LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Publisher: PsychOpen
Journal: Journal of Social and Political Psychology
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: legitimising ideologies, caste system in India, BF, right-wing authoritarianism, social dominance theory, conformity bias, Psychology, BF1-990, self-categorisation, social identity, legitimising ideologies; right-wing authoritarianism; social dominance theory; conformity bias; caste system in India; self-categorisation; social identity, HT
We contextualise Cotterill, Sidanius, Bhardwaj, and Kumar’s (2014) paper within a broader literature on caste and collective mobilisation. Cotterill and colleagues’ paper represents a fresh and timely attempt to make sense of the persistence of caste from the perspective of Social Dominance Theory. Cotterill and colleagues, however, do not examine caste differences in the endorsement of karma, and take behavioural asymmetry among lower castes for granted. Cotterill and colleagues also adhere to a Varna model of the caste system that arguably is simplistic and benefits the upper castes of Indian society. We caution that emphasising behavioural asymmetry and endorsing the Varna model might further stigmatise lower castes, especially Dalits, and feed into a conformity bias already predominant in caste-related psychological research. We argue that the conceptualisation and operationalisation of Right-Wing Authoritarianism, Social Dominance Orientation and legitimising myths in the Indian context needs to take into account the particular meaning and functions of these constructs in specific intergroup contexts, and for identity positions salient within these contexts. We contend that any examination aimed at better understanding the nature of social hierarchy and oppression within the caste system and Indian society in general remains inconclusive without including a focus on the construction and contestation of social categories and social identities.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Altemeyer, B. (1981). Right-wing authoritarianism. Winnipeg, Canada: University of Manitoba Press.
    • Ambedkar, B. R. (2002). The essential writings of B.R. Ambedkar (V. Rodrigues, Ed.). New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.
    • Anant, S. S. (1967). Child training and caste personality: The need for further research. Race & Class, 8, 385-394. doi:10.1177/030639686700800404
    • Asvaghosha. (2002). Vajra Suchi. Retrieved from http://www.sacred-texts.com/journals/jras/tr03-08.htm (Original work published 1835)
    • Bagade, U. (2006). Maharashtraateel prabodhan aani Varga-Jati prabhutva [The enlightenment in maharashtra and class-caste hegemony]. Pune, India: Sugava Publications.
    • Baxi, U. (1995). Emancipation as justice: Babasaheb Ambedkar's legacy and vision. In U. Baxi & B. C. Parekh (Eds.), Crisis and change in contemporary India (pp. 112-149). New Delhi, India: Sage.
    • Bayly, S. (2001). Caste, society and politics in India from the eighteenth century to the modern age (The new Cambridge history of India, Vol. 3). New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    • Berreman, G. (1991). The Brahminical view of caste. In D. Gupta (Ed.), Social stratification (pp. 84-92). New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.
    • Béteille, A. (1996). Varna and Jati. Sociological Bulletin, 45, 15-27.
    • Bilewicz, M., Soral, W., Marchlewska, M., & Winiewski, M. (2015). When authoritarians confront prejudice: Differential effects of SDO and RWA on support for hate-speech prohibition. Political Psychology. Advance online publication. doi:10.1111/pops.12313
    • Branscombe, N. R., Schmitt, M. T., & Harvey, R. D. (1999). Perceiving pervasive discrimination among African Americans: Implications for group identification and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 135-149. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.77.1.135
    • Chakravarti, U. (2003). Gendering caste: Through a feminist lens. Calcutta, India: Stree.
    • Charsley, S. R., & Karanth, G. K. (Eds.). (1998). Challenging untouchability: Dalit initiative and experience from Karnataka. New Delhi, India: Sage.
    • Cotterill, S., Sidanius, J., Bhardwaj, A., & Kumar, V. (2014). Ideological support for the Indian caste system: Social dominance orientation, right-wing authoritarianism and karma. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 2, 98-116. doi:10.5964/jspp.v2i1.171
    • Crocker, J., & Major, B. (1989). Social stigma and self-esteem: The self-protective properties of stigma. Psychological Review, 96, 608-630. doi:10.1037/0033-295X.96.4.608
    • Das, B. (2000). Moments in a history of reservations. Economic and Political Weekly, 35, 3831-3834.
    • Deliege, R. (1992). Replication and consensus: Untouchability, caste and ideology in India. Man, 27, 155-173. doi:10.2307/2803599
    • Desai, M. N. (1953). The diary of Mahdev Desai (Vol. 1). Retrieved from https://www.gandhiheritageportal.org/fundamental-workdetail/the-diary-of-mahadev-desai-vol-I#page/70/mode/2up
    • Desai, S., & Dubey, A. (2012). Caste in 21st century India: Competing narratives. Economic and Political Weekly, 46, 40-49.
