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Zhou, Z.; Kang, J.; Zou, Z.; Wang, H. (2017)
Publisher: Sage Publications
Languages: English
Types: Article
To improve the acoustic environment of residential blocks, noise mapping is employed in this study to analyze traffic noise distribution and the influence factors of four types of residential blocks in China. The study shows that high-rise small blocks have the highest average noise level (Lavg) for ground and building facades, followed by small low-rise blocks while modern residential blocks yield the lowest value. An analysis of the standard deviation (STD) of spatial statistical noise level (Ln) shows that the STD of the ground and building fa├žade of two types of small blocks is higher than that of other blocks. The analysis of influence factors indicates that the lot area of residential block has significant negative correlation with ground and building facade average noise level (Lavg), and street coverage ratio (SCR) has significant positive correlation with ground and building facade average noise level (Lavg). In low-rise and high-rise small blocks, ground space index (GSI) has significant negative correlation with ground and building facade average noise level (Lavg); street interface density (SID) has significant positive correlation with the STDs of ground and building facade noise. Floor space index (FSI) shows significant positive correlation with the STDs of ground and building facade noise in low-rise small blocks
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