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Johnson, A.J.; Miles, C. (2009)
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: psy
Two experiments examined Ward, Avons and Melling’s (2005) proposition that the serial position function is task, rather than modality, dependent. Specifically, they proposed that for backward testing the 2-alternative forced choice (2AFC) recognition paradigm is characterised by single-item recency irrespective of the modality of the stimulus presentation. In Experiment 1 the same nonwords sequences, presented both visually or auditorially, produced qualitatively equivalent serial position functions with 2AFC testing. Forward testing produced a flat serial position function, whilst backward testing produced two-item recency in the absence of primacy. In order to rule out the possibility that the serial position functions for visual stimuli were the product of sub-vocal rehearsal, Experiment 2 employed articulatory suppression during the presentation phase. Serial position function equivalence was again observed together with a modest impairment in overall recognition rates. Taken together, these data are consistent with the Ward et al. proposition and further support the existence of a visual memory that can facilitate storage of visual-verbal material e.g. Logie, Della Sella, Wynn, and Baddeley (2000). However, the observation of two-item recency contradicts the original Duplex account of single-item recency traditionally observed for backwards recognition testing of visual stimuli (Phillips and Christie, 1977).
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    • Avons, S.E. (1998). Serial position and item recognition of novel visual patterns. British Journal of Psychology, 89(2), 285-308.
    • Avons, S.E., and Mason, A. (1999). Effects of visual similarity on serial report and item recognition. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 52A(1), 217-240.
    • Avons, S.E., Ward, G., and Melling, L. (2004). Item and order memory for novel visual patterns assessed by two-choice recognition. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 57A(5), 865-891.
    • Baddeley, A.D., and Hitch, G.J. (1974). Working Memory. In Bower, G. (Ed.). Recent Advances in Learning and Motivation Vol. VIII. New York: Academic Press.
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    • Guérard, K., and Tremblay, S. (2008). Revisiting evidence for modularity and functional equivalence across verbal and spatial domains in memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 34(3), 556-569.
    • Jalbert, A., Saint-Aubin, J. and Tremblay, S. (2008). Visual similarity in short-term recall for where and when. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61(3), 353-360.
    • Johnson, A.J. and Miles, C. (2007). Serial position functions for recognition of olfactory stimuli. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 60(10), 1347-1355.
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