LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Open
Journal: Global Health Action
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Medicine, Public aspects of medicine, RA1-1270, research capacity, R, research systems, bibliometry, health research funding, public health research, India
Background: Public health research has gained increasing importance in India's national health policy as the country seeks to address the high burden of disease and its inequitable distribution, and embarks on an ambitious agenda towards universalising health care. Objective: This study aimed at describing the public health research output in India, its focus and distribution, and the actors involved in the research system. It makes recommendations for systematically promoting and strengthening public health research in the country. Design: The study was a bibliometric analysis of PubMed and IndMed databases for years 2000–2010. The bibliometric data were analysed in terms of biomedical focus based on the Global Burden of Disease, location of research, research institutions, and funding agencies. Results: A total of 7,893 eligible articles were identified over the 11-year search period. The annual research output increased by 42% between 2000 and 2010. In total, 60.8% of the articles were related to communicable diseases, newborn, maternal, and nutritional causes, comparing favourably with the burden of these causes (39.1%). While the burdens from non-communicable diseases and injuries were 50.2 and 10.7%, respectively, only 31.9 and 7.5% of articles reported research for these conditions. The north-eastern states and the Empowered-Action-Group states of India were the most under-represented for location of research. In total, 67.2% of papers involved international collaborations and 49.2% of these collaborations were with institutions in the UK or USA; 35.4% of the publications involved international funding and 71.2% of funders were located in the UK or USA. Conclusions: While public health research output in India has increased significantly, there are marked inequities in relation to the burden of disease and the geographic distribution of research. Systematic priority setting, adequate funding, and institutional capacity building are needed to address these inequities.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. WHO (2008). NBD summary tables, health statistics and informatics information, evidence and research (IER/HIS). Geneva: World Health Organization.
    • 2. Benzer A, Pomaroli A, Hauffe H, Schmutzhard E. Geographical analysis of medical publications in 1990. Lancet 1993; 341: 247.
    • 3. Hefler L, Tempfer C, Kainz C. Geography of biomedical publications in the European Union, 1990 98. Lancet 1999; 353: 1856.
    • 4. Thompson DF. Geography of U.S. biomedical publications, 1990 to 1997. N Engl J Med 1999; 340: 817 18.
    • 5. Soteriades ES, Rosmarakis ES, Paraschakis K, Falagas ME. Research contribution of different world regions in the top 50 biomedical journals (1995 2002). FASEB J 2006; 20: 29 34.
    • 6. Sitthi-amorn C, Somrongthong R. Strengthening health research capacity in developing countries: a critical element for achieving health equity. BMJ 2000; 321: 813 15.
    • 7. Evans T, Irwin A, Vega J. Health research, poverty and equity. Geneva: Global Forum Update on Research for Health; 2005.
    • 8. Dandona L, Sivan YS, Jyothi MN, Bhaskar VSU, Dandona R. The lack of public health research output from India. BMC Public Health 2004; 4: 55.
    • 9. Sadana R, D'Souza C, Hyder AA, Mushtaque A, Chowdhury R. Importance of health research in South Asia. BMJ 2004; 328: 826 30.
    • 10. High Level Expert Group (HLEG) on Universal Health Coverage (UHC) (2011). High Level Expert Group report on universal health coverage for India. Delhi: Planning Commission, Government of India.
    • 11. Planning Commission of India (2012). Twelfth five year plan (2012 17). Vol. 3. Delhi: Government of India.
    • 12. Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. Available from: http://www.dhr. gov.in/ [cited 25 August 2013].
    • 13. Lewison G, Devey ME. Bibliometric methods for the evaluation of arthritis research. Rheumatology 1999; 38: 13 20.
    • 14. Similowski T, Derenne JP. Bibliometry of biomedical journals answer. Rev Mal Respir 1997; 14: 237 8.
    • 15. Lewison G. The definition of biomedical research subfields with title keywords and application to the analysis of research outputs. Res Eval 1996; 5: 25 36.
    • 16. Soteriades ES, Falagas ME. A bibliometric analysis in the fields of preventive medicine, occupational and environmental medicine, epidemiology, and public health. BMC Public Health 2006; 6: 301.
    • 17. Clarke A, Gatineau M, Grimaud O, Royer-Devaux S, Wyn-Roberts N, Le Bis I, et al. A bibliometric overview of public health research in Europe. Eur J Public Health 2007; 17(Suppl 1): 43 9.
    • 18. Glanville J, Kendrick T, McNally R, Campbell J, Hobbs FDR. Research output on primary care in Australia, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States: bibliometric analysis. BMJ 2011; 342: d1028.
    • 19. Acheson D. Independent inquiry into inequalities in health (Acheson report). London: Department of Health; 1999.
    • 20. Last J, Spasoff R, Harris S. A dictionary of epidemiology. 4th ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 2000.
    • 21. World Health Organization (1998). Health promotion glossary. Geneva: World Health Organization.
