Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:

OpenAIRE is about to release its new face with lots of new content and services.
During September, you may notice downtime in services, while some functionalities (e.g. user registration, validation, claiming) will be temporarily disabled.
We apologize for the inconvenience, please stay tuned!
For further information please contact helpdesk[at]openaire.eu

fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Krus, A.M.; Cook, R.; Hamilton, W.D. (2015)
Publisher: University of Arizona
Languages: English
Types: Article
Radiocarbon results from houses, pits, and burials at the SunWatch site, Dayton, Ohio, are presented within an interpretative Bayesian statistical framework. The primary model incorporates dates from archaeological features in an unordered phase and uses charcoal outlier modeling (Bronk Ramsey 2009b) to account for issues of wood charcoal 14C dates predating their context. The results of the primary model estimate occupation lasted for 1–245 yr (95% probability), starting in cal AD 1175–1385 (95% probability) and ending in cal AD 1330–1470 (95% probability). An alternative model was created by placing the 14C dates into two unordered phases corresponding with horizontal stratigraphic relationships or distinct groups of artifacts thought to be temporally diagnostic. The results of the alternative model further suggest that there is some temporal separation between Group 1 and Group 2, which seems more likely in the event of a multicomponent occupation. Overall, the modeling results provide chronology estimates for SunWatch that are more accurate and precise than that provided in earlier studies. While it is difficult to determine with certainty if SunWatch had a single-component or multicomponent occupation, it is clear that SunWatch’s occupation lasted until the second half of the AD 1300s.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Aitken MJ. 1990. Science-Based Dating in Archaeology. London: Longman.
    • Baillie MGL. 1991. Suck-in and smear: two related chronological problems for the 90s. Journal of Theoretical Archaeology 2:12-6.
    • Bayliss A. 2009. Rolling out revolution: using radiocarbon dating in archaeology. Radiocarbon 51(1):123- 47.
    • Bayliss A, Bronk Ramsey C, van der Plicht J, Whittle A. 2007. Bradshaw and Bayes: towards a timetable for the Neolithic. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 17(S1):1-28.
    • Bayliss A, van der Plicht J, Bronk Ramsey C, McCormac G, Healy F, Whittle A. 2011. Towards generational time-scales: the quantitative interpretation of archaeological chronologies. In: Whittle A, Healy F, Bayliss A, editors. Gathering Time: Dating the Early Neolithic Enclosures of Southern Britain and Ireland. Oxford: Oxbow Books. p 17-59.
    • Bronk Ramsey C. 1995. Radiocarbon calibration and analysis of stratigraphy: the OxCal program. Radiocarbon 37(2):425-30.
    • Bronk Ramsey C. 1998. Probability and dating. Radiocarbon 40(1):461-74.
    • Bronk Ramsey C. 2001. Development of the radiocarbon calibration program. Radiocarbon 43(2A):355-63.
    • Bronk Ramsey C. 2009a. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 51(1):337-60.
    • Bronk Ramsey C. 2009b. Dealing with outliers and offsets in radiocarbon dating. Radiocarbon 51(3):1023-45.
    • Brose DS. 1982. The archaeological investigation of a Fort Ancient community near Ohio Brush Creek, Adams County, Ohio. Kirtlandia 34:1-69
    • Buck CE, Kenworthy JB, Litton CD, Smith AFM. 1991. Combining archaeological and radiocarbon information: a Bayesian approach to calibration. Antiquity 65(249):808-21.
    • Buck CE, Cavanagh WG, Litton CD. 1996. Bayesian Approach to Interpreting Archaeological Data. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
    • Cook RA. 2004. Upper Mississippian village structure and formation: spatial analysis of SunWatch, a Fort Ancient site in southwest Ohio [PhD dissertation]. East Lansing: Michigan State University.
    • Cook RA. 2005. Reconstructing perishable architecture: prospects and limitations of a Fort Ancient example. North American Archaeologist 26:357-88.
    • Cook RA. 2007. Single component sites with long sequences of radiocarbon dates: the SunWatch Site and Middle Fort Ancient village growth. American Antiquity 72(3):439-60.
