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fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Publisher: Manchester Centre for Regional History, MMU
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: V145
Britain's North West was arguably the powerhouse of the whole British war effort. It was a prime conductor to the newly created mass munitions production as well as meeting the other material needs of the armed forces, ranging from battleships to uniforms. This title looks at how the region supported and was forever changed by the war to end all wars.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1936); John Foster, 'eTh Clyde 1917-20', in
    • central and western Europe 1917-1920
    • (London, 1993), p. 83. 54. I. McLean, The legend of Red Clydeside
    • (Cambridge, 1983). 55. Dec. 1917 and Jan. 1918 both saw about
    • 250,000 days lost, but Apr. 1918 saw only
    • 15,000: Bernard Waites, A class society at
    • war: England 1914-1918 (London, 1987),
    • p. 184. 56. Ashton Reporter, 26 Mar. 1915. 57. JRSC, Ashton Textile Employers
    • Association, Special Minutes 1898-1917.
    • Minutes of meeting, 10 Nov. 1915,
    • ATEA/1/2/1. 58. Manchester Guardian, 11 Apr. 1916. 59. JRSC, quarterly report of the Executive
    • Committee of the ACS, 31 Oct. 1918,
    • ACS/1/26. 60. JRSC, Executive Committee minutes of the
    • ACS, undated, ACS/1/26. 61. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 27
    • Sep. 1919. 62. LROP, Circular of Central Committee of
    • AWA, 20 Mar. 1919, DDX 1123/4/8. 63. JRSC, UTFWA letter to union branches, 27
    • June 1919, ACS/3/6/14. 64. Cotton Factory Times, 11 July 1919. 65. Manchester Guardian, 2 July 1919. 66. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 5 July
    • 1919. 67. Ashton Reporter, 5 July 1919. 68. Census of England and Wales 1921
    • (London, 1923), Table 16, Occupations by
    • sex of urban areas with more than 20,000
    • population and Table 17, Occupations by
    • sex of urban areas with less than 20,000
    • have been higher in 1919, but it is unlikely
    • that it was signicfiantly so. 69. Ross McKibbin, The evolution of the Labour
    • Party 1910-1924 (Oxford, 1983); Martin
    • 1867-1945 (Oxford, 2002); Tanner, Political
    • and conflict, 1915-1918 (London, 1992). 70. JRSC, Minutes of EC meeting of 22 Dec.
    • 1917, ACS/2/1/1/1. 71. A. Horne, Labour at war: France and
    • Britain 1914-1918 (Oxford, 1991),
    • pp. 249-50. 72. Labour Party annual conference report
    • 1918, p. 43. 73. LROP, Circular of 1 Dec. 1918,
    • DDX/1123/4/7. 74. Most branches voted in favour. Stalybridge
    • alone (41.8 per cent) had a lower vote in
    • textile workers, 1910-1914 (Westport, CT;
    • 1978), pp. 152-4. 75. JRSC, letter to head ofice, 4 Feb. 1914,
    • ACS/6/12/83. 76. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 8 Dec.
    • 1917. 77. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 23 Feb.
    • 1918. 78. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 22 Dec.
    • 1917. 79. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 22 June
    • 1918. 80. Labour party Annual Conference Report
    • 1919. 81. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 10 Apr.
    • 1915. 82. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 16 Sep.
    • 1916. 83. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 12 Feb.
    • 1916; 19 Feb. 1916. 84. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 4 Aug.
    • 1917; 17 Nov. 1917. 85. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 20 Jan.
    • 1917; 27 Jan. 1917; 17 Mar. 1917. 86. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 26 Jan.
    • 1918; 9 Feb. 1918; 2 Mar. 1918. 87. Marwick, The deluge, p. 315. 88. D. Burnett, A social history of housing
    • 1815-1970 (Newton Abbot, 1978), p. 216. 89. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 24 Aug.
    • 1917. 90. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 20 Oct.
    • 1917. 91. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 13 Oct.
    • 1917. 92. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 20 Oct.
    • 1917. 93. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 13 Oct.
    • 1917. 94. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 10 Jan.