    • 22. McCarthy M. Definition of public health research established for SPHERE (Strengthening Public Health Research in Europe). Available from: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/public-health/sphere/ spherehome.htm [cited 20 May 2012].
    • 23. U.S National Library of Medicine (2011). Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). USA: National Institutes of Health.
    • 24. Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner (2011). Census of India. Delhi: Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
    • 25. Nachega JB, Uthman OA, Ho YS, Lo M, Anude C, Kayembe P, et al. Current status and future prospects of epidemiology and public health training and research in the WHO African region. Int J Epidemiol 2012; 41: 1829 46.
    • 26. Chuang K-Y, Chuang Y-C, Ho M, Ho Y-S. Bibliometric analysis of public health research in Africa: the overall trend and regional comparisons. S Afr J Sci 2011; 107: 5/6.309.
    • 27. Hofman K, Ryce A, Prudhomme W, Kotzin S. Reporting of non-communicable disease research in low- and middle-income countries: a pilot bibliometric analysis. J Med Libr Assoc 2006; 94: 415 20.
    • 28. Paganini JM, Raiher S. A bibliometric analysis of health services research publications: trends and characteristics. Argentina: Facultad de Ciencias Me´dicas Universidad Nacional de La Plata and Centro Interdisciplinario Universitario para la Salud; 2006.
    • 29. Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation. Global Burden of Disease. Available from: http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation. org/gbd [cited 23 May 2013].
    • 30. Dandona L, Raban MZ, Guggilla RK, Bhatnagar A, Dandona R. Trends of public health research output from India during 2001 2008. BMC Med 2009; 7: 59. doi: 10.1186/1741-7015-7-59.
    • 31. Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation (2013). The global burden of disease: generating evidence, guiding policy. Seattle, WA: IHME.
    • 32. Wang H, Dwyer-Lindgren L, Lofgren KT, Rajaratnam JK, Marcus JR, Levin-Rector A, et al. Age-specific and sex-specific mortality in 187 countries, 1970 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet 2012; 380: 2071 94.
    • 33. Lozano R, Wang H, Foreman KJ, Rajaratnam JK, Naghavi M, Marcus JR, et al. Progress towards millennium development goals 4 and 5 on maternal and child mortality: an updated systematic analysis. Lancet 2011; 378: 1139 65.
    • 34. Murray CJL, Lopez AD. The global burden of disease: a comprehensive assessment of mortality and disability from disease, injuries, and risk factors in 1990 and projected to 2020. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press; 1996.
    • 35. World Health Organization. The world health report 2004 changing history. Available from: http://www.who.int/whr/2004/ en/index.html [cited 20 August 2013].
    • 36. Ali N, Hill C, Kennedy A, Isselmuiden C. COHRED record paper 5. What factors influence national health research agendas in low and middle income countries? Geneva: Council on Health Research for Development (COHRED); 2006.
    • 37. Vorster HH. The emergence of cardiovascular disease during urbanisation of Africans. Public Health Nutr 2002; 5: 239 43.
    • 38. Efroymson D, Ahmed S, Townsend J, Alam SM, Dey AR, Saha R, et al. Hungry for tobacco: an analysis of the economic impact of tobacco consumption on the poor in Bangladesh. Tob Control 2001; 10: 212 17.
    • 39. Rani M, Bonu S, Jha P, Nguyen SN, Jamjoum L. Tobacco use in India: prevalence and predictors of smoking and chewing in a national cross sectional household survey. Tob Control 2003; 12: E4.
    • 40. Mayosi BM, Flisher AJ, Lalloo UG, Sitas F, Tollman SM, Bradshaw D. Health in South Africa 4. The burden of noncommunicable diseases in South Africa. Lancet 2009; 374: 934 47.
    • 41. Rechel B, Shapo L, Mckee M. Millennium development goals for health in Europe and Central Asia: relevance and policy implications. Washington, DC: World Bank; 2004.
    • 42. Global Forum for Health Research (2007). The global forum update on research for health volume 4. London: Pro-Brook Publishing Limited.
    • 43. Global Forum for Health Research (2009). Monitoring financial flows for health research 2009: behind the global numbers. Geneva: Global Forum for Health Research.
    • 44. Ravishankar N, Gubbins P, Cooley RJ, Leach-Kemon K, Michaud CM, Jamison DT, et al. Financing Global Health 2009: Tracking development assistance for health. Seattle, WA: IHME.
    • 45. Ministry of Corporate Affairs. The companies bill 2012. Available from: http://www.mca.gov.in/Ministry/pdf/The_Companies_ Bill_ 2012.pdf [cited 18 September 2013].
    • 46. Kahn MJ. Africa's plan of action for science and technology and indicators: South African experience. Afr Stat J 2008; 6: 163 76.
    • 47. Schoeneck DJ, Porter AL, Kostoff RN, Berger EM. Assessment of Brazil's research literature. Tech Anal Strat Manag 2011; 23: 601 21.
    • 48. Khan ATJ. Health research capacity in Pakistan. Pakistan: Council on Health Research for Development; 2009.
    • 49. World Health Organization (2002). Review of national health research systems: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka. Dhaka: Background documents for the 27th Session of WHO South-East Asia Advisory Committee on Health Research.
    • 50. Commission on Health Research for Development (1990). Health research: essential link to equity in development. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • No related research data.
  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

Share - Bookmark

Funded by projects

  • WT

Cite this article