LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Languages: English
Types: Unknown
Subjects: Q1

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: respiratory system
The human respiratory muco-ciliary epithelium consists of different cell types, connected by tight junctions; forming a protective barrier against the external environment. The epithelium is attached to a basement membrane through which necessary nutrients are delivered. Apart from a thin layer of mucus, the apical part of the bronchial epithelium is exposed to the ambient air. Mimicking these conditions through the use of 3-dimensional (3-D) filter-well membrane technology, a functional and fully-differentiated muco-ciliary phenotype in vitro cell culture model can be obtained. By providing the in vivo-like pulmonary microenvironment primary bronchial cells are stimulated to differentiate into a pseudo-stratified epithelium containing, basal, ciliated, Clara, goblet, intermediate and serous cells. In addition to this in vivo-like morphology, the cultures attain physiological properties akin to the human bronchial epithelium. Cells form tight junctions, enabling the whole culture to function as a barrier, providing trans-epithelial electrical resistance (TEER). Day 15 of ALI culture conditions results in beating cilia that are fully-grown and spread the mucus produced by the goblet cells. Unlike ‘conventional’ cell cultures, where tested substances need to be suspended in submerged culture media, our 3-D model of the human bronchial epithelium enables in vitro toxicology testing of apically deposited aerosols and/or solubilised substances onto mucus protected cell surfaces. This mimics in vivo deposition through inhalation. Moreover, we observe the tissue (i.e. multi-cellular) response, rather than the effect of submerged cell monolayers (i.e. single cell type). The additional protective mechanisms, such as apical mucus, traps inhaled substances and the tight junctions (i.e. barrier function) provide a more in vivo-like response when compared to submerged monolayer cultures. Our 3-D model of the human bronchial epithelium maintains the in vivo complexity observed in the in-situ human lung and is a reliable in vitro tool that can be employed to obtain robust predictive in vivo responses for human endpoint data.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article