LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Quantitative Biology - Populations and Evolution, Social Sciences, Statistical physics, Humans, Color, Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory, Computer Science - Multiagent Systems, Complex systems, Color Perception - Physiology, QC, Cross-Cultural Comparison, Language, Multiagent modeling, Models, Biological, Physics - Physics and Society, Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics, Computational cognitive science, Natural categorization
The empirical evidence that human color categorization exhibits some universal patterns beyond superficial discrepancies across different cultures is a major breakthrough in cognitive science. As observed in the World Color Survey (WCS), indeed, any two groups of individuals develop quite different categorization patterns, but some universal properties can be identified by a statistical analysis over a large number of populations. Here, we reproduce the WCS in a numerical model in which different populations develop independently their own categorization systems by playing elementary language games. We find that a simple perceptual constraint shared by all humans, namely the human Just Noticeable Difference (JND), is sufficient to trigger the emergence of universal patterns that unconstrained cultural interaction fails to produce. We test the results of our experiment against real data by performing the same statistical analysis proposed to quantify the universal tendencies shown in the WCS [Kay P and Regier T. (2003) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100: 9085-9089], and obtain an excellent quantitative agreement. This work confirms that synthetic modeling has nowadays reached the maturity to contribute significantly to the ongoing debate in cognitive science.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • [1] Berlin, B, Kay, P (1969) Basic Color Terms (Berkeley: University of California Press).
    • [2] Gardner, H (1985) The Mind's New Science: A History of the Cognitive Revolution (Basic Books, New York).
    • [3] Cook, R, Kay, P, Regier, T (2005) The World Color Survey database: history and use. Handbook of Categorisation in the Cognitive Sciences. Amsterdam and London: Elsevier.
    • [4] Whorf, B (1956) Language, Thought, and Reality: Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf ed Carroll, JB (MIT Press).
    • [5] Lakoff, G (1987) Women, fire, and dangerous things: What categories reveal about the mind (University of Chicago Press, Chicago).
    • [6] Taylor, J, Taylor, J (2003) Linguistic categorization (Oxford University Press New York).
    • [7] Murphy, G (2004) The big book of concepts (Bradford Book).
    • [8] Saunders, B, Van Brakel, J (1997) Are there nontrivial constraints on colour categorization? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20:167-179.
    • [9] Davidoff, J, Davies, I, Roberson, D (1999) Color categories in a stone age tribe. Nature 398:203-204.
    • [10] Roberson, D, Davies, I, Davidoff, J (2000) Color categories are not universal: Replications and new evidence from a stone-age culture. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 129:369-398.
    • [11] Roberson, D, Davidoff, J, Davies, I, Shapiro, LR (2005) Color categories: Evidence for the cultural relativity hypothesis. Cog. Psych. 50:378-411.
    • [12] Roberson, D, Hanley, J (2007) Color vision: Color categories vary with language after all. Current Biology 17:605-607.
    • [13] Kay, P, Regier, T (2003) Resolving the question of color naming universals. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100:9085-9089.
    • [14] MacLaury, R (1987) Color-category evolution and Shuswap yellow-with-green. American Anthropologist pp 107-124.
    • [15] Regier, T, Kay, P, Cook, RS (2005) Focal colors are universal after all. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102:8386-8391.
    • 0.25 0.5 stimulus 0.75 1.05 1.1 1.15 normalized Dispersion 1.2
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article