OpenAIRE is about to release its new face with lots of new content and services.
During September, you may notice downtime in services, while some functionalities (e.g. user registration, login, validation, claiming) will be temporarily disabled.
We apologize for the inconvenience, please stay tuned!
For further information please contact helpdesk[at]

fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Offenbaecher, M.; Dezutter, J.; Kohls, N.; Sigl, C.; Vallejo, M.; Rivera, J.; Bauerdorf, F.; Schelling, J.; Vincent, A.; Hirsch, J.; Sirois, F.; Toussaint, L. (2017)
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Languages: English
Types: Article

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: embryonic structures, reproductive and urinary physiology, hemic and immune systems, biological factors
Objectives: We compared the magnitude and direction of associations between\ud forgiveness and pain, mental and physical health, quality of life, and anger in a\ud sample of fibromyalgia (FMS) patients and healthy controls. In addition, we compared\ud FMS and controls on mean levels of these variables.\ud Methods: 173 FMS patients and 81 controls completed this study. Patients and\ud controls were residents of Germany recruited with the support of the German\ud Fibromyalgia Patient Association and several self-help groups. FMS patients and\ud controls were about 53 years of age, mostly married (70%), Christians (81%), with\ud levels of education ranging from 9 years to 13+. All participants completed\ud assessments of forgiveness, pain, health, quality of life, and anger.\ud Results: Analyses revealed that FMS patients reported higher pain and anger and\ud poorer health and quality of life. FMS patients also reported lower levels of both\ud forgiveness of self and others. Size and direction of associations of forgiveness with\ud pain, health, quality of life, and anger in were not significantly different between\ud healthy individuals and patients with FMS.\ud Discussion: Forgiveness of self and others is beneficially associated with pain,\ud health, quality of life, and anger in FMS patients at levels that are of similar size and\ud direction as in healthy controls. However, FMS patients manifest lower levels of\ud forgiveness of self and others. Therapeutic promotion of forgiveness as a\ud psychosocial coping strategy may help patients with FMS to better manage\ud psychological and physical symptoms, thereby enhancing well-being.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Wolfe F, Smythe HA, Yunus MB, Bennett RM, Bombardier C, Goldenberg DL, Tugwell P, Campbell SM, Abeles M, Clark P, et al. The American College of Rheumatology 1990 Criteria for the Classification of Fibromyalgia. Report of the Multicenter Criteria Committee. Arthritis Rheum 1990;33:160-72.
    • 2. Henriksson C, Gundmark I, Bengtsson A, Ek AC. Living with fibromyalgia. Consequences for everyday life. Clin J Pain 1992;8:138-44.
    • 3. Wolfe F, Anderson J, Harkness D, Bennett RM, Caro XJ, Goldenberg DL, Russell IJ, Yunus MB. Health status and disease severity in fibromyalgia: results of a sixcenter longitudinal study. Arthritis Rheum 1997;40:1571-9.
    • 4. Salaffi F, Sarzi-Puttini P, Girolimetti R, Atzeni F, Gasparini S, Grassi W. Healthrelated quality of life in fibromyalgia patients: a comparison with rheumatoid arthritis patients and the general population using the SF-36 health survey. Clin Exp Rheumatol 2009;27:S67-74.
    • 5. White KP, Speechley M, Harth M, Ostbye T. The London Fibromyalgia Epidemiology Study: direct health care costs of fibromyalgia syndrome in London, Canada. J Rheumatol 1999;26:885-9.
    • 6. Turk DC, Rudy TE. Neglected factors in chronic pain treatment outcome studies-- referral patterns, failure to enter treatment, and attrition. Pain 1990;43:7-25.
    • 7. Turk DC, Rudy TE. The robustness of an empirically derived taxonomy of chronic pain patients. Pain 1990;43:27-35.
    • 8. Turk DC, Okifuji A, Sinclair JD, Starz TW. Differential responses by psychosocial subgroups of fibromyalgia syndrome patients to an interdisciplinary treatment. Arthritis Care Res 1998;11:397-404.
    • 9. Williams DA, Clauw DJ. Understanding fibromyalgia: lessons from the broader pain research community. J Pain 2009;10:777-91.
    • 10. Martinez-Lavin M. Fibromyalgia: When Distress Becomes (Un)sympathetic Pain. Pain Res Treat 2012;2012:981565.
