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McKay, J (2004)
Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:
Today the proportion of German politicians who are female is at an all time high. This has largely been achieved via quotas and most of the main parties now operate some kind of quota system. But have quantitative improvements in female representation in been matched by qualitative improvements? This article seeks to answer this question by looking not only at the number of women in parliaments and other collective bodies, but also in the highest echelons of power. It outlines each party's policies regarding the promotion of women and the factors which enhance or hamper their impact. A brief comparison of female political representation in eastern and western Germany is also provided. The author argues that measures such as quotas have increased the number of female German politicians but still do not guarantee them equal access to positions of real power. Furthermore, the incorporation of pro-equality principles into party statutes has not automatically led to their assimilation into party cultures, especially in the case of well-established parties which only recently addressed the gender imbalance in their ranks.
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    • TABLE 3: EAST-WEST COMPARISONS ASF, Rechenschaftsbericht 2000-2002.
    • 35 Die Frauen haben gewählt - erste Analyse zum Wahlverhalten, Press Release, 26 Sept. 2002, (www.frauenunion.de/fu_press/pr260902.htm) 36 Frauenbericht, 15. Parteitag der CDU Deutschlands, Frankfurt, 16-18 June 2002, p.3. (www.cdu.de/ptfrankfurt/berichte/berichte.htm)
    • 37 Änderung des Satzungsrechtes. Beschlüsse des 14. Parteitages der CDU Deutschlands, Dec. 2001, Beschluss E1.
    • 38 Author's interview with Katarina Reiche MP, (CDU), Potsdam, 7 August 2000.
    • 39 Frauenbericht, 13. Parteitag der CDU Deutschlands, 2000, p.17.
    • 40 As March 2002. In 1991 the proportion of women was almost 40per cent. Source: Frauenbericht 2002, p.10. (www.cdu.de)
    • 41 www.cdu.de/ueber-uns/
    • 42 As March 2002. Frauenbericht 2002, p.14.
    • 43 Eva Kolinsky, Women in Contemporary Germany. Life, Work and Politics (Providence/Oxford: Berg, 1993), p.239.
    • 44 Kolinsky, Women in Contemporary Germany, p.239.
    • 45 Kolinsky, Women in Contemporary Germany, p.249.
    • 46 'Böse Miene zum guten Spiel', Spiegel Online, 2 January 2001.
    • 47 'Mädchen mit Macht', Der Tagesspiegel, 4 July 2002; 'Stoibers Schaulaufen', Der Tagesspiegel, 16 July 2002.
    • 48 24.4 per cent in December 2002. Source: www.pds-online.de/partei/daten/frauenanteil.htm
    • 55 Source: www.liberale.de/
    • 56 Beschluss des 53. Ord. Bundesparteitages der FDP, 10-12th May 2002. www.liberal-frauen.de
    • 57 Bundesvereinigung Liberale Frauen e.V, Grundsatzprogramm: 'xx-xy ungelöst'. Arbeitspapier für eine progressive und liberale Frauenpolitik. (www.liberal-frauen.de/) 58
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