Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Languages: English
Types: Article
Small specimen creep testing techniques are novel mechanical test techniques that have been developed over the past 25 years. They mainly include the sub-size uniaxial test, the small punch creep test, the impression creep test, the small ring creep test and the two-bar creep test. This paper outlines the current methods in practice for data interpretation as well as the state-of-the-art procedures for conducting the tests. Case studies for the use of impression creep testing and material strength ranking of creep resistant steels are reviewed along with the requirement for the standardisation of the impression creep test method. A database of small specimen creep testing is required to prove the validity of the tests.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 2. Naveena, V. Vijayanand, V. Ganesan, K. Laha, and M. Mathew: 'Application of Impression Creep Technique for Development of Creep Resistant Austenitic Stainless Steel', Procedia Engineering, 2013, 55, 585 - 590: doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.03.299: 6th International Conference on Creep, Fatigue and Creep-Fatigue Interaction.
    • 3. M. Mathew, J. G. Kumar, V. Ganesan, and K. Laha: 'Small Punch Creep Studies for Optimization of Nitrogen Content in 316LN SS for Enhanced Creep Resistance', Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A:, 2013, 45a, 731-737.
    • 4. T. H. Hyde, C. J. Hyde, and W. Sun: 'A Basis for Selecting the Most Appropriate Small Specimen Creep Test Type', Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 2014, 136, 024502.
    • 5. T. Hyde, and W. Sun: 'Some Considerations on Specimens Types for Small Sample Creep Tests.', Materials at High Temperatures, 2010, 27(3), 157-165.
    • 6. T. Hyde, C. Hyde, and W. Sun: 'Theoretical Basis and Practical Aspects of Small Specimen Creep Testing.', Journal of Strain Analysis, 2012, 48(2), 112-125.
    • 7. A. Garzillo, G. C., L. Moscotti, and R. L.: 'A Technique for the Residual Rife Assessment of High Temperature Components Based on Creep-Rupture Testing Welded Miniature Specimens', International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 1996, 66, 223-232.
    • 8. M. Askins, and K. Marchant: 'Estimating the Remanent Life of Boiler Pressure Parts': Tech. Rep., EPRI, 1987.
    • 9. Y. Kadoya, T. Goto, S. Date, T. Yamauchi, T. Saida, and T. Sada: 'Assesment of remaining life of fossil power plant parts by means of a miniature creep rupture test', ISIJ International, 1990, 30(10), 854-861.
    • 10. T. H. Hyde, W. Sun, and S. J. Brett: 'Some Recommendations on the Standardization of Impression Creep Testing', In: Creep & Fracture in High Temperature Components Design & Life Assessment. 2, ECCC, 2009:.
    • 11. S. Brett: 'Small Scale Sampling and Impression Creep Testing Applied to Aged CrMoV Steam Pipework Systems.', In: EPRI International Conference on Advances in Condition and Remaining Life Assessment for Fossil Power Plants Coal, Gas and HRSG. Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, 2012:.
    • 12. S. J. Brett, B. Kuhn, J. H. Rantala, and C. J. Hyde: 'Impression Creep Testing for Material Characterization in Development and Application', In: Materials for Advanced Power Engineering. 10th, Liege, Belgium, 2014.
    • 13. T. H. Hyde, K. A. Yehia, and A. A. Becker: 'Interpretation of Impression Creep Data Using a Reference Stress Approach', International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 1993, 35, 451-462.
    • 14. T. Hyde, and W. Sun: 'Multi-step Load Impression Creep Tests for a 1/2Cr1/2Mo1/4V Steel at 565C.', Strain, 2001, 37, 99-103.
    • 15. W. Sun, T. Hyde, and S. Brett: 'Small Specimen Creep Testing and Application for Power Plant Component Remaining Life Assessment', In: Integrity, Reliability and Failure of Mechanical Systems. IRF, 2013:.
    • 16. B. Gulcimen, and P. Hahner: 'Determination of Creep Properties of a P91Weldment by Small Punch Testing and a New Evaluation Approach', Materials Science & Engineering, A:, 2013, 588, 125-131.