    • Dirks, N. B. (2001). Castes of mind: Colonialism and the making of modern India. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
    • Duckitt, J., Wagner, C., du Plessis, I., & Birum, I. (2002). The psychological bases of ideology and prejudice: Testing a dual process model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 75-93. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.83.1.75
    • Dumont, L. (1980). Homo hierarchicus: The caste system and its implications (G. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, Ltd., Trans.). Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press. (Original work published 1966)
    • Dumont, L. (1991). Hierarchy, status and power: The caste system and its implications. In D. Gupta (Ed.), Social stratification (pp. 471-491). New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.
    • Foucault, M. (1980). Power/knowledge: Selected interviews and other writings, 1972-1977. New York, NY, USA: Pantheon.
    • Gellner, D. N., & Quigley, D. (1995). Contested hierarchies: A collaborative ethnography of caste among the Newars of the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Oxford, United Kingdom: Clarendon Press.
    • Gorringe, H. (2005). Untouchable citizens: Dalit movements and democratization in Tamil Nadu. New Delhi, India: Sage.
    • Gupta, D. (2000). Interrogating caste: Understanding hierarchy and difference in Indian society. New Delhi, India: Penguin.
    • Gupta, D. (2005). Caste and politics: Identity over system. Annual Review of Anthropology, 34, 409-427. doi:10.1146/annurev.anthro.34.081804.120649
    • Guru, G. (2001). The language of Dalit-Bahujan political discourse. In M. Mohanty (Ed.), Class, caste and gender: Readings in Indian government and politics (pp. 256-267). New Delhi, India: Sage.
    • Hardtmann, E.-M. (2009). The Dalit movement in India: Local practices, global connections. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.
    • Hebbar, N. (2015, September 30). No upper caste CM if NDA wins in Bihar: BJP. The Hindu. Retrieved from http://www.thehindu.com.
    • Jaffrelot, C. (2005). Dr. Ambedkar and untouchability: Analysing and fighting caste. Mumbai, India: Orient BlackSwan.
    • Jaffrelot, C. (2013). [Foreword]. In S. Waghmore, Civility against caste: Dalit politics and citizenship in western India (pp. xi-xiii). New Delhi, India: Sage.
    • Jaffrelot, C. (2016, February 23). Why Jats want a quota. The Indian Express. Retrieved from http://indianexpress.com
    • Jodhka, S. S. (2015). Caste in contemporary India. New Delhi, India: Routledge.
    • Jogdand, P. G. (2007). Reservation policy and the empowerment of Dalits. In S. M. Michael (Ed.), Dalits in modern India: Vision and values (pp. 325-335). New Delhi, India: Sage.
    • Jogdand, N. K. (2016, January 31). Bhartachya samajik itihasatla vishmatavirodhi sangharsh: Ek ruprekha [Struggle against inequality in social history of India: An outline]. Sakal. Retrieved from http://online5.esakal.com
    • Jogdand, Y. A. (2010). Caste and humiliation: Impact of humiliation on personal and collective self-esteem, emotional experience and ingroup identification among Dalit students (Unpublished master's thesis). Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.
    • Joshi, T. L. (1996). Jotirao Phule (D. Agarwal, Trans.). New Delhi, India: National Book Trust.
    • Juergensmeyer, M. (1982). Religion as social vision: The movement against untouchability in 20th century Punjab. Oakland, CA, USA: University of California Press.
    • Keer, D. (1997). Mahatma Jotirao Phule: Father of our social revolution. Pune, India: Popular.
    • Khan, S. S. (2011). Hindutva: A social psychological examination of the structure, content and intergroup consequences of Hindu nationalism in India (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.
    • Khare, R. S. (1984). The Untouchable as himself: Ideology, identity, and pragmatism among the Lucknow Chamars. New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    • Leach, C. W., & Livingstone, A. G. (2015). Contesting the meaning of intergroup disadvantage: Towards a psychology of resistance. The Journal of Social Issues, 71(3), 614-632. doi:10.1111/josi.12131
    • Leach, C. W., Mosquera, P. M. R., Vliek, M. L. W., & Hirt, E. (2010). Group devaluation and group identification. The Journal of Social Issues, 66(3), 535-552. doi:10.1111/j.1540-4560.2010.01661.x
    • Mahadevan, T. M. P. (1971). Outlines of Hinduism. Mumbai, India: Chetna Publications.
