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Publisher: Oxford University Press
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: health care economics and organizations
Background\ud Screening and Brief Interventions for alcohol are an effective public health measure to tackle\ud alcohol-related harm, however relatively few countries across the European Union (EU) have\ud implemented them widely. This may be due to a lack of understanding of the specific financial\ud implications of such policies within each country.\ud Methods\ud A novel ‘meta-modelling’ approach was developed based on previous SBI cost-effectiveness models\ud for four EU countries. Data was collected on the key factors which drive cost-effectiveness for all 28\ud EU countries (mean per capita alcohol consumption, proportion of the population to be screened\ud over a 10-year SBI programme; per capita alcohol-attributable mortality; per capita alcoholattributable\ud morbidity; mean cost of an alcohol-related hospitalisation and mean SBI-delivery staff\ud cost). Regression analysis was used to fit two meta-models estimating net programme costs and\ud quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) gained, to calculate cost-effectiveness estimates specific to each\ud EU country.\ud Results\ud Costs are dependent upon the proportion of the population covered by the screening programme,\ud the country-specific per capita mortality and morbidity rate and the country-specific costs of GP care\ud and hospitalisation. QALYs depend on the proportion of the population screened and per capita\ud alcohol consumption. Despite large inter-country variability in factor values, SBI programmes are\ud likely to be cost-effective in 24 out of 28 EU countries and cost-saving in about 50% of countries.\ud Conclusion\ud Implementing national programmes of SBI in primary health care would be a cost-effective means of\ud reducing alcohol-attributable morbidity and deaths in almost all countries of the EU.

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  • EC | ODHIN

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