    • 17. J. P. Rouse, F. Cortellino, W. Sun, T. H. Hyde, and J. Shingledecker: 'Small Punch Creep Testing: Review on Modelling and Data Interpretation', Materials Science and Technology, 2013, 29(11), 1328-1345.
    • 18. P. Dymcek, and F. Dobe: 'Small Punch Testing of Exposed High-Pressure Steam Pipelines', In: Pressure Vessels and Piping. Paris, France: ASME, 2013:.
    • 19. C. W. Agreement: 'Small Punch Test Method for Metallic Materials', CEN, 2006, Brussels, Belgium.
    • 20. J. Chakrabarty: 'A Theory of Stretch Forming over Hemispherical Punch Heads',International journal of mechanical sciences, 1969, 12, 315-325.
    • 21. T. Hyde, and W. Sun: 'Interpretation of Small Punch Creep Test Data for Ductile Materials', Metallurgical Journal, 2010, 63, 25-33.
    • 22. F. Cortellino, J. Rouse, W. Sun, and T. Hyde: 'A Study on the e↵ect of initial plasticity on the small punch creep test for a P91 Steel at 600oC', In: SSTT - Determination of mechanical properties of materials by small punch and other miniature testing techniques. Graz, Austria, 2014:.
    • 23. Z. Yang, and Z. wen Wang: 'Relationship Between Strain and Central Deflection in Small Punch Creep Specimens', International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 2003, 80, 370-404.
    • 24. K. Kobayashi, I. Kajihara, H. Koyama, and G. Stratford: 'Deformation and Fracture Modes during Small Punch Creep Tests', Journal of Solid Mechanics and Materials Engineering, 2010, 4, 75-86.
    • 25. D. Blagoeva, and R. Hurst: 'Application of the CEN (European Committee for Standardization) Small Punch Creep Testing Code of Practice to a Representative Repair Welded P91 Pipe', Materials Science & Engineering: A, 2009, 510-511, 219-223.
    • 26. W. Sun, and T. H. Hyde: 'Determination fo Secondary Creep Properties Using a Small Ring Creep Test Technique', Metallurgical Journal, 2010, 53, 185-193.
    • 27. C. Hyde, T.H.Hyde, W.Sun, S.Nardone, and E. D. Bruycker: 'Small ring Testing of a Creep Resistant Material', Materials Science & Engineering A, 2013, 586, 358-366.
    • 28. T. H. Hyde, and W. Sun: 'A Novel, High-Sensitivity, Small Specimen Creep Test', Journal of Strain, 2009, 44, 171-185.
    • 29. T. H. Hyde, B. S. M. Ali, and W. Sun: 'Analysis and Design of a Small, Two-Bar Creep Test Specimen', Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 2013, 135, 041006.
    • 31. T. H. Hyde, K. A. Yehia, and A. A. Becker: 'Interpretation of Impression Creep Data Using a Reference Stress Approach', International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 1993, 35(6), 451-462.
    • 32. T. Hyde, M. Stoyanov, W. Sun, and C. Hyde: 'On the Interpretation of Results from Small Punch Creep Tests', Journal of Stain Analysis, 2009, 45, 141-164.
    • 33. A. C. Mackenzie: 'On the Use of a Sing Uniaxial Test to Estimate Deformation Rates in Some Structures Undergoing Creep', International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 1967, 10, 441-458.
    • 34. R. Sim: 'Reference Stress Concepts in the Analysis of Structures During Creep', International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 1970, 12, 561.
    • 35. R. Sim: 'Evaluation of Reference Parameters for Structures Subjected to Creep', Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 1971, 13, 47.
    • 36. A. Tonti: '8 - Residual life evaluation techniques, defect assessment procedures and monitoring in coal power plants': In: A. Shibli, ed. Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment. Woodhead Publishing: ISBN 978-0-85709-431-5, 2014:199 - 228: doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1533/9780857097323.2.199.
