Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Phillips, N.J. (2016)
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Languages: English
Types: Article
This essay reflects on Robert W. Cox’s work on global production, labour and labour governance, and considers how his insights might illuminate the present conjuncture for labour in production. I work with an understanding of that conjuncture as involving the rise to pre-eminence of global production networks (GPNs) and global value chains (GVCs) as the contemporary expression of the ongoing globalization of production. The primary tasks of the essay are two-fold: first, to explore the dynamics of labour and power in the GVC-based global economy, with a particular emphasis on labour exploitation; and second, to link these questions to those of the governance of the global economy, focusing on the shift towards transnational private governance as the dominant mode of contemporary governance, and on the evolving strategies of organized labour and the International Labour Organization in that context.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1 2 Anner, M., Bair, J., & Blasi, J. (2013). Towards joint liability in global supply chains: Addressing the root causes of labor violations in international subcontracting networks. Comparative Labor Law and Policy Journal, 35(1), 1 - 43.
    • Barrientos, S. (2013). 'Labour chains': Analysing the role of labour contractors in global production networks. Journal of Development Studies, 49(8), 1058 - 1071.
    • Barrientos, S., Gereffi, G., & Rossi, A. (2011). Economic and social upgrading in global production networks: A new paradigm for a changing world. International Labour Review, 150(3 - 4), 319 - 340.
    • Bieler, A. (2014). Transnational labour solidarity in (the) crisis. Global Labour Journal, 5(2), 114 - 133.
    • Bieler, A., Lindberg, I., & Sauerborn, W. (2010). After thirty years of deadlock: Labour's possible strategies in the new global order. Globalizations, 7(1 - 2), 247 - 260.
    • Cattaneo, O., Gereffi, G., & Staritz, C. (2010). Global value chains in a post-crisis world: Resilience, consolidation and shifting end markets. In O. Cattaneo, G. Gereffi, & C. Staritz (Eds.), Global value chains in a post-crisis world: A development perspective (pp. 3 - 20). Washington, DC: World Bank.
    • Cox, R. W. (1973 - 1974). Labour relations and public policy: Perspectives on the future. The Dalhousie Law Journal, 1(1), 82 - 104.
    • Cox, R. W. (1976). Labor and the multinationals. Foreign Affairs, 54, 345 - 365.
    • Cox, R. W. (1977). Labor and hegemony. International Organization, 31(3), 385 - 424.
    • Cox, R. W. (1999). Civil society at the turn of the millennium. Review of International Studies, 25(1), 3 - 28.
    • Davies, M., & Ryner, M. (Eds.). (2006). Poverty and the production of world politics: Unprotected workers in the global political economy. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
    • Esbenshade, J. (2012). A review of private regulation: Codes and monitoring in the apparel industry. Sociology Compass, 6(7), 541 - 556.
    • Frobel, F., Heinrichs, J., & Kreye, O. (1980). The new international division of labor: Structural unemployment in industrialized countries and industrialization in developing countries. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Gereffi, G. (2014). Global value chains in a post-Washington consensus world. Review of International Political Economy, 21(1), 9 - 37.
    • Gereffi, G., Humphrey, J., & Sturgeon, T. (2005). The governance of global value chains. Review of International Political Economy, 12(1), 78 - 104.
    • Gibbon, P., & Ponte, S. (2005). Trading down: Africa, value chains and the global economy. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.
    • Grossman, G., & Rossi-Hansberg, E. (2008). Trading tasks: A simple theory of offshoring. American Economic Review, 98(5), 1978 - 1997.
    • Guarin, A., & Knorringa, P. (2014). 'New' middle class consumers in rising powers: Responsible consumption and private standards. Oxford Development Studies, 42(2), 151 - 171.
    • Harrod, J. (1987). Power, production and the unprotected worker. New York: Columbia University Press.
    • Hickey, S., & du Toit, A. (2007). Adverse incorporation, social exclusion and chronic poverty (Chronic Poverty Research Centre Working Papers series, no. 81). University of Manchester.
    • International Labour Organization. (2015). World employment social outlook: The changing nature of jobs. Geneva: Author.
    • Kaplinsky, R. (2005). Globalization, poverty and inequality. Cambridge: Polity.
    • Kaplinsky, R., & Farooki, M. (2010). Global value chains, the crisis, and the shift of markets from North to South. In O. Cattaneo, G. Gereffi, & C. Staritz (Eds.), Global value chains in a postcrisis world: A development perspective (pp. 125 - 153). Washington, DC: World Bank.
    • Knorringa, P. (2014). Private governance and social legitimacy in production. In A. Payne, & N. Phillips (Eds.), The handbook of the international political economy of governance (pp. 261 - 278). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
    • Lerche, J. (2007). A global alliance against forced labour? Unfree labour, neo-liberal globalization and the international labour organization. Journal of Agrarian Change, 7(4), 425 - 452.
