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Lee, Rona (2011)
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: K100, V500, L700, W100
An account of artistic research addressing the extra visual and extra geographic circumstances of the submaritime conducted at the National Oceanographic Centre, Southampton, 2007 – 10. \ud \ud During 2008–10, I was the Artist in Residence of the Leverhulme Trust, at the National Oceanography Centre, (NOCS), Southampton, working with sonar geophysicist Dr Tim Le Bas, exploring methods of seabed mapping and undersea survey. During this period I documented aspects of oceanographic study, learnt processes used by my scientific colleagues, conducted performative interventions and made works in direct response to the context of (NOCS). The\ud work produced was shown at an exhibition at University of Wales Institute, Cardiff in 2009 and will be developed into a larger exhibition at the John Hansard Gallery, Southampton in 2012. This article constitutes both a re-presentation of my primary research and a reflection on the methods I adopted to address the issues raised by my inquiries. Works produced are both referred to directly and represented via supplementary documentation.
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    • 1. A term used within the oceanographic community to highlight the necessity for remotely gathered information to be verified by direct sampling.
    • 2. Paul Carter, 'Dry Thinking: On Praying for Rain', written paper based on published essay 'Trockenes Denken: vom Verlust des Wasserbewustseins und von der Poesie des Fluiden', Lettre International, Winter 2008, pp. 76-81. www.ioe.sinica.edu.tw/ chinese/seminar/100612/paper/ FCarter.pdf [accessed 6 June 2011]
    • 3. Jeff Wall, 'Photography and Liquid Intelligence', in Jeff Wall, ed. Ivona Blazwick (London: Phaidon Press Ltd, 1996), pp. 90-93 (p. 93). Writing of the interplay of wet process and dry optics within analogue photography, Wall describes liquid intelligence as 'immersion in the incalculable'.
    • 4. Helen M. Rozwadowski, Fathoming the Ocean: The Discovery and Exploration of the Deep Sea (Cambridge, MA and London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2005), pp. 69 -71.
    • 5. See Paul Rodaway, Sensuous Geographies: Body, Sense, and Place (London: Routledge, 1994), pp. 48-54, for a discussion of imagined, extended, reach and global touch.
    • 6. Philip E. Steinberg, The Social Construction of the Ocean (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001); Philip E. Steinberg, 'The Maritime Mystique: Sustainable Development, Capital Mobility, and Nostalgia in the World Ocean', in Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, volume 17(4), (1999), pp. 403-26 (p. 403).
    • 7. Allan Sekula, Fish Story (Düsseldorf: Richter Verlag, 2003), p. 110.
    • 8. Sabine Höhler, A Sound Survey: The Technological Perception of Ocean Depth, 1850-1930, Mikael Hård, Andreas Lösch, Dirk Verdicchio (eds), Transforming Spaces. The Topological Turn in Technology Studies. (2003), pp. 1-17 (p. 9). www.ifs. tudarmstadt.de/gradkoll/ Publikationen/ transformingspaces.html [accessed 21 March 2011]
    • 9. See Rodaway, pp. 19-21, for a discussion of J. Gibson's ecological theory of perception as involving an active observer moving within a dynamic world.
    • 10. Erin Stepney, The Effect of Aerial Photography as a Structured Perception Upon Terrestrial Archaeological Survey, pp. 1-35 (p. 30). http://traumwerk. stanford.edu:3455/31/330 [accessed 17 February 2011]
    • 11. Christopher Connery, 'There was No More Sea: the Supersession of the Ocean, from the Bible to Cyberspace', Journal of Historical Geography, vol. 32 (July 2006), pp. 494-511.
    • 12. Steinberg, op. cit., p. 403.
    • 13. Roland Barthes, Mythologies, trans. Annette Lavers (London: Vintage, 2000), p. 112.
    • 14. Connery, op. cit., p. 497.
    • 15. Edward S. Casey Getting Back into Place - Toward a Renewed Understanding of the Place World (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana UP, 1993), p. xi.
    • 16. Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia, trans. Brian Massumi (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1987), pp. 474-82.
    • 17. Ibid., p. 474, '… the two spaces in fact exist only in mixture: smooth space is constantly being translated, transversed into a striated space; striated space is constantly being reversed, returned to a smooth space'.
    • 18. The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is a global international agreement that regulates the various zones of the world's oceans and seas and confers on all coastal States sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring and exploiting the natural resources of its continental shelf.
    • 19. Deleuze and Guattari, op. cit., p. 382.
    • 20. A constantly raining shower of organic debris that, if disturbed once it has settled on the bottom, explodes into swirling 'dust' clouds.
    • 21. Marianne Moore, 'A Grave', Complete Poems (New York: MacMillan, 1994), p. 49, in Connery, p. 508.
    • 22. Connery, op. cit., p. 494.
    • 23. Maurice Merleau-Ponty Phenomenology of Perception, trans. C. Smith (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 2002), p. 308.
    • 24. Casey, op. cit., Getting Back into Place, p. 67.
    • 25. Casey, op. cit. Getting Back into Place, p. 70.
    • 26. Rev 21:1 King James Bible.
    • 27. http://channel. nationalgeographic.com/episode/ drain-the-ocean-3639/Overview23 - tab-Videos/07062_00
    • 28. Alison Stone, Luce Irigaray and the Philosophy of Sexual Difference (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), p. 98.
    • 29. Eugene W. Holland, 'Nomad Citizenship and Global Democracy', in Deleuze and the Social, Martin Fuglsang, Bent Meier Sørensen (eds), (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2006), p. 191.
    • 30. Ibid., p. 192.
    • 31. Edward S. Casey, The Fate of Place - A Philosophical History (California: California University Press, 1997), p. 463, with reference to Thousand Plateaus, pp. 370-71.
    • 32. Casey, The Fate of Place, p. 303.
    • 33. Casey, The Fate of Place, p. 303.
    • 34. Elizabeth Grosz, Sexual Subversions - Three French Feminists (Australia: Allen and Unwin, 1989), p. 167.
    • 35. Luce Irigaray, 'Le corps-à-corps avec la mère' (Montreal: Editions de la pleine lune, 1981), pp. 48-49, in Grosz, p. 170.
    • 36. Peter Raisbeck, Marine and Underwater Cities 1960-1975, Additions to Architectural History: XIXth Annual Conference of the Society of Architectural Historians, 2002, 1-15 (p. 15), www. farooqhussain.org/pubs/Raisbeck_ Peter_2002.../download [accessed 24 March 2011]
    • 37. Ibid., p. 2.
    • 38. Ibid., p. 11.
    • 39. Ibid., p. 6.
    • 40. Ibid., p. 11.
    • 41. Ibid., p. 8.
    • 42. Jacques Rougerie, 'Thalassopolis II, Habiter La Mer', L'architecture d'aujourd'hui, No. 175, September / October 1974 in Raisbeck, op. cit., p. 15.
    • 43. Raisbeck, op. cit., p. 11.
    • 44. Piera Scuri, Design of Enclosed Spaces (New York: Chapman and Hall.1995), pp. 38-39.
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