    • 37. B. Dogan, and T. Hyde: 'Industrial Application of Small Punch Testing for In- Service Component Condition Assesment: An Overview', In: Pressure Vessels and Piping. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: ASME, 2012:.
    • 38. S. Brett: 'The Application of Small Scale Sampling and Impression Creep Testing to Power Plant', In: ECCC Conference: Creep & Fracture. Rome, Italy, 2014:.
    • 39. J. Janovec, D. Polachova, and M. Junek: 'Lifetime Assessment of a Steam Pipeline', Acta Polytechnica, 2012, 52, 74-79.
    • 40. J. D. Parker, and J. Purmenski: 'Assesment of Performance by Monitoring In-service Changes in Materials Properties', In: 9th Euro. Conf. on Fracture, Reliability and Structural Integrity of Advanced Materials. Varna, 1992:1051-1056.
    • 41. A. Dedov, I. Klevtsov, T. Lausama, and D. Neshumayev: 'Method of Small Samples for Assessment of Properties of Power Plant Components: Sampling Devices and Stress Concentration in Dimples', In: J. Veivo, and P. Auerkari, eds. Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants, vol. 2. Helsinki, Finland, 2007:180-192.
    • 42. Rolls-Royce: 'Scoop sampling extraction of material samples for examination and analysis': 2010: Last accessed: 13/06/2015.
    • 43. T. Hyde, and W. Sun: 'Application of Impression Creep Test Data for the Assessment of Service Exposed Power Plant Components', Metallurgical Journal, 2010, 58, 138-145.
    • 44. B. Dogan: 'Sampling and Small Punch Testing in the Power Generation Industry', In: Determination of the Mechanical Properties of Materials by Small Punch Testing and Other Miniature Testing Techniques. Ostrava, CZ, 2010:.
    • 45. J. P. Rouse, W. Sun, and T. Hyde: 'The E↵ects of Scoop Sampling on the Creep Behaviour of Power Plant Straight Pipes', Journal of Strain Analysis, 2013, 48(8), 494-511.
    • 46. S. Brett, J. Rantala, and S. Holmstrom: 'Practical Application of Impression Creep Data to Power Plant', In: Baltica IX: Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Helsinki-Stockholm-Helsinki, Finland, 2013:.
    • 47. W. Sun, T. H. Hyde, and S. J. Brett: 'Application of Impression Creep Data in Life Assessment of Power Plant Materials at High Temperatures', Journal of Materials Design and Applications, 2008, 222, 175-182.
    • 48. T. H. Hyde, W. Sun, and C. J. Hyde: Applied Creep Mechanics: McGraw Hill, 2014.
    • 49. Y. Li, and R. Sturm: 'Determination of Creep Properties from Small Punch Creep Test', In: ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Division Conference. Chicago, illinois, 2008:.
    • 50. D. Blagoeva, Y. Li, and R. Hurst: 'Qualification of P91 Welds Through Small Punch Creep Testing', Journal of Nuclear Materials, 2011, 409, 124-130.
    • 51. T. Hyde, and B. Ali: 'On the Determination of Material Creep Constants Using Miniature Creep Test Specimens', Journal of Materials Engineering Technology, 2014, 136, 021006.
    • 52. 'Metallic materials Uniaxial creep testing in tension Method of test BS EN ISO 204:2009': 2009.
    • 53. D. Blagoeva, N. Taylor, and R. Hurst: 'State-of-the-Art Report on Application of Miniaturized Testing Techniques to Support Life Management Decisions for Nuclear Plants': Tech. Rep., JRC, 2007.
    • 56. F. Larson, and J. Miller: 'A Time-temperature Relationship for Rupture and Creep Stresses', Trans. ASME, 1952, 74, 765-775.
    • 57. T. Izaki, T. Kobayashi, J. Kusumoto, and A. Kanaya: 'A Creep Life Assessment Method for Boiler Pipes using Small Punch Creep Test', International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 2009, 86, 637-642.
    • 58. Z. Abdallah, V. Gray, M. Whittaker, and K. Perkins: 'A Critical Analysis of the Conventionally Employed Creep Lifing Methods', Materials, 2014, 7, 3371-3398.
