Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Kofman, Eleonore; UNESCO (2006)
Languages: English
Types: Unknown
Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) migrations to Europe have grown rapidly and in the past few years partially replaced those to North America. Spain is the preferred destination of LAC migrants with about 840,000 LAC-born residents in 2001, a large increase over previous years. This migration is highly feminised and is likely to result in long-term settlement. It is also generating high levels of remittances. Whilst considerable work exists on the effect of remittances on households and communities in countries of origin, a gendered approach to these issues has only recently been developed. Yet, given that a high proportion of remittances in Europe are sent by and back to women, remittances are effectively circulating through transnational gendered networks. This paper examines remittances in the context of gendered migration from LAC countries to Europe and argues that policies concerning remittances need to incorporate a gender dimension. In particular we need to challenge the unproductive dichotomy between „productive‟ and „unproductive‟ activities, and recognise the significance of remittances for social reproduction, if we want to bank the unbanked. We also need to consider the effect of remittances on the lives of migrants in countries of destination.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Andall, J (ed.) (2003) Gender and Ethnicity in Contemporary Europe. Oxford: Berg.
    • Black, R. (2003) Soaring Remittances Raise New Issues. Migration Information Source June 1, http://www.migrationinformation.org/Feature/display.cfm?ID=127
    • Black, R. et al., (2003) Longitudinal Studies: an insight into current studies and the social and economic outcomes for migrants. Sussex Migration Working Paper no. 14, Sussex Centre for Migration Research
    • Boyd, M. and Deanna Pikkov (2005) Gendering Migration, Livelihood and Entitlements: Migrant Women in Canada and the United States, UNRISD Gender Equality: striving for justice in an unequal world, Occasional paper 6
    • Carling, J. (2004) Policy options for increasing the benefits of remittances, COMPAS University of Oxford, Working Paper no.8
    • Carling,, J. (2005) Gender Dimensions of International Migration, Global Commission for International Migration, 35
    • Cohen, J. and Rodriguez, L. (2005) „Remittance outcomes in rural Oaxaca, Mexico: challenges, options and opportunities for migrant households‟ Population, Space and Place 11(1): 49-63.
    • Cornelius, W. (2004) „Spain: the uneasy transition from labor exporter to labor importer‟ in W. Cornelius et al. Controlling Immigration- A Global Perspective, 2nd ed. Stanford University Press, pp. 387- 429
    • De Taillac, M. (2006) „El dinero de los emigrantes ostiene las economias de America Latina‟ El Pais.es
    • Escrivà, A. (2004) „Formas y motivoss de la accíon transnacional vinculaciones de los peruanos con el país de origen‟ in A. Escrivà y Natalia Ribas (eds) Migracíon y Desarrollo, Cordoba: Instituto de Estudios Sociales de Andalucía, 149-81.
    • Feldman-Bianco, B. (2001) „Brazilians in Portugal, Portuguese in Brazil: constructions of same difference‟ Identities 8(4): 607-50.§
    • Goldring, L. (2001) „Disaggregating transnational social spaces: gender, place and citizenship in MexicoUS transnational spaces‟ in L. Pries (ed) New Transnational Social Spaces: international migration and transnational companies in the early twenty-first century, London: Routledge
    • Goldring, L. (2004) „Family and collective remittances to Mexico. A multi-dimensional typology‟ Development and Change 35(4): 799-840.
    • Gruner-Domic, S. (2000) „Strategic narratives - Latin American women as social actors in their biographies‟ in J. Knorr and B. Meier (eds) Women and Migration. Anthropological perspectives, Frankfurt/New York: Campus/St Martin‟s Press. Pp. 249-66.