    • Locke, R. (2013). The promise and limits of private power: Promoting labor standards in a global economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Mayer, F. W., & Phillips, N. (2015, June 15 - 17). Outsourcing governance: The politics of a 'global value chain world'. Presented at the annual conference of the British International Studies Association, London, UK.
    • Milanovic, B. (2003). The two faces of globalization: Against globalization as we know it. World Development, 31(4), 667 - 683.
    • Milberg, W., & Winkler, D. (2013). Outsourcing economics: Global value chains in capitalist development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Mosley, L. (2011). Labor rights and multinational production. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    • Nathan, D., & Kalpana, V. (2007). Issues in the analysis of global value chains and their impact on employment and incomes in India. Geneva: International Institute for Labour Studies.
    • Neilson, J., Pritchard, B., & Yeung, H. W.-C. (2014). Global value chains and global production networks in the changing international political economy. Review of International Political Economy, 21(1), 1 - 8.
    • O'Brien, R. (2000). Workers and world order: The tentative transformation of the international union movement. Review of International Studies, 26(4), 533 - 555.
    • Phillips, N. (2011). Informality, global production networks and the dynamics of 'adverse incorporation'. Global Networks, 11(3), 380 - 397.
    • Phillips, N. (2013). Unfree labour and adverse incorporation in the global economy: Comparative perspectives from Brazil and India. Economy and Society, 42(2), 171 - 196.
    • Phillips, N., & Mieres, F. (2014). The governance of forced labour in the global economy. Globalizations. doi:10.1080/ 14747731.2014.932507: 1 - 17
    • Ponte, S. (2008). Developing a 'vertical' dimension to chronic poverty research: Some lessons from global value chain analysis (Chronic Poverty Research Centre Working Paper series, no. 111). University of Manchester.
    • Rogaly, B. (2008). Migrant workers in the ILO's global alliance against forced labour report: A critical appraisal. Third World Quarterly, 29(7), 1431 - 1447.
    • Ruggie, J. G. (2013). Just business: Multinational corporations and human rights. New York, NY: W.W. Norton.
    • Sadler, D., & Lloyd, S. (2009). Neo-liberalising corporate social responsibility: A political economy of corporate citizenship. Geoforum, 40, 613 - 622.
    • Sagafi-Nejad, T. (2008). The UN and transnational corporations: From code of conduct to global compact. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    • Schierup, C.-U., & Castles, S. (2011). Migration, minorities and welfare states. In N. Phillips (Ed.), Migration in the global political economy (pp. 15 - 40). Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
    • Seidman, G. W. (2008). Transnational labour campaigns: Can the logic of the market be turned against itself? Development and Change, 39(6), 991 - 1003.
    • Selwyn, B. (2013). Social upgrading and labour in global production networks: A critique and an alternative conception. Competition and Change, 17(1), 75 - 90.
    • Shamir, R. (2004). The de-radicalization of corporate social responsibility. Critical Sociology, 30(3), 669 - 689.
    • Taylor, M. (2011). Race you to the bottom . . . and back again? The uneven development of corporate codes of conduct. New Political Economy, 16(4), 445 - 462.
    • Tilly, C. (1998). Durable inequality. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. (2007). Trade and development report 2007: Regional cooperation for development. Geneva: Author.
    • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. (2013). World investment report 2013: Global value chains: Investment and trade for development. Geneva: Author.
    • United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. (2013). International migration 2013: Migrants by origin and destination (Population Facts no 2013/3). Retrieved from http://esa.un.org/unmigration/documents/PF_SouthSouth_migration_2013.pdf
    • Utting, P. (2008). The struggle for corporate accountability. Development and Change, 39(6), 959 - 975.
    • Utting, P. (2010). CSR and policy incoherence. In K. MacDonald, & S. Marshall (Eds.), Fair trade, corporate accountability and beyond: Experiments in globalizing justice (pp. 169 - 186). Farnham: Ashgate.
    • Vogel, D. (2010). The private regulation of global corporate conduct: Achievements and limitations. Business and Society, 49(1), 68 - 87.
    • Vosko, L. F. (2002). 'Decent work': The shifting role of the ILO and the struggle for global social justice. Global Social Policy, 2(1), 19- 46.
    • Wells, D. (2007). Too weak for the job: Corporate codes of conduct, non-governmental organizations and the regulation of international labour standards. Global Social Policy, 7(1), 51 - 74.
    • Wood, G. (2003). Staying secure, staying poor: The 'Faustian bargain'. World Development, 31(3), 455 - 471.
    • World Bank. (2012, 29 February). An update to the World Bank's estimates of consumption poverty in the developing world (briefing note). Retrieved from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTPOVCALNET/Resources/Global_ Poverty_Update_2012_02-29-12.pdf
    • Yeung, H. W.-C. (2014). Governing the market in a globalizing era: Developmental states, global production networks and inter-firm dynamics in East Asia. Review of International Political Economy, 21(1), 70 - 101.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article