Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Fox, CL; Hunter, SC; Jones, SE (2015)
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Personality and Individual Differences
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: BF, Psychology(all)

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: sense organs, eye diseases, genetic structures, fluids and secretions
Attempting to understand how humor styles relate to psychological adjustment by correlating these two constructs fails to address the emerging understanding that individuals use combinations of humor styles, and that different combinations may be differentially associated with psychosocial adjustment. Indeed humor types have been identified in adult samples (Galloway, 2010; Leist & Müller, 2013). The main aim of the study was to explore whether similar humor types are evident at a younger age and whether these types can be distinguished\ud in terms of children's psychological and social well-being. Participants were 1234 adolescents (52% female) aged 11–13 years, drawn from six secondary schools in England. Self-reports of humor styles and psychosocial adjustment were collected at two time points, 6 months apart. A cluster analysis was performed using the child humor styles scores at Time 1. Four humor types were identified: ‘Interpersonal Humorists’ (high on aggressive and affiliative humor, low on self-defeating and self-enhancing humor), ‘Self-Defeaters’ (high self-defeating humor, low on the other three), ‘Humor Endorsers’ (high on all four humor styles), and ‘Adaptive Humorists’ (high on self-enhancing and affiliative humor, but low on aggressive and self-defeating\ud humor). ‘Self-Defeaters’ scored highest in terms of maladjustment across all of the outcomes measured. Our analyses support the presence of distinctive humor types in childhood and indicate that these are related to psychosocial adjustment.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Asher, S. R., Hymel, S., & Renshaw, P. D. (1984). Loneliness in children. Child Development, 55, 1456-1464.
    • Chen, S. T., & Martin, R. A. (2007). A comparison of humor styles, coping humor and mental health between Chinese and Canadian university students. HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research, 20, 215-234.
    • Conway, J. M., & Lance, C. E. (2010). What reviewers should expect from authors regarding common method bias in organizational research. Journal of Business and Psychology, 25, 325-334.
    • Dyck, K. T. H., & Holtzman, S. (2013). Understanding humor styles and well-being: The importance of social relationships and gender. Personality and Individual Differences, 55, 53-58.
    • Erickson, S. J., & Feldstein, S. W. (2007). Adolescent humor and its relationships to coping, defense strategies, psychological distress and well-being. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 37, 255-271.
    • Fox, C. L., Dean, S., & Lyford, K. (2013). Development of a humor styles questionnaire for children and young people. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 26, 295-319.
    • Fox, C. L., Hunter, S. C., & Jones, S. E. (2015). Reciprocity between humor styles and psychosocial adjustment in children. Unpublished manuscript.
    • Führ, M. (2002). Coping humor in early adolescence. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 15, 283-304.
    • Galloway, G. (2010). Individual differences in personal humor styles: Identification of prominent patterns and their associates. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 563-567.
    • Kazarian, S. S., & Martin, R. A. (2004). Humor styles, personality and well-being among Lebanese university students. European Journal of Personality, 18, 209-219.
    • Kovacs, M., & Beck, A. T. (1977). An empirical clinical approach toward a definition of childhood depression. In J. G. Schulterbrandt, & A. Raskin (Eds.), Depression in childhood: Diagnosis, treatment and conceptual models. New York: Raven.
    • Kuiper, N. A., Grimshaw, M., Leite, C., & Kirsh, G. A. (2004). Humor is not always the best medicine: Specific components of sense of humor and psychological well-being. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 17, 135-168.
    • Kuiper, N., Kirsh, G., & Leite, C. (2010). Reactions to humorous comments and implicit theories of humor styles. Europe's Journal of Psychology, 6, 149-173.
    • Leist, A. K., & Müller, D. (2013). Humor types show different patterns of self regulation, self-esteem and well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 14, 551-569.
    • Martin, R. A. (2007). The psychology of humor: An integrative approach. Burlington, MA: Elsevier Academic Press.
    • Martin, R. A., Puhlik-Doris, P., Larsen, G., Gray, J., & Weir, K. (2003). Individual differences in use of humor and their relation to psychological well-being: Development of the humor styles questionnaire. Journal of Research in Personality, 37, 48-75.
    • Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton: NJ: Princeton University Press.
    • Rotenberg, K. J., Boulton, M. J., & Fox, C. L. (2005). Cross-sectional and longitudinal relations among children's trust beliefs, internalised maladjustment and social relationships: Are very high as well as very low trusting children at risk? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 33, 595-610.
    • Saraglou, V., & Scariot, C. (2002). Humor styles questionnaire: Personality and educational correlates in Belgian high school and college students. European Journal of Personality, 16, 43-54.
    • Tucker, R. P., Wingate, L. R., O'Keefe, V. M. O., Slish, M. L., Judah, M. R., & Rhoades-Kerswill, S. (2013). The moderating effect of humor style on the relationship between interpersonal predictors of suicide and suicidal ideation. Personality and Individual Differences, 54, 610-615.
    • Yip, J. A., & Martin, R. A. (2006). Sense of humor, emotional intelligence and social competence. Journal of Research in Personality, 40, 1202-1208.
    • Ziegler-Hill, V., Besser, A., & Jett, S. E. (2013). Laughing at the looking glass: Does humor style serve as an interpersonal signal? Evolutionary Psychology, 11, 201-226.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article