    • Herrera, G. (2005) „Work and social reproduction in the lives of Ecuadorian domestic workers in Madrid‟ paper presented at Migration and Domestic Work in a Global Perspective conference, Wassenar, The Netherlands, 26-29 May
    • Hondagneu-Sotelo P (ed) (2003) Gender and US Immigration. Contemporary Trends. Berkeley: University of California Press
    • Jolly, S. with Reeves, H. (2005) Gender and Migration. Overview report, BRIDGE, Institute of Development Studies
    • Inter-American Development Bank (2004) Sending money home: remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean
    • http://www.iadb.org/mif/v2/files/StudyPE2004eng.pdf
    • King, R., Thomson, Fielding, T. and Warnes (2004) Gender, Age and Generations, Sussex Centre for Migration and Population Studies
    • Kofman, E. .Phizacklea, A., .Raghuram, P. and Sales, R. (2000) Gender and International Migration in Europe: employment, welfare and politics, London: Routledge
    • Kofman, E. (2004a) „Family-related migration: a critical review of European studies‟ Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 2004, 30(2): 243-62
    • Kofman, E. (2004b) „Gendered global migrations: diversity and stratification‟ International Feminist Journal of Politics,2004, 6(4) 642-64
    • Kofman, E. (2005) „Gendered migrations, livelihoods and entitlements in European welfare regimes‟, UNRISD Gender Equality, Striving for Justice in an Unequal World,
    • http://www.unrisd.org/unrisd/website/document.nsf/(httpPublications)/3D6D3CEDC4703D17C1256FF00 046C428?OpenDocument
    • Kofman, E, and. Raghuram, P. „Gender and global labour migrations: incorporating skilled workers‟ Antipode 2006 in press
    • Levitt, P. (2005) Social remittances- culture as a development tool‟ Paper prepared for Gender and Remittance Flows Session International Forum on Remittances, International Development Bank, 28-30 June, Washington
    • Levitt, P. and Glick Schiller (2004) „Transnational perspectives on migration: conceptualising simultaneity‟ International Migration Review 38 (3): 1002-39
    • Levitt, P. and Sorensen, N. (2004) „The transnational turn in migration studies‟ Global migration perspectives 6, Global Commission for International Migration, Geneva
    • Marcelli, E. and Lowell, B. (2005) „Transnational twist: pecuniary remittances and the socioeconomic integration of authorized and unauthorized Mexican immigrants in Los Angeles county‟ International Migration Review 39(1): 69-
    • McIlwaine, C. (2005) Coping Practices Among Colombian Migrants in London, Dept. Of Geography, Queen Mary University of London
    • Nyangoma, M. (2005) Social economic Impacts of Remitting on Ugandan Emigrants in the UK, Dissertation MA Social Policy and Social Research, Middlesex University
    • Orozco, M. et al. (2004) Transnational Engagement, remittances and their relationship to development in Latin America and the Caribbean, Institute for the Study of International Migration, Georgetown University
    • Oso Casas, L. (2002) „Stratégies de mobilité sociale des domestiques immigrées en Espagne‟ Revue Tiers Monde vol.43, no. 170, 287-305
    • Oso Casas, L. (2003) “Migration et traffic des femmes latino-américaines en Espagne: service domestique et protstitution‟ in M. Hersent et C. Zaidman (eds) Genre, Travail et Migrations en Europe, Paris, Cahiers du CEDREF
    • Oso Casas, L. (2003) „Les femmes et le droit des migrations: le cas de l‟Espagne‟ L.Année Sociologique 53(1), 123-41
    • Oso Casas, L. and Garson, J.P. (2005) „The feminisation of international migration‟ Migrant Women and the Labour Market: diversity and challenges. OECD and EC Seminar Brussels 26-7 September
    • Peixoto, J. (2005) „A socio-political view of international migration from Latin America and the Caribbean: the case of Europe‟ Expert Group meeting on International Migration and Development in Latin and the Caribbean, UN, Mexico City 30 November-2 December
    • Pellegrino, A. (2004) Migration from Latin America to Europe: trends and policy challenges, IOM
    • Pessar, P. (2005) Women, gender and international migration across and beyond the Americas: inequalities and limited empowerment‟ Expert Group meeting on International Migration and Development in Latin and the Caribbean, UN, Mexico City 30 November-2 December
    • Piper, N. (2005) Gender and migration, Global Commission on International Migration, Paper 10, Geneva
    • Pribilsky, J. (2004) „Apprendemos a convivir‟: conjugal. Co-parenting, and family life among Ecuadorian transnational migrants in New York City and the Ecuadorian Andes‟ Global Networks 4(3): 313- 334
    • Ramirez, C., Garcia Dominguez, M., Miguez, M. J. (2005) Crossing Borders: remittances, gender and development, Instraw, Working Paper
    • Ribas-Mateos (2004) „How can we understand immigration in Southern Europe?‟ Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies30 (6), 1045-63.
    • Salazar Parrenas, R. (2003) „The care crisis in the Philippines: children and transnational families in the new global economy‟ in B. Ehrenreich and A.R. Hochschild (eds) Global Women: nannies, maids and sex workers in the new economy, Granta
    • Sassen, S. (2000) „Countergeographies of globalization: the feminization of survival‟ Journal of International Affairs
    • Semyonov, M. and Gorodzeisky, A. (2005) Labor migration, remittances and household‟s income a comparison between Filipino and Filipina workers‟ International Migration Review 39 (1): 45-68
    • Sorensen, N. (2004) „Globalizacíon, género y migracíon transnacional‟ in A. Escrivá and N. Ribas (eds) Migracíon y Desarrollo, Cordoba: Publicaciones del Consejo Superior de Invetsigaciones Cientificas.
    • Sorensen, N. (2005a) Transnational family life across the Atlantic: the experience of Colombian and Dominican migrants in Europe, paper presented at Migration and Domestic Work in a Global Perspective conference, Wassenar, The Netherlands, 26-29 May
    • Sorensen, N. (2005b)‟The development dimension of migrant remittances: towards a gendered typology, Paper prepared for Gender and Remittance Flows session International Forum on Remittances, International Development Bank, 28-30 June, Washington
    • Zlotnik, H. (2003) The global dimensions of female migration, Migration Information Source, 1 March http://www.migrationinformation.org
  • No related research data.
  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article