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Yartys, Volodymyr A.; Lototskyy, Mykhaylo; Linkov, Vladimir; Grant, David; Stuart, Alastair; Eriksen, Jon; Denys, Roman; Bowman, Robert C. (2016)
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Languages: English
Types: Article
Metal hydride (MH) thermal sorption compression is one of the more important applications of the MHs. The present paper reviews recent advances in the field based on the analysis of the fundamental principles of this technology. The performances when boosting hydrogen pressure, along with two- and three-step compression units, are analyzed. The paper includes also a theoretical modelling of a two-stage compressor aimed at describing the performance of the experimentally studied systems, their optimization and design of more advanced MH compressors. Business developments in the field are reviewed for the Norwegian company HYSTORSYS AS and the South African Institute for Advanced Materials Chemistry. Finally, future prospects are outlined presenting the role of the MH compression in the overall development of the hydrogen-driven energy systems. The work is based on the analysis of the development of the technology in Europe, USA and South Africa.
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    • 1. Lototskyy MV, Yartys VA, Pollet BG, Bowman Jr RC. Metal hydride hydrogen compressors: A review. Int J Hydrogen Energy 2014; 39: 5818-51
    • 2. E.D. Koultoukis, S.S. Makridis, E. Pavlidou, P. de Rango, A.K. Stubos. Investigation of ZrFe2-type materials for metal hydride hydrogen compressor systems by substituting Fe with Cr or V. Int J Hydrogen Energy 39 (2014) 21380-21385
    • 3. L.Pickering, D. Reed, A.I. Bevan, D. Book. Ti-V-Mn based metal hydrides for hydrogen compression applications. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 645 (2015) S400-S403
    • 4. S.A. Obreg√≥n, M.R. Esquivel. A quantitative analysis of the hydrogen sorption isotherms of MmNi4.25Al0.75. Procedia Materials Science 8 (2015) 752 - 759
    • 5. S.P. Malyshenko, S.V. Mitrokhin, I.A. Romanov. Effects of scaling in metal hydride materials for hydrogen storage and compression. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 645 (2015) S84-S88
    • 6. B. Satya Sekhar, P. Muthukumar. Development of double-stage metal hydride-based hydrogen compressor for heat transformer application. J. Energy Eng. (2014) 10.1061/(ASCE)EY.1943- 7897.0000246, 04014049 Figure 9. Cyclogram of the operation of the MH H storage and compression unit. The starting residual amount of stored hydrogen is equal to 182 NL (83 NL/kg, H/AB5=3.15).
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