    • 1919. 95. F.W.S. Craig, British parliamentary election
    • results 1918-1945 (London, 1983), p. 263. 96. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 30 Nov.
    • 1918. 97. Manchester Guardian, 23 Aug. 1919. 98. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 11 July
    • 1941. 99. Calculation based on statistics in Ashton
    • Reporter, 22 June 1918. eTh municipal
    • electorate than Ashton. 100. Analysis of the changed franchise is
    • change and the Labour Party, pp. 386-92,
    • working classes, ch. 8 for another. 101. Manchester Guardian, 2 Apr. 1917. 102. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 11 Oct.
    • 1919. 103. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 18 Oct.
    • 1919; 25 Oct. 1919. 104. G. Wooton, The oficial history of the
    • British Legion (London, 1956), pp. 1-5.
    • 1921-1939 (Westport, CT; 2005). 105. Foster, 'eTh Clyde 1917-20', p. 83. 106. Ashton Reporter, 16 Nov. 1918. 107. Mossley and Saddleworth Reporter, 25 Oct.
    • 1919. 1. Manchester City Library, 'Women in the
    • during the war', M50/4/26/13, p. 12. 2. See, for example, Gail Braybon, Women
    • 1981); Deborah oThm, Nice girls and rude
    • girls: women workers in World War 1
    • (London, 1998); Angela Woollacott,
    • 1994). 3. E.L. Hutchins, Women in modern industry
    • (London, 1915), p. 256. 4. For example, Woollacott, On her
    • War (Harlow, 2002). For a detailed
    • Munitions 1915-1916 (London, 1978). 5. Gerry Rubin, War, law and labour: the
    • unions 1915-1921 (Oxford, 1987); Adams,
    • Arms and the wizard. 6. Labour Leader, 8 Nov. 1917. 7. 'Women in the labour market', p. 42. 8. NUWSS Information Bureau Dept., D/
    • MAR/4/45, report dated Aug. 1915. 9. Royden Harrison, 'eTh War Emergency
    • Workers' National Committee 1914', in
    • labour history (London, 1971). 10. People's History Museum, Manchester,
    • conference, LP/WNC/32/4/, Apr. 1915. 11. Jill Liddington and Jill Norris, One hand
    • sufrage movement (London, 2000), p. 213. 12. See the small advertisements for local
    • 1913. 13. Cumbria Record Ofice, letter from
    • Tomlinson to Marshall D/MAR 3/65/9,
    • undated, probably 1915. 14. Co-operative News, 4 Apr. 1912. 15. Women's Library, 'Extracts: reports of
    • the NUWSS', NWS/A/1/6, July 1915. 16. LHASC, report of the WLL National
    • Conference held in Bristol WLL/172, 25
    • Jan. 1916. 17. Ibid. 18. All these references are taken from
    • 'Women in the labour market'. 19. eTh Women's Emergency Corps (WEC),
    • and unpaid labour. 20. Votes for Women, 418 (Aug. 1916). 21. Cumbria Record Ofice, minutes of
    • MAR/3/65, 16 May 1917. See also Jo
    • (Basingstoke, 2007) for a detailed
    • NUWSS during 1915. 22. Vellacott, Pacifists, patriots and the vote ,
    • p. 116. 23. Parliamentary Archives, letter, Marshall to
    • Lloyd George, LG/D/11/2/1230, July 1915. 24. Cumbria Record Ofice, letter, Tomlinson
    • to Marshall, D/MAR/4/45, 20 Oct. 1915. 25. Ibid. 26. Angela K. Smith, Sufrage discourse