    • Majeed, A., & Ghosh, E. (1989). Affective syndrome crises in scheduled castes. Social Change, 19, 90-94.
    • Marx, K. (1975). Marx and Engels Collected Works (Vol. 12). London, United Kingdom: Lawrence and Wishart. (Original work published 1853)
    • Mavor, K. I., Macleod, C. J., Boal, M. J., & Louis, W. R. (2009). Right-wing authoritarianism, fundamentalism and prejudice revisited: Removing suppression and statistical artefact. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 592-597. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2008.12.016
    • Mencher, J. P. (1974). The caste system upside down, or the not-so-mysterious east. Current Anthropology, 15, 469-493. doi:10.1086/201505
    • Mhaskar, S. (2014). Locating caste in a globalising Indian city: A study of Dalit ex-millworkers' occupational choices in post-industrial Mumbai. In C. Still (Ed.), Dalits in neoliberal India: Mobility or marginalisation? (pp. 107-132). New Delhi, India: Routledge.
    • Mishra, A. K., Akoijam, B., & Misra, G. (2009). Social psychological perspectives on self and identity. In G. Misra (Ed.), Psychology in India: Vol. 2. Social and organizational processes (pp. 52-103). New Delhi, India: Pearson.
    • Moffatt, M. (1979). An untouchable community in South India: Structure and consensus. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
    • Moscovici, S. (1976). Social influence and social change. London, United Kingdom: Academic Press.
    • Mosse, D. (1994). Idioms of subordination and styles of protest among Christian and Hindu Harijan castes in Tamil Nadu. Contributions to Indian Sociology, 28, 67-106. doi:10.1177/006996694028001003
    • Nagraj, D. R. (2010). The falming feet and other essays: The Dalit movement in India (P. Datta & C. Shobhi, Eds). Ranikhet, India: Permanent Black.
    • Narula, S. (1999). Broken people: Caste violence against India's "Untouchables". New York, NY, USA: Human Rights Watch.
    • National Crime Records Bureau. (2013). Crime in India. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Home Affairs.
    • National Human Rights Commission. (2004). Report on prevention of atrocities against scheduled castes. New Delhi, India: K B Saxena.
    • O'Hanlon, R. (1985). Caste, conflict and ideology: Mahatma Jotirao Phule and low caste protest in nineteenth-century Western India. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
    • Omvedt, G. (2011). Understanding caste: From Buddha to Ambedkar and beyond. Mumbai, India: Orient Blackswan.
    • Pai, S. (2013). Dalit assertion. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.
    • Palshikar, S. (1996). Gandhi-Ambedkar Interface …when shall the twain meet? Economic and Political Weekly, 31(31), 2070-2072.
    • Panini, M. (1996). The political economy of caste. In M. N. Srinivas (Ed.), Caste: Its twentieth century avatar (pp. 28-68). New Delhi, India: Viking.
    • Paranjpe, A. C. (1970). Caste, prejudice, and the individual. Mumbai, India: Lalvani.
    • Parekh, B. (1999). Colonialism, tradition and reform: An analysis of Gandhi's political discourse. New Delhi, India: Sage.
    • Parekh, B. (2015). Debating India: Essays on Indian political discourse. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.
    • Patil, S. (2003). Caste ending bourgeois democratic revolution and its socialist consummation. Pune, India: Sugava.
    • Pratto, F., Sidanius, J., Stallworth, L. M., & Malle, B. F. (1994). Social dominance orientation: A personality variable predicting social and political attitudes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 741-763. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.67.4.741
    • Pratto, F., Sidanius, J., & Levin, S. (2006). Social dominance theory and the dynamics of intergroup relations: Taking stock and looking forward. European Review of Social Psychology, 17, 271-320. doi:10.1080/10463280601055772
    • Radhakrishnan, S. (1927). The Hindu view of life. New York, NY, USA: Macmillan.
    • Raheja, G. G. (1988). India: Caste, kingship, and dominance reconsidered. Annual Review of Anthropology, 17, 497-522. doi:10.1146/annurev.an.17.100188.002433
    • Rao, A. (2009). The caste question: Dalits and the politics of modern India. Berkeley, CA, USA: University of California Press.
    • Rath, R., & Sircar, N. C. (1960). Inter-Caste relationship as reflected in the study of attitudes and opinions of six Hindu caste groups. The Journal of Social Psychology, 51, 3-25. doi:10.1080/00224545.1960.9922013
    • Reicher, S. (2004). The context of social identity: Domination, resistance, and change. Political Psychology, 25, 921-945. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9221.2004.00403.x
    • Reicher, S., & Hopkins, N. (2001). Self and nation. London, United Kingdom: Sage.
