Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Burnett, Dean J.
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: RC0321
Contemporary theories of animal learning propose that memory for a specific event can be based upon either an elemental network of associations, a configural associative network or a hybrid of these possibilities. The two aims of this thesis were (1) to assess whether rats form configural representations of the spatiotemporal features of specific cues, and (2) to test the hypothesis that the hippocampus plays a critical role in configural representations that encode the spatiotemporal properties of an event, more commonly known as episodic memory. Chapter 2 investigated rats' ability to represent the spatiotemporal context in which objects were presented. These experiments failed to find robust evidence for such an ability. Chapter 3 discusses the development of a novel task, based on a sensory preconditioning procedure, that demonstrated configural memory for the spatiotemporal features of auditory cues in normal rats. In addition, it was shown that excitotoxic lesions of the hippocampus disrupted such configural memories. The experiments reported in Chapter 4 used the procedure developed in Chapter 3 to show that temporary inactivation of the hippocampus during memory retrieval disrupted configural, but not elemental memory retrieval. The results presented in this thesis support the hypothesis that normal rats are able to form elemental and configural representations involving the spatiotemporal properties of cues, and that the hippocampus has a role in configural but not elemental associative memory.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Aggleton, J. P., & Brown, M. W. (1999). Episodic memory, amnesia, and the hippocampal-anterior thalamic axis. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 22, 425- 489.
    • Alvarado, M. C., & Rudy, J. W. (1995). A comparison o f “configural” discrimination problems: implications for understanding the role of the hippocampal formation in learning and memory. Psychobiology, 23, 178-184.
    • Babb, S. J., & Crystal, J. D. (2006a). Discrimination o f what, when and where is not based on the time of day. Learning and Behaviour, 34, 124-130.
    • Babb, S. J., & Crystal, J. D. (2006b). Episodic-like memory in the rat. Current Biology, 16, 1317-1321.
    • Balleine, B. W., & Killcross, S. (2006). Parallel incentive processing: an integrated view of amygdala function. Trends in Neuroscience, 29, 272-279.
    • Beaumont, K., Chilton, W. S., Yamamura, H. I., & Enna, S. J. (1978). Muscimol binding in rat brain: association with synaptic GABA receptors. Brain Research, 148, 153-162.
    • Bird, L. R., Roberts, W. A., Abroms, B., Kit, K. A., & Crupi, C. (2003). Spatial memory for food hidden by rats (rattus norvegicus) on the radial maze: studies of memory for where, what and when. Journal o f Comparative Psychology, 117, 176-187.
    • Brogden, W. J. (1939). Sensory pre-conditioning. Journal o f Experimental Psychology, 25, 323-332.
    • Bunsey, M., & Eichenbaum, H. (1996). Conservation of hippocampal memory function in rats and humans, Nature, 379, 255-257.
    • Clayton, N. S., & Dickinson, A. (1998). Episodic-like memory during cache recovery by scrub jays. Nature, 395, 272-272.
    • Clayton, N. S., & Dickinson, A. (1999a). Memory for the content of caches by scrub jays. Journal o f Experimental Psychology: Animal Behaviour Processes, 25, 82- 91.
    • Clayton, N. S. & Dickinson, A. (1999b). Scrub jays (aphelocoma coerulescens) remember the relative time of caching as well as the location and content of their caches. Journal o f Comparative Psychology, 113, 403-416.
    • Clayton, N. S., Griffiths, D. P., Emery, N. J., & Dickinson, A. (2001a). Elements of Episodic-like memory in animals. Philosophical Transactions o f the Royal Society o fLondon, 365, 1483-1491.
    • Clayton, N. S., Yu, K. S., & Dickinson, A. (2001b). Scrub Jays (Aphelocoma coerulescens) Form Integrated Memories of the Multiple Features of Caching Episodes. Journal o f Experimental Psychology: Animal Behaviour Processes, 27, 17-29.
    • Coutureau, E., Killcross, S. A., Good, M., Marshall, V. J., Ward-Robinson, J., & Honey, R. C. (2002). Acquired equivalence and distinctiveness of cues: II. Neural manipulations and their implications. Journal o f Experimental Psychology;: Animal Behaviour Processes, 28, 388-396.
    • Davidson, T. L, McKeman, M. G. & Jarrard, L. E. (1993). Hippocampal lesions do not impair negative patterning: a challenge to configural association theory. Behavioral Neuroscience, 107, 227-234.
    • Day, M., Langston, R., & Morris, R. G. M. (2003). Glutamate-receptor-mediated encoding and retrieval of paired-associate learning. Nature, 424, 205-209.
    • Dix, S. L., & Aggleton, J. P. (1999). Extending the spontaneous preference test of recognition: evidence of object-location and object-context recognition. Behavioural Brain Research, 99, 191-200.
    • Eacott, M. J., Easton, A., & Zinkivskay, A. (2005). Recollection in an episodic-like memory task in the rat. Learning and Memory, 12, 221-223.
