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Russell, Bernard
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: TL, HC
The thesis is a historical study of the first twenty years of the British motor cycle industry in terms of the development of its product.\ud The main theoretical issue is standardization, not in its usual sense as a forma l activity aimed at the setting up of standards, but as a trend the effect of which is for products to become more and more alike across the industry as a whole. Standardization in this sense is to a large extent an unintended consequence of the wish on the part of producers to design products which operate more efficiently, which can be produced more cheaply, and which have the widest possible appeal in the marketplace; and of the preference, on the part of the majority of consumers, for products which are familiar and of known reputation and performance, as against those which are new and untried.\ud The trend to standardization is analysed into its main components , functional efficiency, production efficiency, and marketing efficiency, and these are used as the basis of a number of propositions which make it possible to consider in more depth the development of the product during the three phases of industry development : experimental, developmental, and standardization .\ud The more substantive chapters of the thesis are organized around three main themes, the development of the industry as a whole, and the development of the product from a technical point of view, and from a consumer point of view.\ud The main conclusion is that the development of its product into a standard form--one on which newcomers to the industry can base their own products and which consumers can recognise as reliable and worthy of purchase-is the most critical stage in the development and consolidation of a new industry.
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    • 8.1. Firms Entering and Leaving the Industry, 1901-1907
    • 8.2. Duration of Continuous Motor Bicycle Production for Firms Entering the Industry, 1901-1907
    • 8.3. A Rider's Running Costs
    • 9.1. Firms Entering and Leaving the Industry, 1908-1916
    • 9.2. Increase in Motor Cycle Use, 1901-1918
    • 9.3. Exports and Imports of Motor Cycles, 1907-1916
    • 10.1. Technical Statistics of Machines Displayed at the Stanley Show, 1908
    • 13.1. Firms Entering and Leaving the Industry, 1896-1916
    • 14.1. Triumph Prices compared with those of other British-made 31hp single cylinder machines (3hp for 1906), 1906-1913
    • Aitken, H.G.J., ed., Explorations in Enterprise, Ca m.bridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1967.
    • Aldcroft, D.H., "Factor Prices and the Rate of Innovation in Britain 1875-1914", Business History, 9,1967, pp. 126-131.
    • Allen, G.C., British Industries and their Organization, London; Longman, 1970.
    • Andrews, B., Creative Product Development, London: Longman, 1975.
    • Armytage, W.H.G., A Social History of Engineering, London: Faber, 1961.
    • Arndt, J., "New Product Diffusion", in Sheth, ed., 1974.
    • Ashton, T.S., The Industrial Revolution, London: Oxford University Press, 1955.
    • Ashworth, W., An Economic History ofI England 1870-1939, London: Methuen, 1974.
    • Auto-Cycle Union, Official Touring Guide, 1915-16, London: ACU, 1915.
    • Automobile Club, Official Programme 2! ~ 1000-mile Motor Vehicle Trial, April 1900', London, 1900.
    • - - - , 1000 Miles Motor Vehicle Trial, April, 1900, London, 1900.
    • Ayton, C., Holliday, B., Posthumus, C., & Winfield, M., The History of Motor Cycling, London: Orbis, 1979.
    • Ayton, C., Japanese Motorcycles, London: Muller, 1981.
    • Bagwell, P.S., The Transport Revolution from 1770, London: Batsford, 1974.
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    • Balfour, A., Chairman, (Commi ttee on I ndustry and Trade), Factors in Industrial and Commercial Efficiency, London: HMSO, 1927.
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