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Malalgoda, Chamindi; Amaratunga, Dilanthi; Keraminiyage, Kaushal; Haigh, Richard (2016)
Publisher: Tampere University of Technology. Department of Civil Engineering
Languages: English
Types: Part of book or chapter of book
Subjects: H1, HD
Over the last decade, a series of increasingly devastated natural disasters have been witnessed\ud across the world. The disaster threats were further aggravated due to various social, economic\ud and environmental trends, such as, growing population, urbanisation, inequality and global\ud environmental change. This demanded a more proactive approach to reduce the vulnerability\ud and exposure, and to increase resilience. For proper implementation of resilience measures,\ud various efforts are required from construction practitioners. Accordingly, construction\ud practitioners are expected to play a key role at each stage of the disaster management cycle.\ud However, recent literature concerning disasters has highlighted the inadequate engagement of\ud the construction industry in reducing the risk of disasters. This emphasises the need to engage\ud the construction professionals adequately, in achieving a resilient built environment. Therefore,\ud it is of paramount importance to provide construction industries with the necessary capacity and\ud capability to plan, design, build and operate in such a way that will reduce vulnerability and\ud exposure, and increase resilience. In order to address this challenge, CADRE (Collaborative\ud Action towards Disaster Resilience Education), which is an EU funded research project, intends\ud to develop an innovative professional doctoral programme that addresses the career needs, and\ud upgrade the knowledge and skills, of practising professionals working to make communities\ud more resilient to disasters. Accordingly, the first phase of the research involved, capturing the\ud needs of 5 stakeholder groups associated in disaster resilience and management as well as\ud current and emerging skills and ultimately knowledge gaps, applicable to construction\ud practitioners towards enhancing societal resilience to disasters. In this context, the paper aims to\ud analyse the current and emerging knowledge gaps of construction practitioners as highlighted\ud by the national and local government stakeholders. Accordingly, the paper provides an\ud extensive analysis of knowledge gaps, which were captured via 20 semi-structured interviews\ud with national and local government stakeholders. Knowledge gaps were analysed in relation to\ud social, technological, environmental, economic and institutional factors and property life-cycle\ud stages. Some of the key knowledge gaps identified in the study are, business continuation\ud management; damage assessments and claims; financing, budgeting and estimating; building\ud codes, regulations and planning; resilient buildings and infrastructure; community\ud empowerment; stakeholder management; legal frameworks and compliance; disaster risk\ud assessment; environmental impact assessment and management; and knowledge management.
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    • Bosher L, Dainty A, Carrillo P, Glass J. and Price A. (2007) “Integrating disaster risk management into construction: a UK perspective.” Building Research and Information, 35: 163- 177.
    • Bosher L (2014) “Built-in resilience through disaster risk reduction: operational issues.” Building Research and Information 42(2): 240-254.
    • Cacioppo J.T, Harry T.R and Zautra A.J (2011) “Social resilience: The Value of Social Fitness with an Application to the Military.” American Psychologist 66: 43-51.
    • Gaillard J.C and Mercer J (2012) “From knowledge to action: Briding gaps in disaster risk reduction”, Progress in Human Geography 1-22.
    • Haigh R. and Amaratunga, D. (2010) “An integrative review of the built environment discipline's role in the development of society's resilience to disasters.” International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, 1(1): 11-24.
    • Ireni-Saban L (2012) “Challenging disaster administration: towards community-based disaster resilience.” Administration & Society 45(6): 651-673.
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