    • Rodrigues, V. (1993). Making a tradition critical: Ambedkar's reading of Buddhism. In Peter Robb (Ed.), Dalit movements and the meanings of labour in India (pp. 299-338). New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.
    • Roets, A., Au, E. W., & Van Hiel, A. (2015). Can authoritarianism lead to greater liking of out-groups? The intriguing case of Singapore. Psychological Science, 26, 1972-1974. doi:10.1177/0956797615605271
    • Rudolph, L. I. (1965). The modernity of tradition: The democratic incarnation of caste in India. The American Political Science Review, 59, 975-989. doi:10.2307/1953217
    • Said, E. (1978). Orientalism. New York, NY, USA: Pantheon.
    • Schmitt, M. T., & Branscombe, N. R. (2003). Will the real social dominance theory please stand up? The British Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 215-219. doi:10.1348/014466603322127201
    • Schmitt, M. T., Branscombe, N. R., & Kappen, D. M. (2003). Attitudes toward group-based inequality: Social dominance or social identity? The British Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 161-186. doi:10.1348/014466603322127166
    • Searle-Chatterjee, M., & Sharma, U. (Eds.). (1994). Contextualizing caste: Post-Dumontian approaches. Oxford, United Kingdom: Blackwell.
    • Seetharaman, G. (2015, October 15). Haryana's Jats to Kerala's Brahmins: Why reservation pleas are being heard all over India. The Economic Times. Retrieved from http://economictimes.indiatimes.com
    • Sharma, A. (2001). Classical Hindu thought: An introduction. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.
    • Sharma, U. (2002). Caste: Concept in the social sciences. New Delhi, India: Viva.
    • Sidanius, J., & Pratto, F. (2001). Social dominance: An intergroup theory of social hierarchy and oppression. New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    • Sidanius, J., & Pratto, F. (2003). Social dominance theory and the dynamics of inequality: A reply to Schmitt, Branscombe, & Kappen and Wilson & Liu. The British Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 207-213. doi:10.1348/014466603322127193
    • Srinivas, M. N. (1959). The dominant caste in Rampura. American Anthropologist, 61, 1-16. doi:10.1525/aa.1959.61.1.02a00030
    • Srinivas, M. N. (1962). A note on Sanskritization and Westernization. In M. N. Srinivas (Ed.), Caste in modern India and other essays (pp. 5-32). London, United Kingdom: Asia Publishing House.
    • Srinivas, M. N. (2002). Collected essays. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.
    • Srinivas, M. N. (2003). An obituary on caste as a system. Economic and Political Weekly, 38, 455-459.
    • Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. (1979/2001). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In M. A. Hogg & D. Abrams (Eds.), Intergroup relations: Essential readings (pp. 94-109). New York, NY, USA: Psychology Press.
    • Teltumbde, A. (2011). The persistence of caste: The Khairlanji murders and India's hidden apartheid. London, United Kingdom: Zed Books.
    • Thorat, S. (2016, February 24). Quota only if a community has faced discrimination (A. Vishnoi, Interviewer). Retrieved from http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/opinion/interviews/quota-only-if-a-community-has-faced-discrimination-says-profsukhadeo-thorat/articleshow/51113895.cms
    • Thorat, S., & Attewell, P. (2007). The legacy of social exclusion: A correspondence study of job discrimination in India. Economic and Political Weekly, 42, 4141-4145.
    • Thorat, S., & Newman, K. (2010). Economic discrimination: Concept, consequences, and remedies. In S. Thorat & K. Newman (Eds.), Blocked by caste: Economic discrimination in modern India. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.
    • Turner, J. C., & Reynolds, K. J. (2003). Why social dominance theory has been falsified. The British Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 199-206. doi:10.1348/014466603322127184
    • Vaid, D. (2014). Caste in contemporary India: Flexibility and persistence. Annual Review of Sociology, 40, 391-410. doi:10.1146/annurev-soc-071913-043303
    • Waghmore, S. (2013). Civility against caste: Dalit politics and citizenship in western India. New Delhi, India: Sage.
    • Wilson, M. S., & Liu, J. H. (2003a). Social dominance orientation and gender: The moderating role of gender identity. The British Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 187-198. doi:10.1348/014466603322127175
    • Wilson, M. S., & Liu, J. H. (2003b). Social dominance theory comes of age, and so must change: A reply to Sidanius & Pratto, and Turner & Reynolds. The British Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 221-223. doi:10.1348/014466603322127210
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.