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fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: RC0321

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: mental disorders, behavioral disciplines and activities
Individuals with schizophrenia have severe cognitive impairments that impact upon their ability to function within society. Better understanding the genetic mechanisms underlying schizophrenia and cognition provides an opportunity for targeted pharmacological intervention.\ud This thesis investigates common and rare genetic variation in schizophrenia and their associations with cognitive ability in schizophrenia cases and healthy controls.\ud Polygenic risk of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder predicted ability on tests of cognitive domains affected in schizophrenia, performance, verbal and full scale IQ in healthy controls. Increased polygenic risk of schizophrenia was robustly associated with lower performance IQ at different training thresholds in two independent cognition samples. There was no consistent association between bipolar polygenic risk and cognition. Common genetic differences between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder were associated with verbal and full scale IQ.\ud I investigated the hypothesis that 155 gene-sets across six biological categories relating to cognition, brain function and structure were enriched for SNPs influencing general cognitive ability. Schizophrenia polygenic pathway scores for gene-sets were not associated with general cognitive ability in schizophrenia patients, or performance IQ in healthy individuals. Separately, neither gene-sets\ud vi\ud nor general categories were enriched for common SNPs showing association with general cognitive ability in schizophrenia cases.\ud Associations between rare CNVs and general cognitive ability were tested in schizophrenia cases. Cases with a known pathogenic CNV performed approximately one standard deviation below other schizophrenia cases on the MATRICS composite score. In addition, increases in the number of genes hit by large (>100kb) and rare (frequency <1%) CNVs were associated with lower general cognitive ability. However, the number of genes hit in gene-sets previously mentioned was not associated with the MATRICS composite score.\ud These findings indicate genetic variation in schizophrenia is associated with cognitive ability in schizophrenia cases and healthy controls, providing direction for future research.
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    • 5.4.3 Genes in pathways hit by large (>100kb) and rare (frequency < 1%) CNVs and their association with general cognitive ability in schizophrenia cases ...........206 5.4.4 Methodological considerations of CNV analyses ..................................................207 Future work ................................................................................................................... 208 Concluding Remarks...................................................................................................209 6 7
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