Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Publisher: Wiley
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3207, need satisfaction, self, state authenticity, autobiographical narratives, affect and emotion, Social Psychology
We propose that the experience of state authenticity—the subjective sense of being one's true self—ought to be considered separately from trait authenticity as well as from prescriptions regarding what should make people feel authentic.

In Study 1 (N = 104), online participants rated the frequency of and motivation for experiences of authenticity and inauthenticity. Studies 2 (N = 268) and 3 (N = 93) asked (local or online, respectively) participants to describe their experiences of authenticity or inauthenticity. Participants in Studies 1 and 2 also completed measures of trait authenticity, and participants in Study 3 rated their experience with respect to several phenomenological dimensions.

Study 1 demonstrated that people are motivated to experience state authenticity and avoid inauthenticity and that such experiences are common, regardless of one's degree of trait authenticity. Coding of Study 2's narratives identified the emotions accompanying and needs fulfilled in each state. Trait authenticity generally did not qualify the nature of (in)authentic experiences. Study 3 corroborated the results of Study 2 and further revealed positive mood and nostalgia as consequences of reflecting on experiences of authenticity.

We discuss implications of these findings for conceptualizations of authenticity and the self.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Bargh, J.A., McKenna, J.A., & Fitzsimons, G.M. (2002). Can you see the real me? Activation A
    • Tsukuba Psychological Research, 34, 74-85. c
    • Hochschiled,A. R. (1983). The managed heart: Commercialization of human feeling. Berkeley,
    • Kernis, M. H., & Goldman, B. M. (2006). A multicomponent conceptualization of authenticity:
    • Research and theory. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 38, 284-357. e
    • Koole, S. L., & Kuhl, J. (2003). In search of the real self: A functional perspective on optimal l
    • self-esteem and authenticity. Psychological Inquiry, 14, 43-48.
    • Kraus, M. cW.,Chen, S., & Keltner, D. (2011). The power to be me: Power elevates self-concept
    • consiistency and authenticity. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 974-980.
    • Kuhl, J. (2000). A functional-design approach to motivation and volition: The dynamics of t
    • Mason, W. & Suri, S. (2010). Conducting behavioral research on Amazon's Mechanical Turk. Unpublished manuscript. Retrieved February 24 2011 from: e http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1691163 l
    • Nezlek, J. B. (2007). A multilevel framework for understanding relationships among traits, states, csituations and behaviours. European Journal of Personality, 21, 789-810.
    • Paolacci, G., Chandler, J., Ipeirotis, P. G. (2010). Running experiments using Amazon i Mechanical Turk. Judgment and Decision Making, 5, 411-419. t
    • Pelham, B. W., & Swann, W. B., Jr. (1989). From self-conceptions to self-worth: On the sources r and structure of global self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 782- 791.
    • Rice, C., & Pasupathi, M. (2010). Reflecting on self-relevant experiences: Adult age differences. A Developmental Psychology, 46, 479-490.
    • Ritchie, T. D., Sedikides, C., Wildschut, T., Arndt, J., & Gidron, Y. (2011). Self-concept clarity mediates the relation between stress and subjective well-being. Self and Identity, 10, 493- d 508.
    • Roberts, Be.W., Wood, D, & Caspi, A. (2008). The development of personality traits in adultthood. In O.P. John, R.W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.), Handbook of personality: theory and research (3rd edition, Ch 14, pp. 375-398). New York, NY: Guilford.
    • Rogers, C. p(1961). On becoming a person: A therapist's view of psychotherapy. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.
    • Rosenberg, eM. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. c
    • Rosenbloom, S. (2011). Authentic? Get real. New York Times. September 11, 2011.
    • Rozin, P. c(2009). What kind of empirical research should we publish, fund, and reward? Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4, 435-439.
    • Russell, J. A. (2003). Core affect and the psychological construction of emotion. Psychological Review, A110, 145-172.
    • Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic
    • motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55, 68-78. e
    • Schlegel, R. J., Hicks, J. A., Arndt, J., & King, L. A. (2008). Thine own self: True self-concept l
    • Sherman, R.A., Nave, C.S., & Funder, D.C. (2012). Properties of persons and situations related
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article