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fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Publisher: Race Equality Foundation
Languages: English
Types: Book
Subjects:
Many minority ethnic groups living in the UK experience health inequalities in the form of higher rates of mortality and morbidity as compared to the white population (Liu, et al., 2015; Liu et al., 2012; Ghouri, 2005; Nazroo, 2003; Bhopal, 2002). It has been argued that health inequalities experienced by minority ethnic populations will in part be affected by food differences (Ludwig, Cox and Ellahi, 2011; Ludvigsen and Scott, 2009). However, there is limited evidence on the food choices and eating practices of minority ethnic populations due to small sample sizes, difficulties in collecting information and small scale contradictory findings. It is therefore not a surprise that policies and practices informed by limited and contradictory evidence have not been able to tackle the issues of healthy diet and obesity. This paper draws on the findings from academic and grey literature, alongside the outcomes from a qualitative study conducted in three cities in the North of England which explored the influences on food choices among minority ethnic populations. Where possible, UK literature has been used. Because South Asian minorities are the most populous in the UK and there is a larger existing literature on their dietary practices, it has been easier to provide examples from these communities. UK based examples from other minority ethnic populations have been used where possible, but in some instances the findings from other Western countries have been used instead. It must not be assumed that minority ethnic groups have homogenous food practices.\ud Keywords: health inequality; health inequalities; minority ethnic; healthy eating; food
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    • Bhopal, ' Epideic of cardiovascular disease i childhood , British Medical Journal, 324, 625.
    • Nazroo, JY (2003) The structuring of ethnic inequalities in health: economic position, racial discrimination, and racism, American Journal of Public Health, 93, 2, pp. 277-284.
    • Netto, G, Bhopal, R, Lederle, N, Khatoon, J and Jackson, A (2010) 'How can health promotion interventions be adapted for minority ethnic communities? Five principles for guiding the development of behavioural interventions', Health Promotion International, 25, 2, pp.248-257.
    • Public Health England and the Food Standards Agency (2014) National diet and nutrition survey: Results from years 1,2,3 and 4 (combined) of the rolling programme 2008/2009 - 2011/2012 https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-results-from-years-1- to-4-combined-of-the-rolling-programme-for-2008-and-2009-to-2011-and-2012 Rawlins, E, Baker, G, Maynard, M and Harding, S (2012) 'Perceptions of healthy eating and physical activity in an ethnically diverse sample of young children and their parents: The DEAL prevention of obesity study', Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 26, 2, pp.132-144.
    • Resnicow, K, Baranowski, T, Ahluwalia, JS and Braithwaite, RL (1999) 'Cultural sensitivity in public health: defined and demystified', Ethnicity and Disease, 9, 1, pp.10-21.
    • Resnicow, K, Jackson, A, Wang, T, De, AK, McCarty, F, Dudley, WN, Baranowski, T (2001) 'A motivational interviewing intervention to increase fruit and vegetable intake through Black churches: results of the Eat for Life trial', American Journal of Public Health, 91, 10, pp.1686-1693.
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    • Story, M, Kaphingst, KM, Robinson-O'Brien, R, and Glanz, K (2008) Creating healthy food and eating environments: policy and environmental approaches, Annual Review of. Public Health, 29, pp. 253- 272.
    • Wallia, S, Bhopal, RS, Douglas, A, Bhopal, R, Sharma, A, Hutchison, A, Murray, G, Gill, J, Sattar, N, Lawton, J, Tuomilehto, J, McKnight, J, Forbes, J, Lean, M and Sheikh, A (2013) 'Culturally adapting the prevention of diabetes and obesity in South Asians (PODOSA) trial', Health Promotion International.
    • 29, 4, pp.768-779.
    • Weichselbaum, E and Buttriss, JL (2014) 'Diet, nutrition and schoolchildren: An update', Nutrition Bulletin, 39, 1.
    • Wilkinson, RG, and Marmot, MG (2003) Social determinants of health: the solid facts. World Health Organization.
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