    • (Aldershot, 2005), p. 72. 27. Vellacott, Pacifists, patriots and the vote,
    • pp. 113-15. 28. Cumbria Record Ofice, NUWSS
    • Information Bureau Dept., D/MAR/4/45,
    • Report dated Aug. 1915. 29. Ibid. 30. Vellacott, Pacifists, patriots and the vote ,
    • p. 117. 31. Carlisle Record Ofice, letter, Jetley to
    • Marshall, D/MAR/4/45, 27 Aug. 1915. 32. Women's Library, minute book of
    • the NUWSS executive committee 2/
    • NWS/A/6, June 1914. 33. Cumbria Record Ofice, letter, Tomlinson
    • to Marshall, D/MAR 3/65/9, undated,
    • probably 1915. Emphasis in the original. 34. See Angela V. John (ed.), Unequal
    • England 1800-1918 (Oxford, 1986),
    • p. 2. 35. See Liddington and Norris, One hand
    • tied behind us, pp. 84-100. 36. 'Women in the labour market', p. 27. 37. Wilkinson was the women's oficer for the
    • AUCE at this time. 38. 'Women in the labour market', p. 28. 39. Cumbria Record Ofice, NUWSS
    • Information Bureau Dept., D/MAR/4/45,
    • Report dated Aug. 1915. 40. Cumbria Record Ofice, letter, Julie
    • MAR/4/45, 20 Oct. 1915. 41. 'Women in the labour market', p. 28. 42. Cumbria Record Ofice, letter, Tomlinson
    • to Marshall, D/MAR 3/67, 11 Aug. 1915. 43. Manchester City Library, WTUC annual
    • report 1916, M308/7/11. 44. 'Women in the labour market', p. 29. 45. See Alison Ronan, '“A small vital flame”:
    • 1914-1918' (unpub. PhD, Keele University,
    • 2010), for a detailed examination of
    • networks. 46. Cheryl Law, 'The old faith living and
    • perspectives (Manchester, 1998). 47. Manchester City Library, MSWSS annual
    • report 1917, M50/1/5/3. 48. For more details of these women and their
    • lfame”'. 1. eTh Territorial Force came into being in
    • 1907 and was renamed the Territorial
    • Army in 1920. 2. See, for example, G. Moorhouse, Hell's
    • Gallipoli (London, 1992); and J. Macleod,
    • Gallipoli (London, 2005). 3. F.P. Gibbon, The 42nd East Lancashire
    • division 1914-1918 (London, 1920), p. 5. 4. http://www.gallipoli-association.org,
    • accessed 1 Apr. 2014. 5. Cecil Aspinall-Oglander, Military
    • operations: Gallipoli. Vol. 2: May 1915 to
    • the evacuation (London, 1932), p. 484;
    • 1923), p. 549. 6. See E. Delage, The tragedy of the
    • Dardanelles (London, 1932), p. 23; and
    • (London, 2004), p. 14. 7. J. McQuilton, 'Gallipoli as contested
    • Gallipoli: making history, p. 1. 8. McQuilton, 'Gallipoli as contested
    • commemorative space'. 9. C. Pugsley, 'Stories of Anzac', in Macleod
    • (ed.), Gallipoli: making history, p. 47. 10. Moorhouse, Hell's foundations, p. 9. 11. Ibid, pp. 8-9. 12. Ibid, p. 9. 13. P. Lindsay, The spirit of Gallipoli: the birth
    • 2006), p. 20. eTh Cairo riots took place
    • into battle at Gallipoli. 14. Leeds University Library, Liddle Collection
    • Duckworth', Box 1, Gallipoli 028. 15. 'Letter of Rev Denis Fletcher to a friend',
    • 14 Feb. 1915, repr. Rochdale Observer, Mar.
