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Publisher: Wiley
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Political opportunity structure, Participation, Protest, Relative deprivation, Macroeconomic context
ddc: ddc:320
The economic crisis that started in 2008 has negatively affected European nations to\ud different degrees. The sudden rise in demonstrations particularly in those countries most\ud hard hit by the crisis suggests that grievance theories, dismissed in favour of resource-based\ud models since the 1970s, might have a role to play for explaining protest behaviour. While\ud most previous studies have tested these theories at the individual or contextual level, it is\ud likely that mechanisms at both levels are interrelated. To fill this lacuna, we examine the\ud ways in which individual-level grievances interact with macro-level factors to impact on\ud protest behaviour. In particular, we examine whether the impact of individual subjective\ud feelings of deprivation is conditional on contextual macroeconomic and policy factors. We\ud find that while individual-level relative deprivation has a direct effect on the propensity to\ud have protested in the last year, this effect is greater under certain macroeconomic and\ud political conditions. We interpret both significant results for the cross-level interactions in\ud terms of their role for opening up political opportunities for protest amongst those who felt\ud they had been most deprived in the current crisis. These findings suggest that the\ud interaction of the contextual and individual level should continue to be explored in future\ud studies in order to further clarify the mechanisms underlying protest behaviour.
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