    • 11. Fischer S, Doerr JM, Strahler J, Mewes R, Thieme K, Nater UM. Stress exacerbates pain in the everyday lives of women with fibromyalgia syndrome-The role of cortisol and alpha-amylase. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2015;63:68-77.
    • 12. Chida Y, Steptoe A. The association of anger and hostility with future coronary heart disease: a meta-analytic review of prospective evidence. J Am Coll Cardiol 2009;53:936-46.
    • 13. Sturgeon JA. Psychological therapies for the management of chronic pain. Psychology Research and Behavior Management 2014;7.
    • 14. Cianfrini LR, Block C, Doleys DM. Psychological therapies. In: Deer T, Leong M, Ray A eds. Treatment of chronic pain by integrative approaches: The American Academy of Pain Medicine textbook on patient management. New York, NY: Springer Science + Business Media, 2015:83-100.
    • 15. Borkum JM. Maladaptive cognitions and chronic pain: Epidemiology, neurobiology, and treatment. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy 2010;28:4-24.
    • 16. Dahl J, Lundgren T. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) in the Treatment of Chronic Pain. In: Baer R ed. Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: Clinician's guide to evidence base and applications. San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press, 2006:285-306.
    • 17. Bernardy K, Klose P, Busch AJ, Choy EHS, Häuser W. Cognitive behavioural therapies for fibromyalgia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013.
    • 18. Legaree T-A, Turner J, Lollis S. Forgiveness and therapy: A critical review of conceptualizations, practices, and values found in the literature. J Marital Fam Ther 2007;33:192-213.
    • 19. Zettle RD, Barner SL, Gird S. ACT with depression: The role of forgiving. Acceptance and commitment therapy: Contemporary theory, research and practice. Bowen Hills, QLD Australia: Australian Academic Press, 2009:151-173.
    • 20. Webb JR, Hirsch JK, Toussaint L. Forgiveness as a positive psychotherapy for addiction and suicide: Theory, research, and practice. Spiritual Clin Pract 2015;2:48.
    • 21. Wade NG, Hoyt WT, Kidwell JEM, Worthington Jr EL. Efficacy of psychotherapeutic interventions to promote forgiveness: A meta-analysis. J Consult Clin Psychol 2014;82:154-170.
    • 22. Worthington Jr EL, Lavelock C, vanOyen Witvliet C, Rye MS, Tsang J-A, Toussaint L. Measures of Forgiveness: Self-Report, Physiological, Chemical, and Behavioral Indicators. In: Boyle GJ, Saklofske DH, Matthews G eds. Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Constructs. Oxford: Academic Press, 2014:474- 502.
    • 23. Toussaint L, Shields GS, Dorn G, Slavich GM. Effects of lifetime stress exposure on mental and physical health in young adulthood: How stress degrades and forgiveness protects health. J Health Psychol 2014:1-11.
    • 24. Toussaint L, Webb JR. Theoretical and Empirical Connections Between Forgiveness and Mental Health and Well-Being. In: Worthington EL ed. Handbook of Forgiveness. New York, NY: Brunner-Routledge, 2005:349-362.
    • 25. Toussaint LL, Owen AD, Cheadle A. Forgive to live: forgiveness, health, and longevity. J Behav Med 2012;35:375-86.
    • 26. Whited MC, Wheat AL, Larkin KT. The influence of forgiveness and apology on cardiovascular reactivity and recovery in response to mental stress. J Behav Med 2010;33:293-304.
    • 27. Witvliet CV, Ludwig TE, Vander Laan KL. Granting forgiveness or harboring grudges: implications for emotion, physiology, and health. Psychol Sci 2001;12:117- 123.
    • 28. Rippentrop AE, Altmaier EM, Chen JJ, Found EM, Keffala VJ. The relationship between religion/spirituality and physical health, mental health, and pain in a chronic pain population. Pain 2005;116:311-321.
    • 29. Carson JW, Keefe FJ, Goli V, Fras AM, Lynch TR, Thorp SR, Buechler JL. Forgiveness and chronic low back pain: A preliminary study examining the relationship of forgiveness to pain, anger, and psychological distress. J Pain 2005;6:84-91.
    • 30. Worthington EL, Scherer M. Forgiveness is an emotion-focused coping strategy that can reduce health risks and promote health resilience: Theory, review, and hypotheses. Psychology & Health 2004;19:385-405.
    • 31. Worthington E. Forgiveness and Reconciliation: Theory and Application. New York: Routledge, 2006.