    • 1915. 16. Liddle, 'Interview with Charles Watkins',
    • Feb. 1973, Tape 65, Gallipoli Records 223. 17. N. Steel and P. Hart, Defeat at Gallipoli
    • (London, 2002), p. 34, from Imperial War
    • Museum, SR 10648, George Peak. 18. C. Watkins, Lost endeavour: a survivor's
    • pub., 1970), p. 78. 19. Pugsley, 'Stories of Anzac', p. 49. 20. Simkins' examination of the performance
    • in 1918 found that at least ten British
    • top British divisions was the 66th Division,
    • “Hundred Days”, 1918', in Paddy Grifith
    • 1996), pp. 57-9. 21. Gibbon, The 42nd East Lancashire division ,
    • pp. 11, 15-16. 22. J. Macleod, 'eTh British heroic romantic
    • Gallipoli: making history, pp. 82-3. 23. Aspinall-Oglander, Military Operations:
    • Gallipoli, Vol. 2, p. 479. 24. E. Raymond, 'Gallipoli revisited',
    • Gallipolian, 107 (2005), p. 27, from
    • Telegraph, 24 Apr. 1965. 25. R. Holmes, Tommy: the British soldier
    • on the Western Front (London, 2004),
    • pp.102-3. 26. H.C. Barnard, A history of English
    • education from 1760 (London, 1947),
    • pp. 71-80. 27. J. Fox, Forgotten divisions (Wilmslow,
    • 1994), pp. 22-3, quoted from Imperial War
    • Museum Politzer/Morris Papers. 28. G. Hurst, With the Manchesters in the East
    • (Sandhurst, 1918), p. 59. 29. Watkins, Lost endeavour, p. 58. 30. 'Letters of Lance Corporal Jack Gerrard',
    • repr. Middleton Guardian, 14 Nov. 1914. 31. Brooke was serving with the Hood
    • composed en route to Gallipoli. 32. eTh ode in Lancaster brogue appeared in
    • Middleton Guardian, 14 Nov. 1914. 33. J. Hartley, Not a rotter in the lot: 6th
    • (Barnsley, 2010). 34. M. Purdy and I. Dawson, The Gallipoli oak
    • (Ramsbottom, 2013), pp. 11-13. 35. Hurst, With the Manchesters in the East,
    • pp. 2, 8. 36. Watkins, Lost endeavour, p. 39. 37. B. Bond (ed.), Staf oficer: the diary of Lord
    • Moyne (London, 1987), p. 198. 38. 'Letters of Arthur Bullough', repr.
    • Middleton Guardian, 24 July 1915. 39. H. Mallinson, Where is Gallipoli?
    • (Scarborough, 2005), p. 101. Mallinson
    • local newspaper in question. 40. R. Westlake, British regiments at Gallipoli
    • (London, 1996). 41. Mallinson, Where is Gallipoli?, p.102.
    • Bury Times. 42. Gibbon, The 42nd East Lancashire division ,
    • p. 19. 43. eTh Rochdale Observer newspaper
    • this distinction: in the 20 May 1916 issue
    • on May 6, and then, in the 7 June 1916
    • 4 June. 44. Gibbon, The 42nd East Lancashire division
    • foreword. 45. Moorhouse, Hell's foundations, p. 124. 46. Gibbon, The 42nd East Lancashire division
    • p. 19. 47. Moorhouse, Hell's foundations, p. 225. 48. Ibid. 49. 'Park named for Gallipoli heroes',
    • Manchester Evening News, 22 Apr. 2009. 50. 'New name to remember Bury's brave
    • soldiers', Bury Council, press release, 21
    • Apr. 2009. For fuller exploration of this article's premise
    • see A.S. Gregson, 'The 1/7th Battalion King's
    • University, 2006). 1. J. Bourne, 'eTh British working man in
    • 1996); H. McCartney, Citizen soldiers: the
    • War (Cambridge, 2005). 2. Soldiers died in the Great War 1914-19:
    • Part 13 - the King's (Liverpool regiment)
    • (Polstead, Sufolk; 1989) (hereafter Soldiers
    • died in the Great War). 3. Census of England and Wales 1911, 10
    • Edward 7 and 1 George 5, Ch 27 - County
    • and Wales 1911 (London, 1914) (hereafter
    • Census 1911). 4. Liverpool City Local Studies Library
    • and Record Ofice, WES/11/1(1) WLTAF
    • Minutes, 7 June 1921, West Lancashire
    • Territorial and Auxiliary Force Association. 5. P.J. Waller, Democracy and sectarianism:
    • 1868-1939 (Liverpool, 1981), p. 94. 6. Liverpool City Local Studies Library and
    • Record Ofice, WES 356/4/1(21) WLTAF
    • Clothing Committee Minutes, 25 Feb.
