Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Troutman, Lauren; Moffatt, Colin; Simmons, Tal Linda Ileen (2014)
Publisher: Elsevier
Languages: English
Types: Article

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: food and beverages, digestive, oral, and skin physiology
This study represents a preliminary, quantitative approach to the examination of differential decomposition patterns in mass graves. Five pairs of mass graves, each containing the carcasses of 21 rabbits, were used to examine decomposition rates at four fixed positions within the burial. A pair of graves was exhumed at approximately 100 accumulated degree day (ADD) intervals. At exhumation the total body score (TBS) and internal carcass temperature of each rabbit were recorded. Although there was no significant difference between decomposition rates for core and deep-positioned carcasses (p = 0.13), all other position differences were significant (p < 0.001). Decomposition occurred fastest in shallow carcasses, followed by mid-outer carcasses; both deep and core carcasses exhibited a slower rate. Internal carcass temperature was significantly influenced by carcass location\ud within the mass grave; there was a mean internal temperature difference of ca. 1 oC between deep and\ud shallow carcasses (30 cm apart). Adipocere formation was minimal and confined, with the exception of a single individual in the mid- periphery, to the deepest level. Decomposition rate may be as affected by the compactness of a mass as by interment depth and/or peripheral substrate contact, and further investigation into the role of oxygenation and pH are required.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • [9] E. Jessee, M. Skinner, A typology of mass grave-related sites, For. Sci. Int. 152 (2005) 55-59.
    • [10] C. Steele, Archaeology and the forensic investigation of recent mass graves: ethical issues for a new practice of archaeology. Archaeologies: J. Wor. Arch. Cong. 4 (2008) 414-428.
    • [11] M. Cox, A. Flavel, I. Hanson, J. Laver, R. Wessling (Eds.) The Scientific Investigation of Mass Graves: Towards Protocols and Standard Operating Procedures, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2007.
    • [12] H. Tuller, M. Duric, Keeping the pieces together: comparison of mass grave excavation methodology, J. For. Sci. 156 (2006) 192-200.
    • [13] M. Skinner, J. Sterenberg, Turf wars: authority and responsibility for the investigation of mass graves, For. Sci. Int. 151 (2005) 221-232.
    • [14] M. Skinner, D. Alemppijevic, M. Djuric-Srejic, Guidelines for the international forensic bioarchaeology monitors of mass grave exhumations, For. Sci. Int.134 (2003) 81-92.
    • [15] M. Megyesi, S. Nawrocki, N. Haskell, Using accumulated degree days to estimate the postmortem interval from decomposed human remains, J. Forensic Sci. 50 (2005) pp. 618- 626.
    • [16] A. Vass, W. Bass, J. Wolt, J. Foss, J. Ammons, Time since death determinations of human cadavers using soil solution, J. For. Sci. 37 (1992) 1236-1253.
    • [17] J. Bachmann, T. Simmons, The influence of pre-burial insect access on the decomposition rate, J. For. Sci. 55 (2010) 893-900.
    • [18] T. Simmons, P. Cross, R. Adlam, C. Moffatt, The influence of insects on decomposition rate in buried and surface remains, J. For. Sci. 55 (2010) 889-892.
    • [19] T. Simmons, R. Adlam, C. Moffat, Debugging decomposition data: comparative taphonomic studies and the influence of insects and carcass size on decomposition rate, J. For. Sci. 55 (2010) 8-13.
    • [20] C.Y Arnold, The determination and significance of the base temperature in a linear heat unit system, P. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 74 (1959) 430-445.
    • [21] C.Y Arnold, Maximum-minimum temperatures as a basis for computing heat units, P. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 76 (1960) 682-692.
    • [22] M. Micozzi, Postmortem Changes in Human and Animal Remains, Charles C. Thomas, Illinois, 1991.
    • [23] H. Reed, A study of dog carcass communities in Tennessee, with special reference to the insects, American Midland Naturalist, 59 (1958) 213- 245.
    • [24] J. Payne, A summer carrion study of the baby pig Sus scrofa Linnaeus, Ecology, 46 (1965) 592-602.
    • [25] D. Johnson, Seasonal and microseral variation in the insect population on carrion, American Midland Naturalist, 93 (1975) 79-90.
    • [26] A. Galloway, W.H. Birkby, A.M. Jones, T.E. Henry, B.O. Parks, Decay rates of human remains in an arid environment, J. For. Sci., 34 (1989) 607-616.
    • [27] S. Fielder, M. Graw, Decomposition of buried corpses, with special reference to the formation of adipocere, Naturwissenschaften, 90 (2003) 291-300.
    • [28] D.O Carter, D.Yellowlees, M. Tibbett, Moisture can be the dominant environmental parameter governing cadaver decomposition in soil, For. Sci. Int. 200 (2010) 60-66.
    • [29] J. Dix, M. Graham, Time of Death, Decomposition and Identification: An Atlas, CRC Press, London, 2000.
    • [30] W. Rodriguez, Decomposition of buried and submerged bodies, in: W. Haglund, M. Sorg (Eds.), Forensic Taphonomy: The Postmortem Fate of Human Remains, CRC Press LLC, London, 1997.
    • [31] H. Gill-King, Chemical and ultrastructural aspects of decomposition, in: W. Haglund, M. Sorg (Eds.), Forensic Taphonomy: The Postmortem Fate of Human Remains, CRC Press LLC, London, 1997.
    • [32] B. Turner, P. Wiltshire, Experimental validation of forensic evidence: a study of the decomposition of buried pigs in a heavy clay soil, For. Sci. Int. 101 (1999) 113-122.
    • [33] A.K. Mant, Knowledge acquired from post-War exhumations, in: A. Boddington, A.N. Garland, R.C. Janaway (Eds.), Death, Decay and Reconstruction: Approaches to Archaeology and Forensic Science, Manchester University Press, Manchester, 1987.
    • [34] A.N. Garland, R.C. Janaway, The taphonomy of inhumation burials, in: C.A. Roberts, F. Lee, J.L. Bintliff (Eds.), Burial Archaeology: Current Research, Methods and Developments, British Archaeological Reports, Oxford, 1989.
    • [35] A.S. Wilson, R.C. Janaway, A.D. Holland, H.I. Dodson, E. Baran, A.M. Pollard, D.J. Tobin, Modelling the buried human body environment in upland climes using three contrasting field sites, For. Sci. Int. 169 (2007) 6-18.
    • [36+ H. Schroeder, H. Klotzbach, K. Püschel, Insects' colonization of human corpses in warm and cold seasons. Leg. Med. 5 (2003) S372-S374.
    • [37] A.K. Mant, A Study of Exhumation Data, Ph.D. Thesis, London University, 1950.
    • [38] J. Hunter, M. Cox, Forensic Archaeology: Advances in Theory and Practice, Routledge, New York, 2005.
    • [39] Earth Tools (Data recorded Feb. 2000) : HYPERLINK "http://www.earthtools.org"http://www.earthtools.org” NASA.
    • [53] E. Kristensen, S.I. Ahmed, A.H. Devol, Aerobic and anaerobic decomposition of matter in marine sediment: which is fastest?, Limnology and Oceanography, 40 (1995) 1430-1437.
    • [55] S.L. Forbes, B.H. Stuart, B.B. Dent, The effect of the burial environment on adipocere formation, For. Sci. Int. 154 (2005) 24-34.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article