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Petrou, Stavros; Fraser, J. (James); Sidebotham, Peter (2014)
Publisher: Lancet Publishing Group
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: HQ, R1
Although high income countries have made substantial progress towards reducing child mortality over recent decades, rates vary markedly between and within countries, and modifiable factors continue to be identified in many deaths. A series of three articles in The Lancet has described the epidemiology of child mortality and a standardised approach to child death reviews in high income countries. Patterns of child mortality at different ages are delineated into five broad categories: perinatal, congenital, acquired natural, external, and unexplained; while contributory factors are described across four broad domains: factors intrinsic to the child, the physical environment, the social environment, and service delivery. This commentary attempts to draw on the conclusions of these three articles and make practical recommendations on strategies in three key areas with perhaps the greatest potential to further reduce child mortality in high income countries: perinatal conditions, particularly preterm birth; acquired natural conditions, such as sepsis or acute respiratory problems; and external causes, including road traffic fatalities.
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