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Evans, Robert (2005)
Languages: English
Types: Article

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: parasitic diseases
Eroding slopes within a small catchment in the Peak District, Central England, and its environs have been monitored since 1966. A reduction in sheep grazing pressure in the late 1960s, due to a harsh winter and a poor crop of lambs, led to colonisation of bare soil on lower slopes, but not on higher exposed slopes. Sheep grazing pressure was permanently reduced in the 1980s as part of a new grazing regime. Many formerly eroding sheep scars in the small catchment have over time become completely colonised by vegetation and only those scars still actively used by sheep remain. It took two decades before vegetation began to invade the bare soil on the higher slopes. There, it was not until all the peat and the underlying leached (Ea) soil horizon was stripped off that vegetation was re-established. Colonisation is a rapid process and c.80% of the bare soil is covered within 5–10 years. Factors other than sheep grazing pressure that exacerbated erosion were a cooling climate in the 1960s and the presence of cattle on the slopes. Temperatures have risen since then and cattle no longer graze the slopes.
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    • Anderson, P. & Radford, E. (1994). Changes in vegetation following reduction in grazing pressure on the National Trust's Kinder Estate, Peak District, Derbyshire, England. Biological Conservation 69, 55-63.
    • Anderson, P. & Yalden, D. W. (1981). Increased sheep numbers and the loss of heather moorland in the Peak District, England. Biological Conservation 20, 195-213.
    • CEC (2002). Mid-Term Review of the Common Agricultural Policy. Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament. COM (2002) 394 final, Commission of the European Communities, Brussels.
    • EA (2000). The State of the Environment in England and Wales: The Land. Commissioned by Environment Agency. The Stationery Office, London.
    • EA (2002). Agriculture and natural resources: benefits, costs and potential solutions.
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