LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: HN, HQ
This thesis explores the relationship between class, gender and feminist identity through\ud an examination of women's involvement in philanthropy and social reform in London\ud from 1870 to 1906. Middle-class women's engagement in such work — termed\ud collectively here as 'social action' — has long been claimed as the nursery of first-wave\ud feminist political identity. Numerous historians have framed social action as the means by\ud which women moved from the 'private' to the 'public' sphere and the ground where\ud women developed their claim to a place in national political life in the three decades prior\ud to the upsurge of suffrage campaigning in 1906. Whilst agreeing with this broad narrative\ud of the relationship between social action and feminism, the thesis addresses the lack of\ud discussion of class differences between women in the existing literature on the subject.\ud The forms of social action examined in detail in this thesis were predicated upon this very\ud difference between women: on the belief in the power of the lady to reshape the bodies,\ud characters, homes and workplaces of poor women. Women social activists themselves had\ud a central role in making identities of class, through the dissemination of their expert\ud opinions on the domestic life of the urban poor. In the context of the changing\ud understanding of duty in the later nineteenth century the thesis argues that the agency of\ud femininity in effecting social change came to be seen as of less significance as the century\ud progressed. Women social activists instead drew upon codes of class to justify their work,\ud constructing themselves as authoritative professionals, licenced to speak and act for\ud working-class women. The thesis brings to the fore the (often strained and contested)\ud encounters between lady social activists and the women and men who were their objects\ud of reform using detailed case studies of philanthropic rent-collecting schemes, the London\ud Charity Organisation Society and the women's factory inspectorate. It concludes that\ud social action was indeed the material from which modern feminist identity made itself,\ud but that this identity was founded on middle-class women's differentiation of themselves\ud from working-class women.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Anderson, Adelaide, Women in the Factory: An Administrative Adventure, 1893-1921 (London: John Murray, 1922)
    • Anon. 'The Glorified Spinster' Macmillan's Magazine 58 (1888) 371-376 Arling, Nat, 'What is the Role of the 'New Woman'?' Westminster Review 150 (1898) 576-587
    • Benhabib, Seyla, 'Feminist Theory and Hannah Arendt's Concept of Public Space' History of the Human Sciences 6 (1993) 97-114
    • Benjamin, Walter, Charles Baudelaire: A Lyric Poet in the Era of High Capitalism trans. Harry Zohn (repr. London: Verso, 1992)
    • Bentham, Jeremy, The Panopticon Writings ed. Miran Bozovic (London: Verso, 1995) Besant, Walter, The Children of Gibeon (London: Chatto and Windus, 1887) Birch, Eugenie Ladner and Deborah S. Gardener, 'The Seven-Percent Solution: A Review of Philanthropic Housing, 1870-1910' Journal of Urban History 7 (1981) 403-436 Black, Clementina, 'Women and Work' New Review 5 (1891) 213-221 Black, Clementina, ed., Married Women's Work: Being the Report of an Inquiry Undertaken by the Women's Industrial Council (London: G. Bell, 1915) Blackburn, Helen, ed., A Handbook for Women Engaged in Social and Political Work (Bristol: Arrowsmith, 1881)
    • Bland, Lucy, Banishing the Beast: English Feminism and Sexual Morality, 1885-1914 (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1995)
    • Bock, Gisela, Women's History and Gender History: Aspects of an International Debate' Gender and History 1(1989) 7-21
    • Booth, Charles, ed., Labour and Life of the People I: East London (3rd ed. London: Williams and Norgate, 1891)
    • Booth, William [General], In Darkest England and the Way Out (London: Salvation Army, 1890)
    • Bordo, Susan, 'The Body and the Reproduction of Femininity: A Feminist Appropriation of Foucault' in Alison Jagger and Susan Bordo, eds., Gender/Body/Knowledge: Feminist Reconstructions of Being and Knowing (London: Rutgers University Press, 1989) pp. 12- 32
    • Bosan.quet, Bernard, ed., Aspects of the Social Problem by Various Writers (London: Macmillan, 1895)
    • Bosanquet, Helen, Rich and Poor (London: Macmillan, 1896) Bosanquet, Helen, 'Methods of Training' Charity Organisation Review, August 1900, 103-109
    • Bosanquet, Helen, The Strength of the People: A Study in Social Economics (London: Macmillan, 1902)
    • Bosanquet, Helen, The Family (London: Macmillan, 1906) Bosanquet, Helen, Social Work in London 1869-1912 (1914 repr. Sussex: Harvester, 1973)
    • Bottomore, Tom, Elites and Society (1964 2nd ed London: Routledge, 1994) Boucherett, Jessie, Helen Blackburn et al, eds., The Condition of Working Women under the Factory Acts (London: Eliot Stock, 1896)
