Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Dashper, KL (2012)
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Languages: English
Types: Article

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: human activities
Sex segregation is a core organising principle of most modern sports and is a key element in the marginalisation and subordination of girls and women in sport and beyond. In this article I explore the only Olympic-level sport which is not organised around sex segregation – equestrian sport – in order to consider the implications of sex integration for female participants. I draw on a study conducted on elite riders that found that although sex integration in equestrian sport does not lead to female participants being excluded from high-level competition, men continue to perform disproportionately well. This suggests that although sex integration may be an important step towards breaking down gender hierarchies in sport, without accompanying wider changes in gender norms and expectations, sex integration alone will not be enough to achieve greater gender equality in equestrian sport.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Anderson, E. (2005) Orthodox and inclusive masculinity: Competing masculinities among heterosexual men in a feminized terrain. Sociological Perspectives. 48(3): 337-355.
    • Anderson, E. (2008) “I used to think women were weak”: Orthodox masculinity, gender segregation and sport. Sociological Forum. 23(2): 257-280.
    • Anderson, E. (2009a) Inclusive masculinity: The changing nature of masculinities. Abingdon: Routledge.
    • Anderson, E. (2009b) The maintenance of masculinity among the stakeholders of sport. Sport Management Review. 12: 3-14.
    • Bryant, J.O. (2008) Olympic equestrian: A century of international horse sport. Lexington: Eclipse Press.
    • Boyatzis, R.E. (1998) Transforming qualitative information: Thematic analysis and code development. London: Sage.
    • Choi, P.Y.L. (2000) Femininity and the physically active woman. Abingdon: Routledge.
    • Connell, R.W. (1987) Gender and power. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    • Crosset, T. and Beal, B. (1997) The use of 'subculture' and 'subworld' in ethnographic works on sport: A discussion of definitional distinctions. Sociology of Sport Journal 14: 73-85.
    • Drew, E. and Humbert, A.L. (2012) 'Men have careers, women have babies': unequal parental care among Irish entrepreneurs. Community, Work and Family. Online First [Accessed 16/02/12].
    • Douglas, D.D. (2005) Venus, Serena and the Women's Tennis Association: When and where 'race' enters. Sociology of Sport Journal. 22: 256-282.
    • Eastern Community Legal Centre (2011) Making Fair Play our goal. [Internet] Available from: www.humanrightsareaussierules.org/au [Accessed 02/04/12].
    • Foddy, B. and Savulescu, J. (2011) Time to re-evaluate gender segregation in athletics? British Journal of Sports Medicine. 45: 1184-1188.
    • FEI (2012) Rankings and standings. [Internet] Available from: www.fei.org. [Accessed 09/02/12].
    • Fraser, N. (2007) Feminist politics in the age of reconstruction: A two-dimensional approach to gender justice. Studies in Social Justice. 1(1): 23-35.
    • Griffin, P. (1998) Strong women, deep closets: Lesbians and homophobia in sport. Champaign, Il.: Human Kinetics.
    • Hargreaves, J. (1994) Sporting females: critical issues in the history and sociology of women's sport. London: Routledge.
    • Jordan, E. (1995) Fighting boys and fantasy play: The construction of masculinity in the early years of school. Gender and Education. 7(1): 69-86.
    • Kane, M.J. (1995) Resistance/transformation of the oppositional binary: exposing sport as a continuum. Journal of Sport and Social Issues. 19: 191-218.
    • Koranteng, J. (2008) Women in sport: Are looks more valuable than talent? Populous. (3): 6- 11.
    • Laurendeau, J. (2004) The 'crack choir' and the 'cock chorus': The intersection of gender and sexuality in skydiving texts. Sociology of Sport Journal. 21: 397-417.
    • Mangan, J.A. (2000) Athleticism in the Victorian and Edwardian public school: The emergence and consolidation of an educational ideology. Second edition, Abingdon: Routledge.
    • McDonagh, E. and Pappano, L. (2008) Playing with the boys: why separate is not equal in sports. New York: Oxford University Press.
    • Messner, M.A. (2002) Taking the field: women, men and sports. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    • Midol, N. and Broyer, G. (1995) Towards an anthropological analysis of new sports cultures: The case of whizz sports in France. Sociology of Sport Journal. 12: 204-212.
    • Norman, L. (2010) Feeling second best: Elite women coaches' experiences. Sociology of Sport Journal. 27: 89-104.
    • Palmer, F.R. and Leberman, S.I. (2009) Elite athletes as mothers: Managing multiple identities. Sport Management Review. 12(4): 241-254.
    • Pfister, G. (2010) Women in sport - gender relations and future perspectives. Sport in Society. 13(2): 234-248.
    • Schippers, M. (2007) Recovering the feminine Other: Masculinity, femininity, and gender hegemony. Theory and Society. 36(1): 85-102.
    • Southman, K. (2009) Talented women too modest about abilities. News.com. [Internet] Available from: www.news.com.au/business/worklife/talented-women-too-modetsabout-abilities-expert/story-e6frfm9r-1225799723810 [Accessed 09/02/12].
    • Stevenson, D. (2004) Women, sport and globalisation: competing discourses of sexuality and nation. In: Rowe, D. (ed.) Critical readings: sport, culture and the media. Maidenhead: Open University Press, 276-294.
    • Thorpe, H. (2005) Jibbing the gender order: Females in the snowboarding culture. Sport in Society. 8(1): 76-100.
    • Travers, A. (2008) The sport nexus and gender injustice. Studies in Social Justice. 2(1): 79- 101.
    • Tucker, R. (2010) The abolition of gender categories in sport: A sound argument? The science of sport [Internet], 15 April. Available from: [Accessed 12/06/10].
    • Walker, N.A. and Bopp, T. (2011) The underrepresentation of women in the male-dominated sport workplace: Perspectives of female coaches. Journal of Workplace Rights. 15(1): 47-64.
    • Wheaton, B. (2000) “New lads”? Masculinities and the 'new sports' participant. Men and Masculinities. 2: 434-456.
    • Williams, C.L. (1995) The glass escalator: Hidden advantages for men in the 'female' professions. In: Kimmel, M.S. and Messner, M. (eds.) Men's Lives. Third edition. Needham Heights: Allyn and Bacon, 193-207.
    • Zamin, H. (1997) Islam, well-being and physical activity: Perceptions of Muslim young women. In G. Clarke and B. Humberstone (eds.) Researching women and sport. Basingstoke: Macmillan Press, 50-67.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Download from

Cite this article