Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Maher, Lisa A.; Macdonald, Danielle A.; Allentuck, Adam; Martin, Louise; Spyrou, Anna; Jones, Matthew D. (2016)
Publisher: Elsevier
Languages: English
Types: Article
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. With a specific focus on eastern Jordan, the Epipalaeolithic Foragers in Azraq Project explores changing hunter-gatherer strategies, behaviours and adaptations to this vast area throughout the Late Pleistocene. In particular, we examine how lifeways here (may have) differed from surrounding areas and what circumstances drew human and animal populations to the region. Integrating multiple material cultural and environmental datasets, we explore some of the strategies of these eastern Jordanian groups that resulted in changes in settlement, subsistence and interaction and, in some areas, the occupation of substantial aggregation sites. Five years of excavation at the aggregation site of Kharaneh IV suggest some very intriguing technological and social on-site activities, as well as adaptations to a dynamic landscape unlike that of today. Here we discuss particular aspects of the Kharaneh IV material record within the context of ongoing palaeoenvironmental reconstructions and place these findings in the wider spatial and temporal narratives of the Azraq Basin.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Ames, C.J.H., Nowell, A., Cordova, C., Pokines, J., Bisson, M., 2014. Palaeoenvironmental change and settlement dynamics in the Druze Marsh: Results of recent excavation at an open-air Paleolithic site. Quaternary International 331, 60-73.
    • Bar-Yosef, O., Arensburg, B., 1973. Human remains from Ein Gev I, Jordan Valley, Israel. Paléorient 1, 201-202.
    • Bar-Yosef Mayer, D., 2005. The Exploitation of Shells as Beads in the Palaeolithic and Neolithic of the Levant. Paléorient 31, 176-185.
    • Bar-Yosef, O., 1970. The Epipalaeolithic cultures of Palestine. PhD Thesis, Institute of Archaeology , Hebrew University, Jerusalem.
    • Bar-Yosef, O., 1998. The Natufian Culture in the Levant: Threshold to the Origins of Agriculture. Evolutionary Anthropology 6, 159-177.
    • Besançon, J., Sanlaville, P., 1988. L'évolution geomorphologique du basin d'Azraq (Jordanie) depuis le pléistocene moyen. Paléorient 14, 23-30.
    • Besançon, J., Geyer, B., Sanlaville, P., 1989. Contribution to the study of the geomorphology of the Azraq Basin, Jordan. In: Copeland, L., Hours, F. (Eds.), The Hammer on the Rock: Studies in the Early Palaeolithic of Azraq. British Archaeological Reports International Series 540, Oxford, pp. 7-63.
    • Betts, A.V.G., 1998. The Harra and the Hamad: Excavations and Surveys in Eastern Jordan, Volume 1. Sheffield Academic Press, Sheffield.
    • Byrd, B., 1994. Late Quaternary Hunter-Gatherer Complexes in the Levant between 20,000 and 10,000 BP. In: Bar-Yosef, O., Kra, R. (Eds.), Late Quaternary Chronology and Paleoclimates of the Eastern Mediterranean. Radiocarbon, Tucson, pp. 205-226.
    • Byrd, B., 1998. Spanning the Gap from the Upper Paleolithic to the Natufian: The Early and Middle Epipaleolithic. In: Henry, D.O. (Ed.), The Prehistoric Archaeology of Jordan, Archaeopress, Oxford, pp. 64-82.
    • Conkey, M., Beltrán, A., Clark, G.A., González Echegaray, J., Guenther, M.J., Hahn, J., Hayden, B., Paddayya, K., Straus, L.G., Valoch, K., 1980. The Identification of Prehistoric HunterGatherer Aggregation Sites: The Case of Altamira [and Comments and Reply]. Current Anthropology 21(5), 609-630.
    • Copeland, L., Hours, F., Editors, 1989. The Hammer on the Rock: Studies in the Early Palaeolithic of Azraq, Jordan, British Archaeological Reports International Series 540, Oxford.
    • Cordova, C.E., Rollefson, G.O., Kalchgruber, R., Wilke, P., Quintero, L., 2008. Natural and cultural stratigraphy of 'Ayn as-Sawda, Azraq Wetland Reserve: 2007 excavation report and discussion of finds. Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 52, 417-425.
    • Cordova, C., Nowell, A., Bisson, M., Ames, C.J.H., Pokines, J., Chang, M., al-Nahar, M., 2013. Interglacial and glacial desert refugia and the Middle Paleolithic of the Azraq Oasis, Jordan. Quaternary International 330, 94-110.
    • El-Naqa, A., 2010. Study of Saltwater Intrusion in the Upper Aquifer in Azraq. Final Report. International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the University of Jordan, Amman.
    • Garrard, A.N., Price S., 1975-1977 A Survey of Prehistoric Sites in the Azraq Basin of Eastern Jordan. Paléorient 3, 109-126.
    • Garrard, A.N., Byrd, B., 1992. New Dimensions to the Epipalaeolithic of the Wadi el-Jilat in Central Jordan. Paléorient 18(1), 47-62.
    • Garrard, A.N., Betts A., Byrd B.F., Colledge, S., HUNT, C., 1988. Summary of the Palaeoenvironmental and Prehistoric Investigations in the Azraq Basin. In: Garrard, A.N., Gebel, H.G. (Eds.), The Prehistory of Jordan. The State of Research in 1986. British Archaeological Reports International Series 396, Oxford, pp. 311-337.
    • Garrard, A. and Byrd, B. (2013). Beyond the Fertile Crescent: Late Palaeolithic and Neolithic Communities of the Jordanian Steppe. Volume 1: Project Background and the Late Palaeolithic - Geological Context and Technology. Oxford, Oxbow Books.
    • Goring-Morris, A. N., 1987. At the Edge. Terminal Pleistocene Hunter- Gatherers in the Negev and Sinai. British Archaeological Reports 361, Oxford.
    • Goring-Morris, A.N, Belfer-Cohen, A., 1998. The articulation of cultural processes and the late quaternary environmental changes in Cisjordan. Paléorient 23, 71-93.
    • Goring-Morris, A.N., Hover, E., Belfer-Cohen, A., 2009. The Dynamics of Pleistocene and Early Holocene Settlement Patterns and Human Adaptations in the Levant: An Overview. In: Shea, J., Lieberman, D. (Eds.), Transitions in Prehistory: Essays in Honor of Ofer Bar-Yosef. Oxbow Books, Oxford, pp. 185-252.
    • Grosman, L., Munro, N.D., Belfer-Cohen, A., 2008. A 12,000-year-old Shaman burial from the southern Levant (Israel). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105, 17665-17669.
    • Habu, J., 2004. Ancient Jomon of Japan. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
    • Hunt, C.O., 1989. Notes on the sediments of some Paleolithic sites at Azraq, Jordan. In: Copeland, L., Hours, F. (Eds.), The Hammer on the Rock: Studies in the Early Palaeolithic of Azraq, Jordan. British Archaeological Reports International Series 540, Oxford, pp. 469- 479.
    • Isbell, W.H., 2000. What We Should Be Studying: The "Imagined Com- munity" and the "Natural Community." In: Canuto, M.A., Yaeger, J. (Eds.), The Archaeology of Communities: A New World Perspective. Routledge, London, pp. 243-366.
    • Jones, J., 2012. Using gazelle dental cementum studies to explore seasonality and mobility patterns of the Early-Middle Epipalaeolithic Azraq Basin, Jordan. Quaternary International, 252, 195-201.
  • No related research data.
  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article