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Lee, M.J.; Daniels, S.L.; Drake, T.M.; Adam, I.J. (2016)
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Languages: English
Types: Article
BACKGROUND: Ischaemic colitis is an infrequent but serious complication following repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), with high mortality rates. This systematic review set out to identify risk factors for the development of ischaemic colitis after AAA surgery. METHODS: A systematic search of the MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases was performed. This search was limited to studies published in the English language after 1990. Abstracts were screened by two authors. Eligible studies were obtained as full text for further examination. Data was extracted by two authors, and any disputes were resolved via consensus. Extracted data was pooled using Mantel-Haenszel random effects models. Bias was assessed using two Cochrane-approved tools. Effect sizes are expressed as relative risk ratios alongside the 95 % confidence interval. Statistical significance was defined at the level of p < 0.05. RESULTS: From 388 studies identified in the initial search, 33 articles were included in the final synthesis and analysis. Risk factors were grouped into patient (female gender, disease severity) and operative factors (peri-procedural hypotension, operative modality). The risk of ischaemic colitis was significantly higher when undergoing emergency repair versus elective (risk ratio (RR) 7.36, 3.08 to 17.58, p < 0.001). Endovascular repair reduced the likelihood of ischaemic colitis (RR 0.22, 0.12 to 0.39, p < 0.001). DISCUSSION: The quality of published evidence on this subject is poor with many retrospective datasets and inconsistent reporting across studies. Despite this, emergency presentation and open repair should prompt close monitoring for the development of IC.

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