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Powell, Susan
Publisher: Shaun Tyas
Languages: English
Types: Part of book or chapter of book
Subjects: mem_text_and_place
Manuale Sacerdotis, the priest’s handbook, is a five-part Latin text of between twelve and twenty chapters in each part, written probably at the end of the fourteenth or beginning of the fifteenth century by John Mirk, who was by then prior of the house of Austin canons at Lilleshall in Shropshire. Mirk’s choice of Latin as the medium for the Manuale explains why it has been overshadowed by his two other works, the Festial and the Instructions for Parish\ud Priests. Both these vernacular texts have been published, but Mirk’s third work, the Manuale, has not been printed, although it has been edited twice as doctoral theses. The most detailed treatment in print is that of Alan Fletcher on the manuscripts and the Manuale‘s place in the tradition of pastoralia. The recognition that the Manuale has been previously accorded is not, however, commensurate with its interest, as it is hoped that this article will demonstrate, and an edition incorporating a translation with en face Latin text is currently in preparation by the\ud present author in collaboration with James Girsch, on whose critical edition this article is dependent and to whose kindness and scholarship I am indebted.
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    • 13 On pastoralia and preaching, see Pantin, English Church, pp. 189-219, L. E. Boyle, Pastoral Care, Clerical Education and Canon Law (London, 1981), H. Leith Spencer, English Preaching in the Late Middle Ages (Oxford, 1993), pp. 196-227, and, in relation to the Festial, Powell, 'Pastoral Programme'. For The Lay Folk's Catechism, see the edition by T. F. Simmons and H. E. Nolloth (EETS OS 118, 1901).
    • 14 Cf. Instructions, ll. 1749-1838 passim (especially ll. 1825-34) and Manuale (MS Bodley 632, f. 87). If possible, the insect should be drunk, but, if not, it should be taken out and washed well over the chalice, after which the washing water should be drunk and the insect burnt.
    • 15 L. E. Boyle, 'The Oculus Sacerdotis and Some Other Works of William of Pagula', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th series, 5 (1955), 81-110.
    • 16 Owst, Preaching, p. 47 (fn. 1).
    • 17 Of the ten manuscripts with this greeting, MS Bodley 632 is the only one to have 'B', not 'I' or 'Iohanni': 'Amico suo karissimo domino B., uicario de A., Iohannes, dictus
    • 9 Quod sacerdos misericors et in elemosinis dandis hillaris esse debet, That the priest ought to be sympathetic and cheerful in giving alms, f. 95
    • 10 De sacerdote sene et deuoto, Concerning the devout old priest, f. 95v
    • 11 De sacerdote sene et discolo, Concerning the bad old priest, f. 96
    • 12 Quod sacerdos senex et bonus totum se confert diuinis exercijs, That the good old priest devotes himself wholly to divine exercises, f. 96
    • 13 Qualis debet esse cena sacerdotis, What the dinner of the priest ought to be like, 96v
    • 14 Quomodo se habebit sacerdos bonus post cenam, How the good priest will comport himself after dinner, f. 96v
    • 15 Oracio boni sacerdotis sedentis in lecto antequam cubat, The prayer of the good priest sitting up in bed before he lies down, f. 97
    • 16 Qualiter alloquitur prior cognatum suum de obseruancia premissorum, How the prior addresses his kinsman concerning the observance of the previous matters, f. 97
    • 17 Exemplum philomene et sagittarij, The exemplary story of the nightingale and the archer, f. 97
    • 18 De proprietatibus philomene, Concerning the properties of the nightingale, f. 97v
    • 19 De contemplacione penarum infernorum, Concerning the contemplation of the pains of hell, f. 97v
    • 20 De contemplacione celestium gaudiorum, Concerning the contemplation of the joys of heaven, f. 98
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