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Bratchford, Gary
Languages: English
Types: Unknown
Subjects: L380, P300, P900, W213, W640
Abstract\ud Focusing on Israel/Palestine this paper will explore the relationship between visibility, power and mediation by examining how anti-occupation activists have worked to make visible and redistribute their image by challenging the ‘normal appearance’ (Goffman, 1971) of the Israeli State and the ‘proper performances’ (Goffman, 1990) of its military. Here the term military is defined as an umbrella term to include all forms of militarised personnel including the Israeli Defence Force (IDF), Border Guards and Security Forces. \ud \ud Taking the ‘new visibility’ (Thompson, 2005) as my starting point, the paper will firstly examine the 2011 Palestinian Freedom Riders; an act of civil disobedience and non-violent resistance strategically premised upon making visible that, which is often hidden; the privilege of movement concerning Israeli settlers vis-à-vis Palestinian residents of the occupied West Bank. The structure of the paper will unpick the Freedom Riders’ visual performance across three stages; pre-event, the act itself and will conclude with an analysis of the visual material uploaded to the Internet. Framing the Freedom Rides as an intervention into and manipulation of, the visual field and physical space of the Israeli occupation over Palestinian territories, the paper will conclude with two further examples of visual activist actions that also seek to disrupt the primary and secondary visual order. In the final two examples I will focus on actions initiated by Breaking the Silence, an Israeli NGO made up of ex IDF combatants. In each example I will explore the disruptive disclosure of military impropriety from a position of privilege, one that is specific to those who have served in the Israeli Military. A position premised on notions of citizenship (Isin & Nielsen, 2008) and the associated rights afforded to it, including but limited to, visuality (Mirzeoff 2006; 2011). \ud \ud Words: 289\ud \ud Key words: Visual Activism, Israel, Palestine, Appearance, Protest\ud \ud Associated fields:\ud • Activism, engagement and “situatedness”\ud • Visibility, invisibility and stigma\ud • Dramaturgy and performance\ud • Presentation rituals and social order
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