home Office (2004) Paying the Price: A Consultation Paper on Prostitution, London: Home Office.
    • 18. Home Office (2006) A Coordinated Prostitution Strategy and a Summary of Responses to Paying the Price, London: Home Office.
    • 19. Levy, J (2015) Criminalising the Sale of Sex Lessons from Sweden, Oxon: Routledge.
    • 20. Eaves, (2008) Big Brothel A Survey Of The Off-Street Sex Industry In London, London: The Poppy Project.
    • 21. Matthews, R; Easton, H; Young, L & Bindel, J (2014) Exiting Prostitution A Study in Female Desistance, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.
    • 22. Bourdieu, P (1984) Distinction, Oxon: Routledge.
    • 23. Maher, J; Pickering, S & Gerard, A (2013) Sex Work Labour, mobility and sexual services, Oxfordshire: Routledge.
    • 24. Chapkis, W (1997) Live Sex Acts: Women Performing Erotic Labour, London: Routledge; Oerton, S and Phoenix, J (2001) Sex/Body Work: Discourses and Practices, Sexualities: Studies in Culture and Society, 4;4, pp.387-412; Phipps, A (2014) The Politics of the Body, Cambridge: Polity Press, p. 94.
    • 25. O'Connell-Davidson, J (1995) 'The anatomy of 'free choice' prostitution', Gender, Work & Organisation, 2, 1, pp.1-10, p.8.
    • 26. Scoular, J; Carline, A (2014) 'A critical account of a 'creeping neo-abolitionism': Regulating prostitution in England and Wales', Criminology and Criminal Justice, 14, 5, pp. 608-626.
    • 27. Ibid, p.610.
    • 28. Sanders, T (2009)'Controlling the 'Anti Sexual' City: Sexual Citizenship and the Disciplining of Female Street Sex Workers', Criminology and Criminal Justice, 9, pp.507-525, p.512.
    • 29. Ibid.
    • 30. Farley, M (2003) 'Prostitution and the Invisibility of Harm', Women and Therapy, 26, 3/4 pp. 247-280.
    • 31. O'Connell-Davidson, (1998) Prostitution, Power and Freedom, Malden: Polity Press, p. 110.
    • 32. Atkins, H (2010) 'What Judges think about prostitution' Assessing the considerations and measures employed by members of the judiciary for sentencing women who sell sex, The Griffins Society, p. 17; Brooks-Gordon, B (2006) The Price of Sex, Prostitution Policy and Society, Devon: Willan, p. 64.
    • 33. Kingston, S (2014) Prostitution in the Community, Oxon: Routledge, p. 32.
    • 34. Campbell, J (2015) First Women jailed for breaching order against prostitution in Hessle, Hull: Hull Daily Mail, Available at: http://www.hulldailymail.co.uk/woman-jailed-breaching-order-prostitution-Hessle/story-26864715-detail/story.html
    • 35. Balfour, R & Allen, J (2014) A Review of the Literature on Sex Workers and Social Exclusion, London: University College London Institute of Health Equity, p. 9.
    • 36. Ministry of Justice, (2013) Gender Differences in Substance Misuse and Mental Health Amongst Prisoners, London: Ministry of Justice.
    • 37. O'Brien, M; Mortimer, L; Singleton, N and Meltzer, H (2003) 'Psychiatric Morbidity among young women prisoners in England and Wales', International Review of Psychiatry, 15, 1, pp. 153-157.
    • 38. Women in Prison, (2015) Key Facts: Women in Prison, Available at: http://www.womeninprison.org.uk/research/key-facts.php
    • 39. WHO [World Health Organisation], (2009) Women's Health in Prison: Correcting Gender Inequality in Health, Copenhagan, Denmark, : WHO Regional Office for Europe.
    • 40. Carline, A; Scoular, J (2013) 'Saving Fallen Women Now? Critical Perspectives on Engagement and Support Orders and their Policy of Forced Welfarism', Social Policy and Society, 14 (1), pp.103-112.
    • 41. Carlton, B & Segrave, M (2013) Women Exiting Prison Critical essays on gender, post-release support and survival, Oxon, Routledge, p. 43.
    • 42. Ibid.
    • 43. Ibid.
    • 44. Sanders, T & Scoular, D (eds.) (2010) Regulating Sex/Work: From Crime Control to Neo-liberalism?, Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, p. 9.
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