    • Cook RA. 2008. SunWatch: Fort Ancient Development in the Mississippian World. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
    • Cook RA, Comstock AR. 2014a. Evaluating the old wood problem in a temperate climate: a Fort Ancient case study. American Antiquity 79(4):763-75.
    • Cook RA, Comstock AR. 2014b. Toward more continuous and practical artifact analyses: defining and learning from key dimensions of Fort Ancient triangular projectile points in the Miami Valleys. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology 39:222-50.
    • Cook RA, Schurr MR. 2009. Eating between the lines: Mississippian migration and stable carbon isotope variation in Fort Ancient populations. American Anthropologist 111(3):344-59.
    • Cowan CW, Dunavan S, Nass, JP, Scott S. 1990. The Schomaker site: a Middle Period Fort Ancient town on the Great Miami River, Hamilton County, Ohio. West Virginia Archaeologist 42:11-35.
    • Crane HR. 1961. CO2-CS2 Geiger counter. The Review of Scientific Instruments 32(8):953-62.
    • Crane HR, Griffin JB. 1970. University of Michigan radiocarbon dates XIII. Radiocarbon 12(1):161-80.
    • Dorsey JO. 1886. Migrations of Siouan tribes. The American Naturalist 20:211-22.
    • Drooker PB. 1997. The View from Madisonville: Protohistoric Western Fort Ancient Interaction Patterns. Ann Arbor: Museum of Anthropology, Memoirs No. 31, University of Michigan.
    • Goss AF. 1988. Astronomical alignments at the Incinerator Site. In: Heilman JM, Lileas MC, Turnbow CA, editors. History of 17 Years of Excavation and Reconstruction: A Chronicle of 12th Century Human Values and the Built Environment. Dayton: Dayton Museum of Natural History. p 314-35.
    • Griffiths S. 2014. Simulations and outputs. Radiocarbon 56(2):871-6.
    • Hamilton WD, Kenney J. 2015. Multiple Bayesian modelling approaches to a suite of radiocarbon dates from ovens excavated at Ysgol yr Hendre, Caernarfon, North Wales. Quaternary Geochronology 25:75-82.
    • Hammerstedt SW. 2005. Mississippian construction, labor, and social organization in western Kentucky [PhD dissertation]. State College: Pennsylvania State University.
    • Hanson LH. 1975. The Buffalo Site. Morgantown: West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey.
    • Hart JP, Asch DL, Scarry CM, Crawford GW. 2002. The age of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in the northern Eastern Woodlands of North America. Antiquity 76(292):377-85.
    • Heilman JM, Hoefer R. 1981. Possible astronomical alignments in a Fort Ancient settlement at the Incinerator Site in Dayton, Ohio. In: Williamson R, editor. Archaeoastronomy in the Americas. Menlo Park: Ballena Press. p 157-71.
    • Heilman JM, Lileas MC, Turnbow CA, editors. 1988. A History of 17 Years of Excavation and Reconstruction: A Chronicle of 12th Century Human Values and the Built Environment. Dayton: Dayton Museum of Natural History.
    • Henderson AG. 1998. Middle Fort Ancient villages and organizational complexity in Kentucky [PhD dissertation]. Lexington: University of Kentucky.
    • Henderson AG, Pollack D, Turnbow CA. 1992. Chronology and cultural patterns. In: Henderson AG, editor. Fort Ancient Cultural Dynamics in the Middle Ohio Valley. Madison: Prehistory Press. p 253-79.
    • Jay M, Haselgrove C, Hamilton D, Hill JD, Dent JS. 2012. Chariots and context: new radiocarbon dates from Wetwang and the chronology of Iron Age burials and brooches in East Yorkshire. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 31(2):161-89.
    • Nass JP. 1987. Use-wear analysis and household archaeology: a study of the activity structure of the Incinerator Site, and Anderson Phase Fort Ancient community in southwestern Ohio [PhD dissertation]. Columbus: Ohio State University.