    • 1913. 7. Lettered A-H, these were merged into
    • companies. 8. W. Richards, His Majesty's territorial army:
    • the second Line', vol. 2 (London, c.1910);
    • Visiter (n.p., c.1910). 9. A roll of honour of Southport's Rugby
    • Southport Guardian 23 Jan. 1915, p. 2, and
    • Southport Guardian on 28 Apr. 1915, p. 9. 10. Southport Guardian, 6, 9, 16, 23 Jan. 1915. 11. Ibid. 12. Bootle Times, 21 Aug. 1914, p. 8. 13. Bootle Times, 28 Aug. 1914, p. 4. 14. Ibid. 15. Census 1911. 16. Soldiers died in the Great War. 17. In a postcard in Apr. 1915 to Sergeant John
    • Whittaker, 2/8th Manchester regiment,
    • correspondence to John Whittaker. 18. Southport Guardian, 5 Feb. 1916, p. 8;
    • Committee, 23 Mar. 1916, Medical Oficer
    • of Health Report for 1915. 19. STS 1/4 St. oThmas School, Waterloo Log
    • Book week-ending 28 Aug. 1914. 20. Bootle Borough Council Volume 31
    • (1913-14), Parks and Baths committee
    • minutes 19 Aug. 1914. 21. Southport Borough Council, 1913-14, Vol.
    • Health Committee minutes, 1 and 29 Oct.
    • 1914; Tramways Committee 22 Oct. 1914. 22. Litherland Urban District Council
    • 1914-15, Higher Education Committee
    • Minutes 24 Nov. 1914, 16 Feb. 1915. 23. Southport Borough Council 1913-14, Vol.
    • of the Highways and Works Committee, 30
    • Dec. 1914. 24. Liverpool Record Ofice, LUD 7 Litherland
    • Urban District Council Minutes, 7 Dec.
    • 1914. 25. Private collection of postcard
    • correspondence to John Whittaker, No. 17,
    • undated (c. Nov. 1915). 26. Waterloo and Seaforth Urban District
    • Council Minutes, Vol. 20, 1914-15, 14
    • Sep. 1914. 27. Waterloo and Seaforth Urban District
    • Council Minutes, Vol. 20, 1914-15, 5 Oct.
    • 1914. 28. Waterloo and Seaforth Urban District
    • Council Minutes, Vol. 20, 1914-15, 27 Oct.
    • 1914, 26 Jan. 1915. 29. Bootle Times, 21 Aug. 1914, p. 2. 30. Southport Guardian, 29 Aug. 1914. 31. Annual meeting of the Southport Company
    • House proprietors, 1916: Southport
    • Guardian, 12 Feb. 1916, p. 5. 32. Southport Guardian, 23 Sep. 1914, p. 2. 33. Southport Guardian, 23 Sep. 1914, p. 5. 34. Southport Guardian, 14 Oct. 1914, p. 5. 35. History of the ministry of munitions (12
    • vols, Hassocks, 1976), Vol. 8, pp. 109-10. 36. A. Hurd, A merchant fleet at war (London,
    • 1920), p. 72. 37. Three women were listed from the
    • (hereafter IWM) MUN 34.2/16 and 17,
    • of poisoning during war work'. 38. History of the ministry of munitions, Vol. 8,
    • part 2, p. 170. eTh History only listed three
    • Massey, Seacombe: IWM MUN 34.2/14,
    • occurred'; and IWM MUN 34.2/15, 'Names
    • fatal accidents'. 39. Liverpool Record Ofice, LUD 7 Litherland
    • Urban District Council minutes, 2 Oct.
