LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Publisher: Elsevier
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: food and beverages
There is now an increasing debate about the viability of using temperate-grown legumes in pig diets as a potential replacement for imported soya bean meal (SBM) and this is due to food security, sustainability and environmental concerns. Two trials were designed to examine nitrogen (N) retention, growth performance and carcass quality of grower and finisher pigs when fed nutritionally balanced SBM-free diets formulated to contain peas or faba beans at 300 g/kg, compared to an SBM-containing, pulse-free control diet. Trial 1 evaluated N digestibility/retention in four iso-energetic diets, comparing the SBM control with one diet formulated with peas and two with faba bean cultivars; a tannin-containing and a tannin-free variety. This trial employed a four by four Latin Square design with four male pigs housed in metabolism crates, fed twice daily at 0.9 of assumed ad libitum intake over four time periods during grower (30–55 kg) and finisher (55–95 kg) phases. Quantitative faecal and urine collection allowed determination of N coefficient of total tract apparent digestibility, coefficient of apparent metabolisability, and N balance. Results revealed that dietary treatment did not affect these N parameters (P > 0.05) during either the grower or finisher phase. Trial 2 evaluated growth performance (feed intake, daily live weight gain and feed conversion ratio) and carcass quality parameters. Five diets (based on SBM, peas and one of three faba bean cultivars) balanced for standard ileal digestible amino acids and net energy were each fed to eight replicates of individually housed entire male pigs over the same growth phases as Trial 1. The inclusion of three faba bean varieties allowed comparison of animal responses between tannin/tannin-free and spring vs. winter bean cultivars. At ∼95 kg, pigs were slaughtered and a comprehensive range of carcass measurements undertaken. Samples of shoulder backfat were also taken at slaughter to determine skatole and indole concentrations. As with N balance, feeding treatment did not affect performance data. Carcass parameters revealed pigs fed with the pea-based diet had a greater dressing percentage than those animals on faba bean-based diets. Pigs fed with the SBM or pea-based diets also had greater lean meat percentages than those on faba-bean diets. Mean skatole concentrations for all pigs were below the accepted maximum threshold level of 0.2 μg/g. In conclusion, it is suggested that peas and faba beans can be successfully fed in balanced pig diets throughout the grower/finisher periods as alternatives to SBM.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Annor-Frempong, I.E., Nute, G.R., Whittington, F.W., Wood, J.D., 1997. The problem of taint in pork .2. The influence of skatole, androstenone and indole, presented individually and in combination in a model lipid base, on odour perception. Meat Science 47, 49-61.
    • Castell, A.G., Guenter, W., Igbasan, F.A., 1996. Nutritive value of peas for nonruminant diets. Animal Feed Science and Technology 60, 209-227.
    • Crépon, K., 2006. Nutritional values of legumes (pea and faba bean) and economics of their use., Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition, Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK, pp. 332- 366.
    • Crépon, K., Marget, P., Peyronnet, C., Carrouee, B., Arese, P., Duc, G., 2010. Nutritional value of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) seeds for feed and food. Field Crops Research 115, 329-339.
    • DEFRA, 2013. Nitrate Vulnerable Zones. Retrieved on 20 March 2013 from http://www.defra.gov.uk/food-farm/land-manage/nitrates-watercourses/nitrates
    • Fowler, V.R., Livingstone, R.M., 1977. Replacement of soya bean as protein concentrate in pig diets by field beans (Vicia-fabia) and field peas (Pisum-sativum). Animal Production 24, 138-138.
    • Garrido, M.D., Pedauye, J., Banon, S., Laencina, J., 1994. Objective assessment of pork quality. Meat Science 37, 411-420.
    • Gatel, F., 1994. Protein quality of legume seeds for non-ruminant animals - A literature review. Animal Feed Science and Technology 45, 317-348.
    • Jezierny, D., Mosenthin, R., Bauer, E., 2010. The use of grain legumes as a protein source in pig nutrition: A review. Animal Feed Science and Technology 157, 111-128.
    • Leinonen, I., Williams, A.G., Waller, A.H., Kyriazakis, I., 2013. Comparing the environmental impacts of alternative protein crops in poultry diets: The consequences of uncertainty. Agricultural Systems 121, 33-42.
    • Lundström, K., Malmfors, B., Stern, S., Rydhmer, L., Eliasson-Selling, L., Mortensen, A.B., Mortensen, H.P., 1994. Skatole levels in pigs selected for high lean tissue growth rate on different dietary protein levels. Livestock Production Science 38, 125-132.
    • Lundstrom, K., Matthews, K.R., Haugen, J.E., 2009. Pig meat quality from entire males. Animal 3, 1497-1507.
    • Madsen, A., Oesterballe, R., Mortensen, H.P., Bejerholm, C., Barton, P., 1990. Foderets indflytelse paa ravarekvaliteten hos slagtesvin, 1. Tapiokamel, skummetmaelkspulver, aerter, rapskager, rapsfro, halm, havre og nogen havre. Beretning fra Statens Husdyrbrugsforsoeg, 673.
    • Masey O'Neill, H.V., Rademacher, M., Mueller-Harvey, I., Stringano, E., Kightley, S., Wiseman, J., 2012. Standardised ileal digestibility of crude protein and amino acids of UK-grown peas and faba beans by broilers. Animal Feed Science and Technology 175, 158-167.
    • Mateos, G.G., Puchal, F., 1980. Faba beans as a protein source for growing-finishing pigs. Journal of Animal Science 51, 72-73.
    • Mavromichalis, I., 2012. Nutrition FAQ: Minor legumes., Pig Progress, p. 4.
    • O'Doherty, J.V., Keady, U., 2000. The nutritive value of extruded and raw peas for growing and finishing pigs. Animal Science 70, 265-274.
    • Pearson, G., Smith, W.C., 1989. Effect of inclusion rate of peas (Pisum sativum var Pania) in the diet on the performance of growing pigs. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 32, 117- 120.
    • Prandini, A., Sigolo, S., Morlacchini, M., Cerioli, C., Masoero, F., 2011. Pea (Pisum sativum) and faba bean (Vicia faba L.) seeds as protein sources in growing-finishing heavy pig diets: effect on Stein, H.H., Everts, A.K.R., Sweeter, K.K., Peters, D.N., Maddock, R.J., Wulf, D.M., Pedersen, C., 2006. The influence of dietary field peas (Pisum sativum L.) on pig performance, carcass quality, and the palatability of pork. Journal of Animal Science 84, 3110-3117.
    • Topp, C.F.E., Houdijk, J.G.M., Tarsitano, D., Tolkamp, B.J., Kyriazakis, I., 2012. Quantifying the environmental benefits of using home grown protein sources as alternatives to soyabean meal in pig production through lifecycle assessment., Advances in Animal Biosciences, p. 15.
    • Trial 2 Grower phase (35-55kg) Finisher phase (55-95kg)
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article