Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:

OpenAIRE is about to release its new face with lots of new content and services.
During September, you may notice downtime in services, while some functionalities (e.g. user registration, login, validation, claiming) will be temporarily disabled.
We apologize for the inconvenience, please stay tuned!
For further information please contact helpdesk[at]openaire.eu

fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Wang, B. X.; Bhagat, Rohit; Lan, X. Z.; Dashwood, R. J. (2011)
Publisher: Electrochemical Society, Inc.
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: QD, TA, TP
The NiTiHf system alloy is considered to be one of the most attractive shape memory alloy (SMA) at elevated temperatures. This paper outlines how the FFC Cambridge Process was applied to produce the Ni-35 atom % Ti-15 atom % Hf (henceforth referred to as NiTiHf) alloy from sintered precursors of NiO, TiO(2) and HfO(2). In order to illuminate the reduction pathway, a number of partial reductions were completed at different reduction times. The samples were characterised by SEM, X-EDS and XRD. It was found that the key stages of reduction involved: (1) the reduction of NiTiO(3) and NiO to Ni, (2) the reduction of CaTiO(3) to Ti and the simultaneous formation of Ni(3)Ti, (3) the reaction of Ni(3)Ti with CaTiO(3) to form NiTi, (4) the reduction of HfO(2) and CaHfO(3) to form NiTiHf alloy and finally (5) the deoxidation and the Ti/Hf homogenisation of NiTiHf alloy. The sintered oxides precursors were reduced to metal alloy after 9 h reduction. After twenty-four hours reduction, a homogeneous alloy was formed with an oxygen content of 1600 ppm. DSC analysis shows that the austenite transformation temperature of the produced NiTiHf alloy was close to that seen in literature. An electrochemical predominance diagram for the Hf-Ca-Cl-O system was constructed to help understand the reactions during reduction.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Cookies make it easier for us to provide you with our services. With the usage of our services you permit us to use cookies.
More information Ok