    • Bourdieu, Pierre, Outline of a Theory of Practice (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978)
    • Bourdieu, Pierre, Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste trans. Richard Nice (London: Routledge, 1984)
    • Bourke, Joanna, Working Class Cultures in Britain, 1890-1960: Gender, Class and Ethnicity (London: Routledge, 1994)
    • Byles, Mrs W.P., 'The Work of Women Inspectors' in Women in the Professions: Being the Professional Section of the International Congress of Women, London July 1899 (London: Fisher and Unwin, 1900)
    • Caine, Barbara, Destined to be Wives: The Sisters of Beatrice Webb (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986)
    • Caine, Barbara, Victorian Feminists (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992) Caine, Barbara, English Feminism, 1780-1980 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997) Caird, Mona, 'A Defense of the So Called 'Wild Women" Nineteenth Century 31 (1892) 811-829
    • Caird, Mona, The Daughters of Danaus (London: Bliss, Sands and Foster, 1894) Campbell, Kate, ed., Critical Feminism: Argument in the Disciplines (Buckingham: Open University Press, 1992)
    • Coole, Diana 'Is Class a Difference that Makes a Difference?' Journal of Radical Philosophy 77 (1996) 17-25
    • Copelman, Dina M., 'The Gendered Metropolis: Fin-de-Siecle London' Radical History Review 60 (1994) 38-57
    • Copelman, Dina M., London's Women Teachers: Gender, Class and Feminism, 1870- 1930 (London: Routledge, 1996)
    • Deane, Mitchell, The Constitution of Poverty: Toward a Genealogy of Liberal Governance (London: Routledge, 1991)
    • Deane, Theresa, 'Late Nineteenth-Century Philanthropy: The Case of Louisa Twining in Anne Digby and John Stuart, eds., Gender, Health and Welfare (London: Routledge, 1996) pp. 122-143
    • Digby, Anne, 'Poverty, Health and the Politics of Gender in Britain, 1870-1948' in Anne Digby and John Stuart, eds., Gender, Health and Welfare (London: Routledge, 1996) pp. 66-91
    • Dixon, Ella Hepworth, The Story of a Modern Woman (London: Heinemann, 1894) Donajgrodslci, J., ed., Social Control in Nineteenth Century Britain (London: Croom Helm, 1977)
    • Fido, Judith, 'The Charity Organisation Society and Social Casework in London, 1869- 1900' in J. Donajgrodski ed. Social Control in Nineteenth Century Britain (London: Croom Helm, 1977) pp. 215-236
    • Fishman, W.J., East London 1888: A Year in a London Borough Among the Labouring Poor (London: Duckworth, 1988)
    • Flint, Kate, The Woman Reader, 1837-1914 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993) Ford, Isabella 0., On the Threshold (London: Edward Arnold, 1895) Ford, Isabella 0., 'Women and Socialism' (1907) repr. in Marie Mulvey Roberts ed. The Reformers: Socialist Feminism (London: Routledge, 1993) Foucault, Michel, The Birth of the Clinic: An Archaeology of Medical Perception trans. A.M. Sheriden (London: Tavistock, 1973)
    • Ginzberg, Lori D., Women and the Work of Benevolence: Morality, Politics and Class in the Nineteenth-Century United States (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990) Gissing, George, Thyrza (1887 repr. Sussex: Harvester, 1974) Gissing, George, The Nether World (1889 repr. London: Everyman, 1973) Gissing, George, The Odd Women (1893 repr. London: Norton) [Harkness, Margaret] John Law, A City Girl: A Realistic Story (London: Vizetelly, 1887)
    • Johnson, Barry C., ed., Olive and Stepniak: The Bloomsbury Diary of Olive Garnett, 1893-1895 (Birmingham: Bartletts, 1993)
    • Ledger, Sally, The New Woman: Fiction and Feminism at the Fin-de-Siècle (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997)
    • Lees, Andrew, Cities Perceived: Urban Society in European and American Thought, 1820-1940 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1985) Levine, Philippa, Victorian Feminism, 1850-1900 (Tallahasee: University of Florida Press, 1994)
    • MacKenzie, Norman, ed., The Letters of Sydney and Beatrice Webb Vol. I: Apprenticeships, 1873-1892 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978) Mahood, Linda, Policing Gender, Class and Family: Britain, 1850-1940 (UCL Press, 1995)
    • Murray, Janet Horowitz, 'Class vs. Gender Identification in the Englishwoman's Review of the 1880s' Victorian Periodicals Review 18 (1985) 138-142 Parker, Julia, Women and Welfare: Ten Victorian Women in Public Social Service (London: Macmillan, 1989)
    • Prochaska, Frank, 'Body and Soul: Bible Nurses and the Poor in Victorian London' Historical Research 60 (1987) 336-348
    • Rose, Michael E., ed., The Relief of Poverty, 1834-1914 (London: Macmillan, 1972) Rose, Michael E., ed., The Poor and the City: The English Poor Law in its Urban Context, 1834-1914 (Leicester University Press, 1985) Vicinus, Martha, Independent Women: Work and Community for Single Women, 1850- 1920 (London: Virago, 1985)
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article