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Rüdel, Heniz; Diaz Muñiz, Cristina; Garelick, Hemda; Kandile, Nadia; Miller, Bradley; Pantoja Munoz, Leonardo; Peijnenburg, Willie J. G. M.; Purchase, Diane; Shevah, Yehuda; Van Sprang, Patrick; Vijer, Martina; Vink, Jos P. M. (2015)
Publisher: Springer
Languages: English
Types: Article
After the scientific development of Biotic Ligand Models (BLMs) in recent decades these models are now considered suitable for implementation in regulatory risk assessment of metals in freshwater bodies. The approach has been developed over several years and has been described in many peer-reviewed publications. The original complex BLMs have been applied in prospective risk assessment reports for metals and metal compounds and are also recommended as suitable concepts for the evaluation of monitoring data in the context of the European Water Framework Directive. Currently, several user-friendly BLM-based bioavailability software tools are available for assessing the aquatic toxicity of a limited number of metals (mainly copper, nickel, and zinc). These tools need only a basic set of water parameters as input (e.g., pH, hardness, dissolved organic matter and dissolved metal concentration). Such tools seem appropriate to foster the implementation in routine water quality assessments. This work aims to review the existing bioavailability-based regulatory approaches and the application of available BLM-based bioavailability tools for this purpose. Advantages and possible drawbacks of these tools (e.g., feasibility, boundaries of validity) are discussed, and recommendations for further implementation are given.
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    • Peters et al., 2011 Peters et al., 2011 Peters et al., 2011 Calculated from De Schamphelaere and Janssen 2004
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