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Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: RS, RM

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: lipids (amino acids, peptides, and proteins)
The present article is aimed to outline the current state of knowledge regarding the effects of lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk by summarizing the recent results of studies, meta-analyses and systematic reviews. The literature supports the predictive value of Lp(a) on CVD outcomes, although the effect size is modest. Lp(a) would also appear to have an effect on cerebrovascular outcomes, with the effect appearing even smaller than that for CVD outcomes. Consideration of apolipoprotein apolipoprotein(a) (apo (a)) isoforms and LPA genetics in relation to the simple assessment of Lp(a) concentration may enhance improving clinical practice in vascular medicine. We also describe recent advances in Lp(a) research (including therapies) and highlight areas where further research is needed such as the measurement of Lp(a) and its involvement in additional pathophysiological processes.
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