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Jarman, Rebecca; Janko, Balazs; Harwin, William S. (2015)
Languages: English
Types: Unknown
Actuators for haptic devices tend to have a different set of requirements in comparison to many other engineering applications. Small permanent magnet DC electric motors are commonly used as actuators in haptic devices and, in operation, tend to spend a significant period of time in a `stalled' condition where they are attempting to oppose an applied force. Ideally a haptic actuator together with its power amplifier exchange energy reversibly with the mechanical loads. However this is not feasible at room temperature and to achieve good force performance results in energy loss as heat in the motor windings. This paper identifies the relationship between heat loss and force generation in haptic electromagnetic actuators. The work then presents results on current over-stressing of small DC motors so as to understand the risks of demagnetisation against thermal damage to the armature. Results indicate that it should be possible to apply short current over-stresses to commercial DC permanent magnet motors to increase end point force. Also by paying careful attention to heat dissipation in the design of small permanent magnet actuators motors, it should be possible to improve the overall performance of actuators for haptic applications.
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