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Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:
The uptake in Europe of Energy from Waste (EfW) incinerator plants has increased rapidly in recent years. In the UK, 25 municipal waste incinerators with energy recovery are now in operation; however, their waste supply chains and business practices vary significantly. With over a hundred more plant developments being considered it is important to establish best business practices for ensuring efficient environmental and operational performance. By reviewing the 25 plants we identify four suitable case study plants to compare technologies (moving grate, fluidised bed and rotary kiln), plant economics and operations. Using data collected from annual reports and through interviews and site visits we provide recommendations for improving the supply chain for waste incinerators and highlight the current issues and challenges faced by the industry. We find that plants using moving grate have a high availability of 87-92%. However, compared to the fluidised bed and rotary kiln, quantities of bottom ash and emissions of hydrogen chloride and carbon monoxide are high. The uptake of integrated recycling practices, combined heat and power, and post incineration non-ferrous metal collections needs to be increased among EfW incinerators in the UK. We conclude that one of the major difficulties encountered by waste facilities is the appropriate selection of technology, capacity, site, waste suppliers and heat consumers. This study will be of particular value to EfW plant developers, government authorities and researchers working within the sector of waste management.
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    • 3. Case studies
    • In accordance with Article 12(2) of the Waste Incineration Directive (2000/76/EC), operators
    • the functioning and monitoring of their plant to the UK Environment Agency (2013). Using
    • these reports to review waste incinerators in the UK reveals that, as of May 2013, there are 25
    • 29,000 to 750,000 tonnes of MSW per annum (tpa), and that 23 utilise moving grate
    • technology, 1 is based on the rotary kiln and 1 uses a fluidised bed (see Table 1). Four case
    • plants in the UK as they vary in capacity (56 - 500 thousand tonnes of MSW per annum),
    • (merchant plant, private finance initiative) and processes for waste management in general. 1. SELCHP (South East London Combined Heat and Power Ltd) is an energy recovery facility opened in 1994 and receives a total of 420,000 tonnes of MSW per year from the London boroughs of Lewisham, Greenwich, City of Westminster, Bromley, and Southwark, and the Greater London area. SELCHP is also operated by Veolia Environmental Services, a worldwide company specialising in the management of waste. London'MsSW generation rate is estimated at around 6 million tpa (SELCHP, 2012). 2. Allington Quarry Waste Management Facility is located in Kent and has been operated by Kent Enviropower Ltd since 2008. The facility can receive up to 500,000 tonnes of non-hazardous waste per year and 80,000 tonnes of recycled waste to be sorted. In 2008/09, households in Kent were estimated to generate over 750,000 tonnes of MSW per annum (Kent Enviropower Ltd, 2012b). 3. Tyseley Energy Recovery Facility handles MSW and hazardous waste from the city of Birmingham. The plant is operated by Veolia Environmental Services and receives 350,000 tonnes of MSW per annum. 4. NewLincs Integrated Waste Management Facility is a small plant that has been operated by NewLincs Developments Ltd since 2003. The facility receives 56,000 tonnes of MSW deliveries a year from North East Lincolnshire council. The plant also 5
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