    • Naysmith P, Cook G, Freeman S, Scott EM, Anderson R, Dunbar E, Muir G, Dougans A, Wilcken K, Schnabel C, Russell N, Ascough P, Maden C. 2010. 14C AMS at SUERC: improving QA data from the 5MV tandem AMS and 250kV SSAMS. Radiocarbon 52(2):263-71.
    • Nolan KC. 2011. Distributional survey of the Reinhardt Site (33PI880), Pickaway County, Ohio: a strategy for deciphering the community structure of a Fort Ancient village. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology 36:105-30.
    • Nolan KC. 2012. Temporal hygiene: problems in cultural chronology of the Late Prehistoric Period of the Middle Ohio River Valley. Southeastern Archaeology 31:185-206.
    • Ogden JG, Hart WC. 1976. Dalhousie University natural radiocarbon measurements I. Radiocarbon 18(1):43-9.
    • Ogden JG, Hart WC. 1977. Dalhousie University natural radiocarbon measurements II. Radiocarbon 19(3):392-9.
    • Ogden JG, Hay RJ. 1964. Ohio Wesleyan University natural radiocarbon measurements I. Radiocarbon 6:340-8.
    • Ogden JG, Hay RJ. 1973. Ohio Wesleyan University natural radiocarbon measurements V. Radiocarbon 15(2):350-66.
    • O'Shea JM, Ludwickson J. 1992. Archaeology and Ethnohistory of the Omaha Indians: The Big Village Site. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
    • Prufer OH, Shane OC. 1970. Blain Village and the Fort Ancient Tradition in Ohio. Kent: Kent State University Press.
    • Reimer PJ, Bard E, Bayliss A, Beck JW, Blackwell PG, Bronk Ramsey C, Grootes PM, Guilderson TP, Halfidason H, Hajdas I, Hatté C, Heaton TJ, Hoffmann DL, Hogg AG, Hughen KA, Kaiser KF, Kromer B, Manning SW, Niu M, Reimer RW, Richards DA, Scott EM, Southon JR, Staff RA, Turney CSM, van der Plicht J. 2013. IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0-50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55(4):1869-87.
    • Robertson JA. 1980. Chipped stone and socio cultural interactions [Master's thesis]. Chicago: University of Illinois at Chicago.
    • Robertson JA. 1984. Chipped stone and functional interpretations: a Fort Ancient example. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology 9:251-67.
    • Shane OC. 1975. Appendix: Ohio radiocarbon chronology. In: Prufer OH, McKenzie DH, editors. Studies in Ohio Archaeology. Revised edition. Kent: Kent State University Press. p 357-68.
    • Steier P, Rom W. 2000. The use of Bayesian statistics for 14C dates of chronologically ordered samples: a critical analysis. Radiocarbon 45(2):183-98.
    • Stenhouse MJ, Baxter MS. 1983. 14C reproducibility: evidence from routine dating of archaeological samples. PACT 8:147-1.
    • Stockton Maxwell R, Hessl AE, Cook ER, Buckley BM. 2011. A multicentury reconstruction of May precipitation for the Mid-Atlantic region using Juniperus virginiana tree rings. Journal of Climate 25(3):1045-56.
    • Stuiver M, Kra RS. 1986. Editorial comment. Radiocarbon 28(2B):ii.
    • Stuiver M, Polach HA. 1977. Discussion: reporting of 14C data. Radiocarbon 19(3):355-63.
    • Sunderhaus TS, Cook RA. 2011. Making and breaking pots in a Late Prehistoric village in the Midwest United States. North American Archaeologist 32:49-80.
    • Turnbow C. 1989. Radiocarbon Determinations of the SunWatch Site (33My57). Department of Anthropology, Boonshoft Museum of Discovery, Dayton, Ohio.
    • Vandeputte K, Moens L, Dams R. 1996. Improved sealed-tube combustion of organic samples to CO2 for stable isotope analysis, radiocarbon dating and percent carbon determinations. Analytical Letters 29(15):215-30.
    • Wagner GE. 1979. Wood in a 1200 A.D. Stockaded Village. Annual meeting of the Society for Economic Botany. Raleigh, North Carolina.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Cookies make it easier for us to provide you with our services. With the usage of our services you permit us to use cookies.
More information Ok