LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: V1
The Tenth Cruiser Squadron provided a vital element to the Blockade of Germany, patrolling the seas between northwest Scotland, Iceland and Greenland. It was the longest continuous naval operation of the war lasting from 1914-1917. The Squadron’s resources were armed merchant cruisers manned by Naval Reservists and Mercantile Marine ratings all commanded by a Flag Officer and Royal Naval Commanding Officers. The thesis follows the Royal Navy’s deliberations to establish its Reservist elements and how the Navy assumed the men of the Mercantile Marine could be brought into naval service. A parallel debate in Parliament considered the viability of taking up ocean liners for conversion to armed merchant cruisers. Both sets of discussions lasted nearly fifty years.\ud \ud Most existing Squadron literature is chronological, drawing heavily on official reports of proceedings. This thesis concentrates on analysing personal diaries and biographies and is focused on the crews’ daily work to reveal a broad picture of life in the Squadron. Topics included are pay, accommodation, feeding scales, daily routines, promotion, pastoral and medical welfare, and recreation. These issues were in addition to the daily threats from surface and submarine attack and the constant debilitating bad weather.\ud \ud Although deemed successful, the thesis concludes, the blockade could have been tightened sooner if the Government had used statistics already held on imports and exports. The conclusion is also made that the Royal Navy’s failure to understand fully the shipping industry’s unique facets and the merchant seaman, created problems that could have been avoided.\ud \ud The Squadron’s operational achievement was intercepting nearly 13,000 suspect vessels. Its patrols performed a constabulary function which encouraged ships to call voluntarily at examination ports to be searched effectively. Less tangible, but equally praiseworthy, was the successful cohesion built amongst crews of widely differing experience.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 789 GGGrrueeieecnnh,,arLd.,C.T,heTNheavCaolnBtelomcpkoardaery7Law of Armed Conflict (Manchester,1993) 171 Contemporary Law of Armed Conflict 35
    • 10 Consett, M.W.W.P., The Triumph Of Unarmed Forces (1914-1918) (London,1923) 12 See Appendix 2 for further details
    • 11 Halpern, A Naval History… 22
    • 14 TNA ADM 137/185 de Chair to Admiralty 27 August 1914 11-21
    • 15 TNA ADM 137/185 de Chair to Admiralty 27 August 1914 11-21 This raises the question whether de Chair, at this stage, realised the accommodation was there for boarding and prize crews or the extent to which these activities would develop.
    • 16 TNA ADM 137/185 de Chair to Admiralty 3 December 1914 74-80
    • 342.537 International Convention relative to the conversion of merchant ships into warships signed at The Hague 18 October 1907 (London HMSO 1910)
    • BT 165/892 Mantua (O.N. 127544) Official B.o.T. Log Period 2 Jan. 1914 - 30 Nov. 1914
    • MT 23/756 Armed Merchant Cruisers. Various matters
    • MT 23/781 Armed Merchant Cruiser, Otway. Various papers relating to officers, crew and vessel.
    • MT 23/794 Armed Merchant Cruiser, Teutonic. Various papers.
    • MT 23/795 Armed Merchant Cruiser, Victorian. Various papers relating to complement and vessel.
    • MT 23/798 Armed Merchant Cruiser, Alsatian. Various papers relative to officers, crew and vessel.
    • MT 23/816 Armed Merchant Cruiser, Changuinola. Various papers relating to officers, engineers and men.
    • MT 25/9 Other Apparatus - Admiralty - Board of Trade Conference 20.2.17
    • MT 25/9 Other Apparatus - Report of Conference held on 26th January 1917, regarding compulsory fitting of Paravanes to Merchant Ships
    • Ref.1977/233 Papers of Leading Signalman RNVR Phillip Needell 1916-19
    • Ref.1981/716-717 Assistant Paymaster Nevil Whitely-Rose with 10th Cruiser Squadron 1915-17 Memoirs and Narratives
    • Ref. 1985/292 William Style A.B. Royal Fleet Reserve H.M.S. Alcantara Diaries and Journals.
    • Ref. 187/130 (14-212) Papers of Admiral Reginald Tupper 1900-1918
    • Carew, A., Lower Deck of the Royal Navy, 1900-1939: the Invergordon Mutiny in Perspective (Manchester,1981)
    • Grant, R.M., U-Boat Intelligence 1914-1918 (Hamden, Ct.,1969)
    • Hough, R., The Great War at Sea 1914-1918 (Oxford, 1983)
    • Hurd, A., The Merchant Navy 3 Vols. (London, 1921 Ed. 2006)
    • Patterson, A.Temple., (ed.) The Jellicoe Papers, Vol.I (1893-1916) Navy Records Society (Greenwich, 1966-68)
    • Patterson, A.Temple., (ed.) The Jellicoe Papers, Vol.II (1916-1935) Navy Records Society (Greenwich, 1966-68)
    • Tarrant,W.D. and Fry,C.V., HMS Almanzora (Sept 1915 - Jan. 1919), Privately published 1918, held in Royal Mail Association Collection 2009
    • Partridge, M.S., 'The Royal Navy and the End of the Close Blockade, 1885-1905'.
    • The Mariner's Mirror Vol.75, (1989) 119-136
    • Raven, A., Development of Naval Camouflage 1914-1945 Part 1.
    • www.shipcamouflage.com/1_1.htm
    • (Accessed 01.01.08)
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article