    • 32. Toussaint L, Overvold-Ronningen M, Vincent A, Luedtke C, Whipple M, Schriever T, Luskin F. Implications of forgiveness enhancement in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. J Health Care Chaplain 2010;16:123-39.
    • 33. Offenbächer M, Dezutter J, Vallejo M, Toussaint L. The Role of Forgiveness in Chronic Pain and Fibromyalgia. In: Toussaint L, Worthington E, Williams D eds. Forgiveness and health: Scientific evidence and theories relating forgiveness to better health. Netherlands: Springer., 2016.
    • 34. Toussaint LL, Vincent A, Whipple MO, McAllister SJ, Finnie DM, Hathaway JC, Oh TH, Fleming KC, Douglas KSV. Forgiveness education in fibromyalgia: A qualitative inquiry. Pain Studies and Treatment 2014;2014.
    • 35. Mauger PA, Perry JE, Freeman T, Grove DC, McBride AG, McKinney K. The measurement of forgiveness: preliminary research. J Psychol Christianity 1992;11:170-180.
    • 36. Guillemin F, Bombardier C, Beaton D. Cross-cultural adaptation of health-related quality of life measures: literature review and proposed guidelines. J Clin Epidemiol 1993;46:1417-32.
    • 37. Wolfe F. Pain extent and diagnosis: development and validation of the regional pain scale in 12,799 patients with rheumatic disease. J Rheumatol 2003;30:369-78.
    • 38. Zigmond AS, Snaith RP. The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta Psychiatr Scand 1983;67:361-70.
    • 39. Hinz A, Schwarz R. Hopital Anxiety and Depression Scale - Deutsche Version (HADS-D). Diagnostica 2002;48:112-113.
    • 40. Burckhardt CS, Clark SR, Bennett RM. Fibromyalgia and quality of life: a comparative analysis. J Rheumatol 1993;20:475-9.
    • 41. Offenbächer M, Sauer S, Kohls N, Waltz M, Schoeps P. Quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia: validation and psychometric properties of the German Quality of Life Scale (QOLS-G). Rheumatol Int 2012;32:3243-3252.
    • 42. Gandek B, Ware JE, Aaronson NK, Apolone G, Bjorner JB, Brazier JE, Bullinger M, Kaasa S, Leplege A, Prieto L, Sullivan M. Cross-validation of item selection and scoring for the SF-12 Health Survey in nine countries: results from the IQOLA Project. International Quality of Life Assessment. J Clin Epidemiol 1998;51:1171-8.
    • 43. Spielberger CD. The State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (STAXI-2): Professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources (PAR), 1999.
    • 44. Cohen J, Cohen P. Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1983.
    • 45. Worthington EL, Witvliet CVO, Pietrini P, Miller AJ. Forgiveness, health, and wellbeing: A review of evidence for emotional versus decisional forgiveness, dispositional forgivingness, and reduced unforgiveness. J Behav Med 2007;30:291-302.
    • 46. Svalina SS, Webb JR. Forgiveness and health among people in outpatient physical therapy. Disabil Rehabil 2012;34:383-92.
    • 47. Toussaint LL, Marschall JC, Williams DR. Prospective associations between religiousness/spirituality and depression and mediating effects of forgiveness in a nationally representative sample of United States adults. Depression Research and Treatment 2012;2012.
    • 48. Wilson T, Milosevic A, Carroll M, Hart K, Hibbard S. Physical health status in relation to self-forgiveness and other-forgiveness in healthy college students. J Health Psychol 2008;13:798-803.
    • 49. Sirois FM, Molnar DS. Perfectionism, health, and well-being. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
    • 50. Terry ML, Leary MR. Self-compassion, self-regulation, and health. Self and Identity 2011;10:352-362.
    • 51. Sirois FM. A self-regulation resource model of self-compassion and health behavior intentions in emerging adults. Prev Med Rep 2015;2:218-222.
    • 52. Lee YR, Enright RD. A forgiveness intervention for women with fibromyalgia who were abused in childhood: A pilot study. Spiritual Clin Pract 2014;1:203-217.
    • 53. Enright RD, Fitzgibbons RP. Helping clients forgive: An empirical guide for resolving anger and restoring hope. In: Enright RD, Fitzgibbons RP eds. The process model of forgiveness therapy. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2000: 65-88.
    • 54. Worthington EL. Five steps to forgiveness: The art and science of forgiving. New York: Crown, 2001.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Cookies make it easier for us to provide you with our services. With the usage of our services you permit us to use cookies.
More information Ok