    • 1916. 40. S. Sassoon, The complete memoirs of George
    • Sherston (London, 1960), pp. 235, 381. 41. Liverpool Record Ofice, B /MO5 Bootle
    • report, 24 July 1916. 42. Crosby Library, Sefton Borough Council,
    • LUD 7 Litherland UDC minutes, 5 Mar., 7
    • May, 4 June, 2 July, 27 July, 8 Aug. 1917, 4
    • Mar. 1918. 43. Southport Guardian, 24 Mar. 1915, p. 5. 44. C. Messenger, Terriers in the trenches:
    • the Post Ofice Rifles at war 1914-1918
    • (Chippenham, 1982), p. 18. 45. eTh 'Oficial history' did not draw any
    • had been established at the end of 1914:
    • '1915: Aubers, Festubert and Loos', in
    • 1922-1949), pp. 40-77. 46. eTh National Archives [hereafter TNA],
    • WO95/590 I Corps war diary orders from
    • Brig. Gen Whigham, 8 Apr. 1915. 47. TNA, WO95/1360 1/7th Battalion King's
    • Liverpool Regiment war diary, 15 May
    • 1915. 48. TNA, WO95/1352 6th Brigade war diary
    • night, 15-19 May 1915. 49. Formby Times, 29 May 1915, p. 5; Southport
    • Visiter, 29 May 1915, p. 7; Southport
    • Guardian, 29 May 1915, pp. 9, 11. 50. Southport Visiter, 27 May 1915, p. 6. 51. Bootle Times, 28 May 1915, p. 7. 52. A 'Sandgrounder' was one born in
    • Southport: Southport Visiter, 8 June 1915,
    • p. 6. 53. Liverpool Echo, 29 May 1915, p. 3. 54. 'No words can tfitingly describe the
    • Liverpool Echo, 29 May 1915, p. 3; a report
    • Echo, 26 May 1915, p. 3. Another report
    • or Bootle papers: Liverpool Echo, 28 May
    • 1915, p. 5. 55. TNA, WO95/1360 1/7th Battalion King's
    • Liverpool regiment war diary, 16 May 1915. 56. Soldiers died in the Great War, pp. 48-58. 57. TNA, WO95/1352 6th Brigade war diary,
    • 23 May 1915. 58. TNA, WO95/1360 1/7th Battalion King's
    • Liverpool regiment war diary, 9 Aug. and 7
    • Sep. 1915. 59. TNA, WO95/2909 55th division war diary,
    • AQMG branch, Jan. 1917. 60. TNA, WO95/2910 55th division war diary,
    • A&Q branch, Jan. 1918. 61. E. Wyrall, The history of the King's
    • Regiment (Liverpool) 1914-19 (3 vols,
    • London , 1935), vol. 3, p. 608; WO95/2927
    • 1/7th Battalion King's Liverpool regiment
    • war diary, 31 Jan. 1918. 62. Soldiers died in the Great War, pp.48-58;
    • (London, 1990), p. 147. eThre are other
    • While the numbers who died in 3/7th were
    • England as a fighting unit, 2/7th was a
    • fully-fledged battalion within the 2nd Line
    • West Lancashire territorial division - 57th.
    • ehTy entered the war in June 1917 and
    • during the last eighteen months of the war. 63. H. McCartney, 'eTh 1/6th and 1/10th
    • University, 2001), p. 371, pub. as Citizen
    • First World War (Cambridge, 2005). 64. P. Morris, 'Leeds and the amateur military
    • antecedents, 1859-1918' (unpub. PhD
    • thesis, Leeds University, 1983), p. 993. 65. Liverpool Record Ofice, 356 FIF/57, A
    • history of the Rose 55th Division papers
    • deposited by H.S. Jeudwine. 66. IWM, ref. 72/82/1 Jeudwine MSS. 67. Museum of Liverpool Life, National
    • 1982.250, interview transcript with Arthur
    • Critchley, 7th Battalion KLR, at King's
    • Lieutenant L.G. Wall, A Battery 275 1st
    • on 9 June 1917: 356 FIF/57 'A history of
    • the Rose', 55th Division papers; IWM Ref.