    • Eacott, M. J., & Gaffan, E, A. (2005). The roles of perirhinal cortex, postrhinal cortex, and the fornix in memory for objects, contexts, and events in the rat. The Quarterly Journal o f Experimental Psychology, 53B, 202-217.
    • Eacott, M. J., & Norman, G. (2004) Integrated memory for object, place and context in rats: a possible model of episodic-like memory? The Journal o f Neuroscience, 24, 1948-1953.
    • Eichenbaum, H., Fortin, N. J., Ergorul, F. C., Wright, S. P., & Agster, K. L. (2005). Episodic recollection in animals: “if it walks like a duck and quacks like a duck...” Learning and Motivation, 36, 190-207.
    • Eichenbaum, H., & Fortin, N. (2003). Episodic memory and the hippocampus: it's about time. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 12, 53-57.
    • Eichenbaum, H., & Fortin, N. J. (2005). Bridging the gap between brain and behaviour: cognitive and neural mechanisms of episodic memory. Journal o f the Experimental Analysis o f Behaviour, 84, 619-629.
    • Ennaceur, A., & Delacour, J (1988). A new one-trial test for neurobiological studies of memory in rats. 1: Behavioral data. Behavioural Brain Research, 31, 47-59.
    • Ergorul, C., & Eichenbaum, H. (2004). The hippocampus and memory for “what”, “where” and “when”. Learning and Memory, 11, 397-405.
    • Fanselow, M. S. (1990). Factors governing one-trial contextual conditioning. Animal Learning and Behaviour, 18, 264-270.
    • Friedman, W. J. (1993). Memory for the time o f past events. Psychobiological Bulletin, 113,44-66.
    • Gaffan, D. (1991). Spatial organization of episodic memory. Hippocampus, 7, 262- 264.
    • Good, M. A., & Honey, R. (1997). Dissociable effects of selective lesions to hippocampal subsystems on exploratory behaviour, contextual learning, and spatial learning. Behavioral Neuroscience, 111, 487 - 493
    • Good, M. A., Barnes, P., Staal, V., McGregor, A., & Honey, R. (2007). Context- but not familiarity-dependent forms of object recognition are impaired following excitotoxic lesions in rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 121, 218-223.
    • Grand, C., & Honey, R. C. (2008). Solving XOR. Journal o f Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 34, 486-493.
    • Griffiths, D., Dickinson, A., & Clayton, N. (1999). Episodic memory: What can animals remember about the past? Trends in Cognitive Science, 3, 74-80.
    • Griffiths, D. P., & Clayton, N. S. (2001). Testing episodic memory in animals: a new approach. Psychology and Behavior, 73, 755-762.
    • Iordanova, M., Burnett, D. J., Aggleton, J. P., Good, M., & Honey, R. C. (2009). The role of the hippocampus in mnemonic integration and retrieval. European Journal o fNeuroscience, 30, 2177-2189.
    • Iordanova, M. D., Good, M. A., & Honey, R. (2008). Configural learning without reinforcement: Integrated memories for correlates of what, where and when. The Quarterly Journal o f Experimental Psychology, 61, 1785-1792.
    • James, J. H., & Wagner, A. R (1980). One-trial overshadowing: evidence of distributive processing. Journal o f Experimental Psychology: Animal Behaviour processes, 6, 188-205.
    • Kart-Teke E., De Souza Silva, M. A. Huston J. P., & Dere, E. (2006). Wistar Rats show Episodic-Like memory for unique experiences. Neurobiology o f Learning and Memory, 85, 173-182.
    • Mackintosh, N.J., & Reese, B. (1979). One-Trial Overshadowing. Quarterly Journal o f Experimental Psychology, 31, 519-526.
    • McLaren, I. P. L., & Mackintosh, N. J. (2000). An elemental model of associative learning: I. Latent inhibition and perceptual learning. Animal Learning and Behavior, 2 8 ,211-246.
    • Milner, B., Corkin, S., & Teuber, H. L. (1968). Further analysis of the hippocampal amnesic syndrome: 14-year follow-up study o f H.M. Neuropsychologica, 6, 215- 234.
    • Wagner, A.R. (1981). SOP: A model of automatic memory processing in animal behavior. In N.E. Spear & R.R. Miller (Eds.) Information processing in animals: Memory mechanisms (pp 5-48). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    • Ward-Robinson, J., Coutureau, E., Good, M., Honey, R.. C., Killcross, S. A., & Oswald, C J. P. (2001). Excitotoxic lesions of the hippocampus leave sensory preconditioning intact: implications for models of hippocampal function. Behavioral Neuroscience, 115, 1357-1362.
    • Ward-Robinson, J., & Honey, R. C. (2000). A novel contextual dimension for use with an operant chamber: from simple to hierarchical forms of learning. Journal o f Experimental Psychology: Animal Behaviour Processes, 26, 358-363.
    • Wheeler, M. A., & McMillan, C. T. (2001). Focal retrograde amnesia and the episodic-semantic distinction. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, 1, 22-36.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article