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Publisher: BioMed Central
Journal: Malaria Journal
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Arctic medicine. Tropical medicine, DOAJ:Health Sciences, Internal medicine, RC31-1245, Research, DOAJ:Internal medicine, Infectious and parasitic diseases, Medicine, R, DOAJ:Medicine (General), QH, RC955-962, RC109-216

Abstract

Background

Natural populations of the malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae s.s. are exposed to large seasonal and daily fluctuations in relative humidity and temperature, which makes coping with drought a crucial aspect of their ecology.

Methods

To better understand natural variation in desiccation resistance in this species, the effects of variation in larval food availability and access to water as an adult on subsequent phenotypic quality and desiccation resistance of adult females of the Mopti chromosomal form were tested experimentally.

Results

It was found that, under normal conditions, larval food availability and adult access to water had only small direct effects on female wet mass, dry mass, and water, glycogen and body lipid contents corrected for body size. In contrast, when females subsequently faced a strong desiccation challenge, larval food availability and adult access to water had strong carry-over effects on most measured physiological and metabolic parameters, and affected female survival. Glycogen and water content were the most used physiological reserves in relative terms, but their usage significantly depended on female phenotypic quality. Adult access to water significantly influenced the use of water and body lipid reserves, which subsequently affected desiccation resistance.

Conclusions

These results demonstrate the importance of growth conditions and water availability on adult physiological status and subsequent resistance to desiccation.

  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

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