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Singer, J. (2004)
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: PN
Newsroom experiments with convergence -- a sharing of news staffs, technologies, products and geography -- disrupt not just the norms and routines of newspaper news work but, more profoundly, the professional socialization of print journalists and their perception of themselves as a distinctive kind of news worker. This article draws on case studies of four converged newsrooms to examine conceptual and sociological shifts among newspaper journalists. Findings suggest print journalists are undergoing resocialization to an expanded view of professionalism; ingrained habits and learned skills related to newsroom structure and storytelling norms are more resistant to change.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. “Convergence Tracker Search Page.” The Media Center at the American Press Institute, 2004, http://www.mediacenter.org/convergencetracker/search.
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    • 7. Vincent Filak, “Cultural Convergence: An Examination of Intergroup Bias and Journalism” (paper presented at the annual meeting of AEJMC, Kansas City, 2003).
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    • 10. Edgar Huang, Lisa Rademakers, Moshood A. Fayemiwo and Lillian Dunlap, “Uncovering the Quality of Converged Journalism - A Content Analysis of the Tampa Tribune News Stories” (paper presented at the annual meeting of AEJMC, Toronto, 2004).
    • 11. Gil Thelen, “Convergence Is Coming,” Quill, July/August 2002, 16. `
    • 12. Martha Stone, “The Backpack Journalist Is a `Mush of Mediocrity,'” Online Journalism Review, 2 April 2002, http://www.ojr.org/ojr/workplace/1017771634.php.
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    • 23. Tracy Callaway Russo, “Organizational and Professional Identification: A Case of Newspaper Journalists,” Management Communication Quarterly 12 (February 1998): 72-111 (102).
    • 24. David H. Weaver and G. Cleveland Wilhoit, The American Journalist in the 1990s: U.S. News People at the End of an Era (Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1996).
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    • 26. Zachary P. Hart, Vernon D. Miller and John R. Johnson, “Socialization, Resocialization and Communication Relationships in the Context of an Organizational Change,” Communication Studies 54 (winter 2003): 483-95.
    • 27. Laurie K. Lewis, “Disseminating Information and Soliciting Input during Planned Organizational Change: Implementers' Targets, Sources, and Channels for Communicating,” Management Communication Quarterly 13 (August 1999): 43-75.
    • 30. Dan Berkowitz, “Non-Routine News and Newswork: Exploring a What-a-Story,” Journal of Communication 42 (winter 1992): 82-94.
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    • 32. Margali Sarfetti Larson, The Rise of Professionalism: A Sociological Analysis (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977).
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    • 37. David C. Coulson and Stephen Lacy, “Journalists' Perceptions of How Newspaper and Broadcast News Competition Affects Newspaper Content,” Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 73 (summer 1996): 354-63.
    • 38. Stephen Lacy, David C. Coulson and Charles St. Cyr, “The Impact of Beat Competition on City Hall Coverage,” Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 76 (summer 1999): 325-40.
    • 40. Michael Schudson, The Sociology of News (New York: W.W. Norton, 2003), 190.
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    • 45. Bruce Garrison, “Diffusion of Online Information Technologies in Newspaper Newsrooms,” Journalism: Theory, Practice and Criticism 2 (May 2001): 221-39.
    • 46. Wendell Cochran, “Journalism's New Geography: How Electronic Tools Alter the Culture and Practice of Newsgathering,” Electronic Journal of Communication 7 (1997), http://www.cios.org/www/ejc/v7n297.htm.
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    • 48. Robert E. Stake, “Case Studies,” in Handbook of Qualitative Research, eds. Norman K. Denzin and Yvonna. S. Lincoln (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1994), 236-47.
    • 49. W. Lawrence Neuman, Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches (Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1991).
    • 58. Gaye Tuchman, “Making News by Doing Work: Routinizing the Unexpected,” American Journal of Sociology 79 (July 1973): 110-31.
    • 59. Brian S. Brooks, George Kennedy, Daryl R. Moen and Don Ranly, Telling the Story: The Convergence of Print, Broadcast and Online Media, 2nd ed. (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2004).
    • 60. Merriam-Webster Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online, The Language Center, 2003, http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/dictionary.
    • 61. John E. Craft, Frederic A. Leigh and Donald G. Godfrey, Electronic Media (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, 2001); Tuchman, Making News. In their study, which was conducted in 2004 and cited above, Demo, Spillman and Dailey found about 30 percent of U.S. converged news operations have newspaper staffers with expertise in a particular beat appear on partnered television news programs to explain a story.
    • 62. John H. McManus, “The First Stage of News Production: Learning What's Happening,” in Social Meanings of News, ed. Dan Berkowitz (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1997), 286-99.
    • 63. Hammond, Petersen and Thomsen, “Print, Broadcast and Online Convergence,” 24.
    • 64. Stake, “Case Studies.”
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