    • 59. S. Jeffs, R. Lancaster, and T. Garcia: 'Creep Lifing Methodologies Applied to a Single Crystal Superalloy by use of Small Scale Test Techniques', Materials Science and Engineering: A, 2015, 636, 529-535.
    • 60. B. Wilshire, and P. Scharning: 'Creep ductilities of 9 − 12% chromium steels', Scripta Materialia, 2007, 56(12), 1023 - 1026: doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scriptamat.2007.03.003.
    • 61. M. Prager: 'The Omega MethodAn Engineering Approach to Life Assessment', Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 2000, 122, 273-280.
    • 64. S. J. Brett: 'Case Study: Early type IV cracking on two retrofit grade 91 steel headers': Tech. Rep., RWE npower, 2008.
    • 65. S. Brett: 'The Practical Application of Small Scale Sampling and lmpression Creep Testing to Grade 91 Components', In: 7th International Conference on Advances in Materials Technology for Fossil Power Plants. Hawaii, USA: EPRI, 2013:.
    • 66. F. Dobes, and K. Milikcka: 'Application of Creep Small Punch Testing in Assessment of Creep Lifetime', Materials Science and Engineering A, 2009, 1, 510-511.
    • 67. F. Hou, H. Xu, Y. Wang, and L. Zhang: 'Determination of Creep Property of 1.25Cr0.5Mo Pearlitic Steels by Small Punch Test', Engineering Failure Analysis, 2013, 28, 215-221.
    • 68. B. Kim: 'Small Punch Creep Behavior and Nondestructive Evaluation of Long Term Aged AISI 316L Stainless Steel', Internatinal Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, 2013, 14(7), 1267-1270.
    • 69. H. Nobakhti, and N. Soltani: 'Evaluating Small Punch Test as Accelerated Creep Test Using LarsonMiller Parameter', Experimental Techniques, 2014, , 1-6.
    • 70. J. G. Kumar, K. Laha, and M. Mathew: 'Small Punch Creep Testing Technique for Remnant Life Assesment', Applied Mechanics and Materials, 2014, 392-394, 739-743.
    • 71. K. Harris, and J. Wahl: 'Improved Single Crystal Superalloys, CMSX-4 (SLS) [La+Y] and CMSX-486', Superalloys, 2004, 1, 45-52.
    • 72. R. C. Reed: 'The Superalloys: Fundamentals and Applications' Cambridge University Press. 2006
    • 73. A. Shibli, and K. Coleman: 'Failures of P91 steel at the West Burton plant in England raise concerns about the long term behavior of the advanced steel': Tech. Rep., ETD, EPRI, 2003.
    • 74. F. Abe: '1 - Grade 91 heat-resistant martensitic steel ': In: A. Shibli, ed. Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment. Woodhead Publishing: ISBN 978-0- 85709-431-5, 2014:3 - 51: doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1533/9780857097323.1.3.
    • 75. L. Cipolla, and J. Gabrel: 'New Creep Rupture Assessment of Grade 91', In: Industry and Research Experience in the Use of P/T91 in HRSGs/Boilers. London, UK, 2005:.
    • 76. T. Pollock: 'Nickel-Based Superalloys for Advanced Turbine Engines: Chemistry, Microstructure and Properties', Journal of Propulsion and Power, 2006, 22(2): 361- 374.
    • 77. ECCC: 'Data Acceptability Criteria and Data Generation: Recommendations for Creep Testing of Post Exposed (Ex-Service) Materials': 2014.
    • 78. J. P. Rouse, W. Sun, T.H. Hyde and A. Morris: 'Comparative assessment of several creep damage models for use in life prediction', International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping. 2013, 81-87.
    • 79. BSI: 'BS EN 10216-2:2013 Seamless steel tubes for pressure purposes - Technical delivery conditions. Part 2: Non-alloy and alloy steel tubes with specified elevated temperature properties' . BSI Standards Limited 2013.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article