    • 72/82/1, Jeudwine MSS. 68. TNA, WO95/2899 55th division war diary,
    • letter from Jeudwine to XIV Corps HQ, 24
    • Jan. 1916. 69. Liverpool Record Ofice, 356 FIF/42, letter
    • from Jeudwine to Derby, 2 Mar. 1916, 55th
    • Division papers. 70. Critchley transcript. 71. 356 FIF/45, letter from Jeudwine to Derby,
    • 28 Aug. 1918. 72. TNA, WO95/2910, 55th Divison A&Q
    • branch war diary, 23 Jan. 1918. 73. J.G. Fuller, Popular culture and troop
    • 1914-1918 (Oxford, 1990), p. 4; IWM
    • MS/E/S 851, Sub Rosa (June 1917 and June
    • 1918). 74. Critchley transcript. 75. TNA, WO95/2927, 1/7th Battalion King's
    • Liverpool regiment war diary, June 1917. 76. W.V. Tilsley, Other ranks (London, 1931),
    • p. 90 [a narrative based on experience in
    • 164th Brigade, 55th Division]. 77. Daglish correspondence in Stand To! the
    • 61 (April 2001), pp. 44-5. 78. 356 FIF 15 Memo from Jeudwine, 28 June
    • 1918. 79. Bootle Times, 2 Aug. 1918, p. 2. 80. Stones did not start to arrive in France
    • until 1920 according to P. Longworth,
    • 1917-1984 (London, 1985), p. 72. 81. P. Grifith, Battle tactics of the Western
    • 1916-18 (New Haven, CT; 1994), p. 82. Not
    • 55th Division, providing a much wider list
    • “Hundred Days”, 1918', in P. Grifith (ed.),
    • (London, 1996), p. 64. 82. Grifith, Battle tactics of the Western Front,
    • pp. 79, 83. 83. TNA, CAB 45/132, Cochrane to Edmonds,
    • 8 Jan. [1934]. 84. 356 FIF 56, letter from Cochrane to
    • Jeudwine, 1933. 85. TNA, WO95/2900, 55th division war diary
    • notes on recent operations, 21, 24 Aug.
    • 1916. 86. J.O. Coop, The story of the 55th Division
    • (London, n.d.), p. 41. 87. TNA, WO95/2925, 165th Brigade war
    • diary, 31 July 1917. 88. Critchley transcript. 89. Southport Guardian, 1 Sep. 1917, p. 6. 90. TNA, WO95/2903, 55th Division war diary
    • report on operations, 29 July-4 Aug. 1917. 91. Coop, The story of the 55th Division , p. 54. 92. R. Neillands, The Great War generals on the
    • Western Front, 1914-1918 (London, 1992),
    • pp. 395-6. 93. TNA, WO95/2900, 55th Division war diary
    • report on operations east of Ypres, 19-24
    • Sep. 1917. 94. TNA, WO95/2927, 1/7th King's Liverpool
    • regiment war diary, 30 Sep. 1917. 95. M. Samuels, Command or control?
    • British and German armies, 1888-1918
    • (London, 1995), p. 203. Strangely, there is
    • oficial histories, 1915-1948: Military
    • history and policy (London, 2003). 96. G.D. Blades, 'eTh battles of the Lys: the
    • 1918' (unpub. MPhil thesis, King's College
    • London, 1999), p. 43. 97. TNA, WO95/883, XI Corps war diary
    • notes of conference, 25 Mar. 1918. 98. TNA, WO95/883, XI Corps war diary
    • notes of conference, 25 Mar. 1918. 99. TNA, CAB 45/123, Jeudwine copy letter to
    • Edmonds, 21 Aug. 1918. 100. TNA, WO95/883, XI Corps war diary brief
    • narrative of events, 20 Mar.-30 Apr. 1918. 101. TNA, WO95/2925, 165th Brigade war
    • diary narrative of battle, 9-15 Apr. 1918:
    • Lieutenant T.A. Lyon, O.C. 9 Platoon C
    • Company. 102. TNA, WO95/883, XI Corps war diary brief
    • narrative of events, 20 Mar.-30 Apr. 1918. 103. TNA, CAB 45/122, correspondence in
    • XI Corps, to Edmonds, 3 Jan. 1932. 104. TNA, CAB 45/122, Lieutenant Colonel
    • Crump DSO to Edmonds, 30 Dec. 1931. 105. Captain J.W. Cook MC won a bar to his
    • citation in The Times, 19 Sep. 1918. 106. TNA, WO95/2925, 1/7th Battalion Kings
    • Colonel Potter, 17 Apr. 1918. 107. Critchley transcript. 108. TNA, CAB 45/179, correspondence in
    • Colonel Buckley, 5th Battalion King's
    • Liverpool regiment to his brother, 20 Apr.
    • 1918 emphasizing the precariousness of the
    • historian duly obliged. 109. TNA, CAB 45/122, correspondence in
    • Edmonds, 3 Jan. 1932. 110. TNA, WO95/2927, 1/7th Battalion King's
    • Liverpool regiment war diary; 165th
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